Theme 3: Livestock--Oral Sessions

Description

The competent authority has approved the modifications in the Centrally Sponsored Fodder and Feed Development Scheme (CSFFDS), within the budget provision for the year 2012-13. The modifications are (i) Including a new component of ‘Establishment of Fodder Banks’ under the CSFFDS within the budget provision, for the financial year 2012-13 (i) The Central share for the component of Establishment of Fodder Block Making Units under the SDFFDS has been increased from 50% to 75% for the financial year 2012-13 for Cooperatives or Milk unions or Federations, and for State Government to facilitate harvesting and storage of surplus fodder in areas where rainfall has been good or where fodder has been grown in irrigated land. From the period 2014-18 livestock mission under Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Govt. of India is catering the need of livestock sector, under this mission submission on Feed and Fodder development is mitigating the gap between demand and supply of feed and fodder resources in the country. Presently ‘Kamdhenu Mission’ is functioning towards cattle development in India. In case of first Agro-Ecological Climatic zone-Western Himalaya, cold and with shallow skeletal soils-Agrostis species., Poa alpine, Trisetum spicatum grasses, Medicago sativa/subspecies sativa, m. sativa, sub-species falcuta legumes and Hippophae rhamnoides as shrubs for grassland improvement have been recommended. In the Second zone-Western plains and Kaccha Peninsula, hot and with desert and saline soils- Cenchrus ciliaris, C.setigerus (Sandy plain). Lasiurus scindicus (Sandy interdunal plains), panicum turgidum (sand dunes) chloris gayana, sporobolus marginatus (salt affected lands) grasses, legumes – Cassia rotundifolia, Acacia nilotca, A.tortilis, Albizia lebbeck, Ailanthus excelsa,Dichrostachys cinerea, Prosopis cineraria, Ziziphus nummularia, P.juliflora, Salvadora oleoides. S. Persia (saline soil) shrubs and trees are suitable. For Deccan plateau, hot and with red and black soils third important agro-ecological region grasses Andropogon gayanus, Chrysopogon fulvus (red soil), Dichanthium annulatum, Bothriochloa intermedia (black soil); legume Clitoria ternatea, Stylosanthes hamata, S.scabra and shrub/trees Acacia nilotica, Albizia amara, A.lebbeck, Desmanthus virgatus, Leucaena leucocephala, Tamarindus indica are found productive.

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Conservation and Utilization of Grassland Resources for Sustainable Livestock Production in Different Agro-Climatic Zones of India

The competent authority has approved the modifications in the Centrally Sponsored Fodder and Feed Development Scheme (CSFFDS), within the budget provision for the year 2012-13. The modifications are (i) Including a new component of ‘Establishment of Fodder Banks’ under the CSFFDS within the budget provision, for the financial year 2012-13 (i) The Central share for the component of Establishment of Fodder Block Making Units under the SDFFDS has been increased from 50% to 75% for the financial year 2012-13 for Cooperatives or Milk unions or Federations, and for State Government to facilitate harvesting and storage of surplus fodder in areas where rainfall has been good or where fodder has been grown in irrigated land. From the period 2014-18 livestock mission under Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Govt. of India is catering the need of livestock sector, under this mission submission on Feed and Fodder development is mitigating the gap between demand and supply of feed and fodder resources in the country. Presently ‘Kamdhenu Mission’ is functioning towards cattle development in India. In case of first Agro-Ecological Climatic zone-Western Himalaya, cold and with shallow skeletal soils-Agrostis species., Poa alpine, Trisetum spicatum grasses, Medicago sativa/subspecies sativa, m. sativa, sub-species falcuta legumes and Hippophae rhamnoides as shrubs for grassland improvement have been recommended. In the Second zone-Western plains and Kaccha Peninsula, hot and with desert and saline soils- Cenchrus ciliaris, C.setigerus (Sandy plain). Lasiurus scindicus (Sandy interdunal plains), panicum turgidum (sand dunes) chloris gayana, sporobolus marginatus (salt affected lands) grasses, legumes – Cassia rotundifolia, Acacia nilotca, A.tortilis, Albizia lebbeck, Ailanthus excelsa,Dichrostachys cinerea, Prosopis cineraria, Ziziphus nummularia, P.juliflora, Salvadora oleoides. S. Persia (saline soil) shrubs and trees are suitable. For Deccan plateau, hot and with red and black soils third important agro-ecological region grasses Andropogon gayanus, Chrysopogon fulvus (red soil), Dichanthium annulatum, Bothriochloa intermedia (black soil); legume Clitoria ternatea, Stylosanthes hamata, S.scabra and shrub/trees Acacia nilotica, Albizia amara, A.lebbeck, Desmanthus virgatus, Leucaena leucocephala, Tamarindus indica are found productive.