Track 15-2: Forage Quality, Conservation and Utilization

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

Effect of Lactic Acid Bacterial Inoculant on Nitrogen Change and in Vitro Digestibility of Alfalfa Silage

Y. Dai, Jinlin Agricultural University, China
Guizhen Li, Gansu Agricultural University, China
F. Y. Yang, China Agricultural University, China
Bo Deng, China Agricultural University, China

Effect of Adding Lemon Grass to Dairy Cow Diets on Milk Quality and Blood Oxidation Resistance

Hongru Gu, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Chenglong Ding, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Yi Ding, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Yixin Shen, Nanjing Agricultural University, China

Effects of Biological Silage Additives on Organic Acid Content and pH in Shrub Silage

Lijuan Fan, Grassland Research Institute, China
Qizhong Sun, Grassland Research Institute, China

Nutrient Contents and Ensiling Characteristics of Several Rice Varieties

C. G. Fan, South China Agricultural University, China
Q. H. Liu, South China Agricultural University, China
X. Q. Li, South China Agricultural University, China
J. G. Zhang, South China Agricultural University, China

Dynamic Analysis of Nutrient Composition and Digestibility of Cichorium intybus in Hohhot

Bingzhe Fu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Fugui Mi, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Risu Na, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Hongmei Ning, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Effect of Harvest Timing on Maize (Zea mays L.) Quality

Z. Gaile, Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvia

Study on Production Performance of Alfalfa in Yellow River Beach Areas

Yongge Gao, Henan Provincial Forage and Feed Technology Extension Service, China
Li Li, Provincial Forage and Feed Technology Extension Service, China
Yanhua Wang, Henan Provincial Forage and Feed Technology Extension Service, China

Dry Matter Yields and Pasture Quality in Nigerian Savanna

J. I. Muoghalu

Effects of Stage of Harvest on Yield and Quality Traits in Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinace)

A. A. Jafari, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Iran
M. Rezaifard, Islamic Azad University, Iran
M. H. Assareh, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Iran

Comparision of Chemical Composition and Nutritive Value of Rangeland Plants in Northern Iran

Nafise Jalali, University of Mazandaran, Iran
M. Shokri, University of Mazandaran, Iran
H. Zali, University of Mazandaran, Iran
G. H. Heidari, University of Mazandaran, Iran

Carcass Characteristics of Sheep Fed High Moisture Corn Silage with or without Whole Sunflower or Urea Finished in Feedlot

C. C. Jobim, State University of Maringa, Brazil
F. A. F. Macedo, State University of Maringa, Brazil
A. F. Branco, State University of Maringa, Brazil
L. Lombardy

Quality of High Moisture Corn Silage Added of Whole Soybean, Whole Sunflower or Urea

C. C. Jobim, State University of Maringa, Brazil
F. A. F. Macedo, State University of Maringa, Brazil
A. F. Branco, State University of Maringa, Brazil
C. R. Alcalde, State University of Maringa, Brazil

Amino Acid and Protein Incorporation in Water‐Stressed Perennial Ryegrass

W. J. Jung, Chonnam National University, South Korea
B. R. Lee, Chonnam National University, South Korea
L. S. Li, Chonnam National University, South Korea
Y. L. Jin, Chonnam National University, South Korea
T. H. Kim, Chonnam National University, South Korea

Herbage Biomass Production and Nutritive Value of Morus alba and Calliandra calothyrsus Harvested at Different Cutting Frequencies

Fred Kabi, Makerere University, Uganda
F. B. Bareeba, Makerere University, Uganda

Assessment of Mineral Elements of Some Range Species in Contrast of Livestock Requirements

S. H. Kaboli, University of Tehran, Iran
Hossein Arzani, University of Tehran, Iran
L. Fazel, University of Tehran, Iran

Comparison on the Newly Developed Silage Inoculant (Lactobacillus plantarum NLRI 401) for Whole Crop Rice Silage

Jong-geun Kim, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Eui-soo Chung, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Jun-sang Ham, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Sei-hyung Yoon, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Meing-joong Kim, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Sung Seo, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea

The Impact of Direct Sowing into Sward of Permanent Grassland on Forage Production

P. Komárek, Crop Research Institute, Czech Republic
A. Kohoutek, Crop Research Institute, Czech Republic
P. Nerušil, Crop Research Institute, Czech Republic
V. Odstrčilová, Crop Research Institute, Czech Republic

Effect of Additive on Alfalfa Mixed Silage Quality

X. X. Li, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Q. Zh. Sun, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

The Analysis of Cation‐Anion Difference of Six Important Forage

Zhiqiang Li, China Agricultural University, China
J. G. Han, China Agricultural University, China

Fatty Acid Analysis of Six Important Forage

Zhiqiang Li, China Agricultural University, China
J. G. Han, China Agricultural University, China

Grazing Intensity and Frequency Effects on Herbage Accumulation and Nutritive Value of Tifton 85 Bermudagrass (Cynodon sp.)

Kesi Liu, University of Florida
Lynn E. Sollenberger, University of Florida
U. Renée White, University of Florida
Y. C. Newman, University of Florida
Joao M. B. Vendramini, University of Florida

Effects of Lactic Acid Bacteria and Cellulases on the Quality of Ensiled Wheat Straw

Yongzhi Liu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural and Animal Sciences College, China
B. W. Chang, Inner Mongolia Feedgrass Seed Supervise and Check Station, China

The Effect of Applying Lactic Acid Bacteria to Elymus excelsus and Elymus sibiricus Gramineous Mixed Grass on Fermentation Characteristics

Hanlu Liu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Rong Gui, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Na Ta, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Rihua Wei, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Experiment of Leymus Chinensis in Raising Diary Cows

Xiaoliang Lu, South China Agriculture University, China
Lu Qin, South China Agriculture University, China
Zhu Liang, South China Agriculture University, China

Forage Quality in Some Species of Mountainous Rangelands (Iran)

Mohsen Maleki, Islamic Azad University, Iran
H. Arzani, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Marzieh Mosayyebi, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Influence of Nitrogen in the Anatomical Characteristics and Yield of Tropical Grasses

L. T. Medeiros, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
José C. Pinto, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
E. M. de Castro, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
A. V. de Rezende, Universidade de Alfenas, Brazil
C. A. Lima, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
M. S. Sugawara, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil

Silage Making by Smallholder Dairy Farmers in Kenya: Potential and Constraints of Small Bag Silage

J. N. Methu
David Miano Mwangi, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kenya
L. Karienye

Investigation on Effects of Phenological Stages and Species on Forage Quality of Rangelands (Iran)

Marzieh Mosayyebi, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Hossein Arzani, University of Tehran, Iran
Mohsen Maleki, Islamic Azad University, Iran

The Application of Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy in Nutrient Ingredient Determination of Silage Maize

H. B. Mu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Xiangyang Hou, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
F. G. Mi, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

The Research on the Sodium Bicarbonate Solution Cures the Ryegrass Hay

Zhilan Mu, Southwest University, China

Nutritional Characterisation of Vigna unguiculata as Alternative Protein Source for Monogastric Animals

L. S. Muñoz, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia
P. Sarria, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia
Siriwan Martens, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, Colombia
M. Peters, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, Colombia
P. A. Aguirre, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia
C. A. Montoya, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia

Persistence of Chamaecrista rotundifolia (Wynn) in Panicum maximum (Ntchisi) under Varying Spacing and Legume Planting Methods

Jimoh A. Olanite, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
Alaba O. Jolaosho, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
O. M. Arigbede, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
Olufemi S. Onifade, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
U. Y. Anele, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

Effect of Biological Additives on Fermentation and Nutritive Value of Silage

Andres Olt, Estonian University of Life Science, Estonia
H. Kaldmäe, Estonian University of Life Science, Estonia
E. Songisepp, University of Tartu, Estonia
O. Kärt, Estonian University of Life Science, Estonia

Voluntary Intake by Cattle Consuming Forage from Grasslands of Different Quality

Jan Pozdíšek, Research Institutefor Cattle Breeding, Ltd., Czech Republic
A. Kohoutek, Research Institute of Crop Production, Czech Republic
O. Látal, Research Institutefor Cattle Breeding, Ltd., Czech Republic
M. Svozilová, Research Institutefor Cattle Breeding, Ltd., Czech Republic
M. Štýbnarová, Research Institutefor Cattle Breeding, Ltd., Czech Republic

Variation of Plant Diversity and Feeding Value in Gurbantunggut Desert Grassland

Y. B. Qian, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Z. N. Wu, Xinjiang University, China
L. Y. Zhang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
H. Y. Zhang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Fermentation Quality of TMR Silage with Green Tea Grounds Ensiled in Flexible Container Bag Silo

Ramli Mohd Noor, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Yimin Cai, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Ryuichi Uegaki, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Hiroki Matsuyama, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Chuncheng Xu, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Norio Yoshida, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Yasushi Tando, National Federation of Dairy Co‐operative Associations, Japan
Tatsuo Miwa, National Federation of Dairy Co‐operative Associations, Japan

Biochemical Aspect of Grazing Behavior on Mediterranean Rangelands

J. Rogosic, University of Zadar, Croatia
J. Kezic, University of Zadar, Croatia

Changes in Herbage Quality of Two Grasses from Inner Mongolia Grassland during Growing Season

Anne Schiborra, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany
M. Gierus, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany
H. W. Wan, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany
Y. F. Bai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Friedhelm Taube, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany

Genetic Resources of Halophytes and Their Utilization for Sustainable Development of Russian Rangelands

Nariman Shamsutdinov, All-Russian Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation, Russia

Study on the Decreasing Lipid Activity of Chicory Root Extracts and Inulin

Hongmei Shang, Jilin Agricultural University, China
Tianming Hu, Northwest A&F University, China
Youjun Lu, Northwest A&F University, China
Yujie Lou, Jilin Agricultural University, China

Fermentation Quality of Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) Silages Treated with Additives

Shao Tao, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
A. Y. Wen, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Ji. Wang, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
L. Zhang, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Ju. Wang, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
M. Shimojo, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Y. Masuda, Nanjing Agricultural University, China

Study on Different Silages of Seed Production and Production Rice Staw

Jing Shui, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Jinhua Zhang, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Youmin Gan, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Wuling Chen, Sichuan Agricultural University, China

Distribution of Crude Fat for a Halophyte (Suaeda glauca) Growing in the Songnen Grassland

H. X. Sun, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Ch. L. Liu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Ch. Sh. L., Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

The Effect of Additives and Mixed Treatment on Red Clover Silage Quality

Lian Tao, China Agricultural University, China
Zhu Yu, China Agricultural University, China
Liying Han, China Agricultural University, China

The Dynamic Changing of Soluble Sugar in Different Alfalfa Varieties

Ya Tao, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Q. Zh. Sun, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Effect of Cutting Frequency on Silage Making from Napier Grasses in Thailand

Sayan Tudsri, Kasetsart University, Thailand
Suwance Ketkumalat, Kasetsart University, Thailand
Sunantha Jantakool, Kasetsart University, Thailand
Sunee Sintu, Kasetsart University, Thailand

Changes in Herbage Quality of Cocksfoot, Prairie Grass and Tall Fescue during Regrowth

Lydia R. Turner, University of Tasmania, Australia
J. R. Roche, University of Tasmania, Australia
Danny J. Donaghy, University of Tasmania, Australia
Richard P. Rawnsley, University of Tasmania, Australia

The Influence of the Grassland Management on Fodder Quality

V. Vintu, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Romania
C. Samuil, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Romania
T. Iacob, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Romania
Alina Trofin, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Romania
C. I. Popovici, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Romania

Effects of Additives on the Alfalfa Fibrous Residues Silage Quality

Yanlin Xue, Inner Mongolia Agricultural and Animal Sciences College, China
Z. Yu, China Agricultural University, China
C. S. Bai, Shenyang Agricultural University, China
Q. F. Xu, Shanxi Agricultural University, China

Net Photosynthesis Rate and Transpiration Rate of Algonquin in Different Growth Years

Lijun Xu, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences, China
B. Wang, Beijing Forestry University, China
Q. Z. Sun, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences, China