Track 15-1: Forage Quality, Conservation and Utilization

The XXI International Grassland Congress / VIII International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

XXI International Grassland Congress/
VIII International Rangeland Congress:
Forage Quality, Conservation and Utilization

Progress in Silage Research in Relation to Animal Production and Food Safety

N. Nishino, Okayama University, Japan

Forage Conservation in Tropical Zones: Potential and Limitations of Grass Silages in South America

Luiz Gustavo Nussio, University of São Paulo, Brazil
José Leonardo Ribeiro, University of São Paulo, Brazil

Microbiological Profile of Sugarcane Silages Inoculated with Lactobacillus buchneri

José C. Pinto, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Carla Luiza da Silva Ávila, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
H. C. P. Figueiredo, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
A. R. Morais, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Odilon G. Pereira, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brazil
R. F. Schwan, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil

Bromatological Characteristics of Sugarcane Silages Inoculated with Lactobacillus buchneri

José C. Pinto, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Carla Luiza da Silva Ávila, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
H. C. P. Figueiredo, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
A. R. Morais, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Odilon G. Pereira, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brazil
R. F. Schwan, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil

Exogenous Transcription Factors Alter the Patterns of Condensed Tannin Accumulation in Lotus corniculatus

Sergio Arcioni, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche‐Istituto Genetica Vegetal, Italy
F. Damiani, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche‐Istituto Genetica Vegetal, Italy
F. Paolocci, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche‐Istituto Genetica Vegetal, Italy

Influence of Sprinkler Irrigation on the Chemical Composition of Brachiaria brizantha cv. MG 5 Grazed by Crossbred Nelore Steers under Rotational Grazing System

Rita de Cássia Ribeiro Carvalho, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
José C. Pinto, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Wellington W. Rocha, Fundação de Ensino Superior de Passos, Brazil
Joel Augusto Muniz, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Patrick Hübner Braga Nunes, Fundação de Ensino Superior de Passos, Brazil
Carla Luiza da Silva Ávila, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil

Effect of Essential Oils Used as Inoculants on the Nutritive Value of Barley Silage

A. V. Chaves, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
J. Baah, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
W. Z. Yang, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
T. A. McAllister, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
C. Benchaar, Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre, Canada

Voluntary Intake and Digestibility in Horses: Individual Variability in the Effect of Forage Quality

N. Edouard, INRA, France
G. Fleurance, Les Haras nationaux, France
W. Martin‐Rosset, INRA, France
P. Duncan, CEBC‐CNRS, France
J. P. Dulphy, INRA, France
S. Grange, CEBC‐CNRS, France
R. Baumont, INRA, France
H. Dubroeucq, INRA, France
F. J. Pérez‐Barbería, The Macaulay Institute, UK
I. J. Gordon, CSIRO, Australia

Influence of Cutting Date on the Protein Quality of Forage Legumes in the Autumn Regrowth

M. Gierus, University of Kiel, Germany
J. Kleen, University of Kiel, Germany
Friedhelm Taube, Universityof Kiel, Germany

The Effect of Polyphenol Oxidase on Lipolysis and Proteolysis of Red Clover Silage with and without a Silage Inoculant

Michael R. F. Lee, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
M. B. Scott, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
D. R. Davies, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
F. R. Minchin, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK

Milk C18 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids from Cows Grazed on Perennial Ryegrass, Tall Fescue or Timothy Grass Swards

Michael R. F. Lee, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
E. J. Kim, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
N. Ellis, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
J. K. S. Tweed, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
N. D. Scollan, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK

Milk C18 :1 and Conjugated Linoleic Acid Isomers from Cows Grazed on Perennial Ryegrass, Tall Fescue or Timothy Grass Swards

Michael R. F. Lee, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
E. J. Kim, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
N. Ellis, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
J. K. S. Tweed, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK
N. D. Scollan, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK

The Mulberry as a Source of Forage for Ruminants: Effects of Stand Density and Cutting Frequency on Dry Matter Yield and Nutritive Value

H. Manterola, University of Chile, Chile
D. Cerda, University of Chile, Chile

An Apparatus for Measuring Pasture Forage Mass

J. L. Moyer, Kansas State University
D. W. Sweeney, Kansas State University
K. W. Kelley, Kansas State University
M. D. Schrock, Kansas State University
R. R. Price, Kansas State University

Fermentative Profile of Soybean Silages Treated with Molasses and Microbial Inoculant

Odilon G. Pereira, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
L. O. Rosa, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
E. M. Santos, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil

Effect of Genotype and Cutting System on Agronomic and Feed Quality Characteristics of Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) Grown in Three Sites in Northern Germany

H. Salama, University of Kiel, Germany
M. Lösche, Universityof Kiel, Germany
Antje Herrmann, Universityof Kiel, Germany
M. Gierus, University of Kiel, Germany
Friedhelm Taube, Universityof Kiel, Germany

Sample Preparation Affects Non Structural Carbohydrates in Alfalfa

Gaëtan F. Tremblay, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Annick Bertrand, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Yves Castonguay, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Gilles Bélanger, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Sophie Pelletier, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Réal Michaud, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

Nitrogen Intake and Utilisation Pattern in the Digestive Tract of Sheep Grazing Four Subtropical Foggages

Willem A. van Niekerk, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Abubeker Hassen, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Implications of Excess Nitrogen for Intake, Diet Choice and Production of Sheep Fed Temperate Pastures

Garry C. Waghorn, DairyNZ, New Zealand
G. P. Cosgrove, AgResearch Grasslands, New Zealand

Tannin Contents of Sainfoin (Onobrycyhis viciifolia Scop) Grown with or without Irrigation and Harvested at Different Growth Stages

Y. Wang, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
T. A. McAllister, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
S. N. Acharya, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
K. H. Ominski, University of Manitoba, Canada
D. O. Krause, University of Manitoba, Canada

The Production and Nutritional Composition of Annual Winter Growing Grass and Legume Species as Winter Pasture

Philip R. Botha, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
H. S. Gerber, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
Robin Meeske, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
A. Swanepoel, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa

The Production and Nutritional Composition of Forage Sorghum Cultivars as Silage Crops

A. Swanepoel, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
Philip R. Botha, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
H. S. Gerber, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
Robin Meeske, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa

The Production and Nutritional Composition of Forage Sorghum and Hybrid Forage Millet Cultivars as Pasture Crops

A. Swanepoel, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
Philip R. Botha, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
H. S. Gerber, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
Robin Meeske, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa

The Effect of N‐Fertilization on Fatty Acid Composition in Forage Plants

Katarina Arvidsson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Anne-Maj Gustavsson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Kjell Martinsson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

In Vivo Digestibility, Intake and Nitrogen Balance of Lambs Fed Different Barley Herbage: Sorghum Silage Diets

M. Arzadun, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Argentina
S. Arias, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Argentina
J. Freddi, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Argentina
A. Piazza, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Argentina

Green Forage and Silage Nutritive Value of Double Purpose Winter Species

Renato S. Fontaneli, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Rob S. Fontaneli, Universidade de Passo Fundo, Brazil
J. W. Dürr, Universidade de Passo Fundo, Brazil
H. P. dos Santos, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Yield of Double Purpose Winter Species as Pasture and Silage

Renato S. Fontaneli, EMBRAPA, Brazil
H. P. dos Santos, EMBRAPA, Brazil
A. do Nascimento Junior, EMBRAPA, Brazil
E. Caierãol, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Rob S. Fontaneli, Universidade de Passo Fundo, Brazil

Yield and Nutritive Value of Warm‐Season Grasses

Renato S. Fontaneli, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Rob S. Fontaneli, Universidade de Passo Fundo, Brazil
R. Orth, Universidade de Passo Fundo, Brazil

Influence of Seasonal Changes and Variety on the Water‐Soluble Carbohydrate (WSC) Content of Varieties of Lolium perenne in Sweden

Magnus A. Halling, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

Variation in Forage Quality of Three Rangeland Species in Different Phenological Stages

S. A. Javadi, Islamic Azad University, Iran
H. Arzani, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Do Silicon Fertilizers Improve the Fodder Value of Tropical Grass Species?

Valentin Kindomihou, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Jianfeng Ma, Okayama University, Japan
Brice Sinsin, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Pierre Meerts, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium

Alfalfa Forage Processing and Industry Development in China

S. H. Luo, Chengdu Daye International Investment Co. Ltd., China
F. Y. Liu, Chengdu Daye International Investment Co. Ltd., China

Variation in Nutritional Values of Shrub Forages in the Pastoral Zone of Western Australia

B. E. Norton, Curtin University of Technology, Australia
F. F. M. Daly, Curtin University of Technology, Australia
Gaye Krebs, Curtin University of Technology, Australia
K. Dodds, Chemistry Centre Western Australia, Australia

Varietal Differences in Rate of Carbohydrate Accumulation for Tall Fescue

Glenn E. Shewmaker, University of Idaho
H. F. Mayland, U.S. Department of Agriculture
C. A. Roberts, University of Missouri

Cell Wall Characteristics in Leaf and Stem of Grasses and Legumes in Mixed Swards

Karen Søegaard, Aarhus University, Denmark

Phenological Stages and Harvest Year on Forage Quality in West Azarbaijan Rangelands of Iran

J. Torkan, University of Urmia, Iran
H. Fajri, University of Urmia, Iran

Nutritive Value and Voluntary Intake of Beef Cattle Females in Pampa Biome, Southern Brazil

Teresa C. M. Genro, EMBRAPA, Brazil
M. G. Orqis, EMBRAPA, Brazil
L. Oliveira, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Alexandre C. Varella, EMBRAPA, Brazil
L. R. Milano, EMBRAPA, Brazil
A. K. Freitas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
T. S. Palma, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Effect of Forage Feeding on Goat Meat Production: Carcass Characteristics and Qualities of Creole Kids Reared Either at Pasture or Indoors

L. Liméa, INRA, France
B. Bocage, INRA, France
O. Coppry, INRA, France
Maryline Boval, INRA, France
H. Archimède, INRA, France
Gisele Alexandre, INRA, France

Cassava Leaves Silage as Feed Supplement in Ration of Lactating Dairy Cows

Marjuki, Brawijaya University, Indonesia
R. Howeler, CIAT, Thailand

The Effect of Ensiling Rice Straw with or without Bacterial Inoculants on Fermentation Quality, Chemical Composition and Nutritive Value

Chuncheng Xu, China Agricultural University, China
Yimin Cai, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Lujia Han, China Agricultural University, China
Xian Liu, China Agricultural University, China
Zengling Yang, China Agricultural University, China
Norio Yoshida, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan

Leaf Growth Dynamics and Forage Quality in Temperate and Tropical Grasses

Mónica G. Agnusdei, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
F. Nennin, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
Oscar Norberto Di Marco, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
M. S. Aello, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina

Heterosis and Combining Ability of Morphological and Forage Quality Predictors of Silage Corn Incentral Valley of Mexico

B. Alarcon‐Zuniga, Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Mexico
A. Bata‐Valverde, Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Mexico
A. Betanzos‐Betanzos, Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Mexico
M. Meneses‐Mayo, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillos, Mexico
M. Crosby‐Galvan, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillos, Mexico

Perovskia abrotanoides as a Plant for Multi‐Purpose Uses

Hossein Azarnivand, University of Tehran, Iran
Marzieh Alikhah Asl, University of Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Jafari, University of Tehran, Iran

Dynamic Fermentation Characteristics of Alfalfa Silage with Additives

C. S. Bai, Shenyang Agricultural University, China
Zhu Yu, China Agricultural University, China
Yanlin Xue, Inner Mongolia Agricultural and Animal Sciences College, China
Q. F. Xu, Shanxi Agricultural University, China

Chemical Composition of Range Plants of Vital Fodder Value for Livestock‐Based Economy in Uttarakhand Himalaya, India

Babita Bohra, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal
Vir Singh
R. D. Gaur

Fermentation Quality of Silage Prepared with Bacteriocin‐Producing Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacteria

Yimin Cai, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Saïd Ennahar, Université Louis Pasteur, France
Ramli Mohd Noor, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Malaysia
Chuncheng Xu, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Ryuichi Uegaki, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Norio Yoshida, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan

Study on Optimum Cultivation Techniques of Alfalfa on Songnen Plain

Fengjiu Chai, Institute of Animal Science of Heilongjiang Province, China
Zedong Liu, Institute of Animal Science of Heilongjiang Province, China

Effects of Phenological Stages on Forage Quality in Nine Range Species in Alborz Rangelands

N. Charehsaz, University of Tehran, Iran
Hossein Arzani, University of Tehran, Iran
A. A. Jafari, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Iran

Study on the Feeding Value of Forages Mixed Grass and Concentrated on the Qing Yuan Wuzong Geese during Fattening

Yong Chen, South China Agricultural University, China
Xiaoliang Lu, South China Agriculture University, China
Guangsheng He, South China Agriculture University, China
Yibin Huang, South China Agriculture University, China

Simulation of Alfalfa Production with EPIC

L. Chun, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
X. Xin, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
H. Tang, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China