Theme 2: Forage--Oral Sessions

Description

Stockpiling cool season grass for grazing in the fall and winter is an option to extend the grazing season. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of yield and quality by adding urea, urea with Agrotain®, and ammonium sulfate to cool season grasses, primarily fescue and orchardgrass. This was the third year of the three location study in Southeast Ohio. Each location had a randomized complete block design with four treatments (control, 112 kg urea ha-1, 112 kg urea ha-1 plus Agrotain®, and 245.5 kg ammonium sulfate ha-1) and four replications of each treatment. The application date was August 6, 2018 and the plots were harvested on November 4, 2018. There were no statistical differences in crude protein, acid detergent fiber, and total digestible nutrients (CP, ADF, and TDN) (P < 0.05). There were significant differences in yield between the control and all the treatments, but not within the treatments. The three-site average for the control was 2682 kg/ha-1; urea, 3431 kg/ha-1; urea+Agrotain®, 3855 kg/ha-1; and ammonium sulfate, 3468 kg/ha-1. Rainfall in the first 30 days from trial initiation in 2018 ranged from 8.15 to 9.47 cm, and the first significant rainfall (0.28-0.64 cm) was within 30 hours of initiation. This was the third and final year of this study and year three results continue to indicate that adding nitrogen increases yields.

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Nitrogen Options to Increase Yields for Stockpiling Cool Season Grass in Eastern Ohio, USA

Stockpiling cool season grass for grazing in the fall and winter is an option to extend the grazing season. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of yield and quality by adding urea, urea with Agrotain®, and ammonium sulfate to cool season grasses, primarily fescue and orchardgrass. This was the third year of the three location study in Southeast Ohio. Each location had a randomized complete block design with four treatments (control, 112 kg urea ha-1, 112 kg urea ha-1 plus Agrotain®, and 245.5 kg ammonium sulfate ha-1) and four replications of each treatment. The application date was August 6, 2018 and the plots were harvested on November 4, 2018. There were no statistical differences in crude protein, acid detergent fiber, and total digestible nutrients (CP, ADF, and TDN) (P < 0.05). There were significant differences in yield between the control and all the treatments, but not within the treatments. The three-site average for the control was 2682 kg/ha-1; urea, 3431 kg/ha-1; urea+Agrotain®, 3855 kg/ha-1; and ammonium sulfate, 3468 kg/ha-1. Rainfall in the first 30 days from trial initiation in 2018 ranged from 8.15 to 9.47 cm, and the first significant rainfall (0.28-0.64 cm) was within 30 hours of initiation. This was the third and final year of this study and year three results continue to indicate that adding nitrogen increases yields.