Theme 1: Rangeland/Grassland Ecology--Oral Sessions

This collection is currently under construction.

The XXIV International Grassland Congress / XI International Rangeland Congress (Sustainable Use of Grassland and Rangeland Resources for Improved Livelihoods) takes place virtually from October 25 through October 29, 2021.
Proceedings edited by the National Organizing Committee of 2021 IGC/IRC Congress
Published by the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization

XXIV International Grassland Congress /
XI International Rangeland Congress:
Rangeland/Grassland Ecology--Oral Sessions

C3 Perennial Grass Dominates Mixed C3/C4 Grasslands After Invasion by a C3 Woody Sprouter

C. E. Cooper, Texas Tech University
R. J. Ansley, Oklahoma State University
T. J. Steffens, West Texas A&M University
D. B. Murray, Tarleton State University
T. Zhang, Texas A&M AgriLife Research

Collaborative Construction of a Method that Contributes to Improve the Decision Making in Associative Ranches by Controlling the Grass Allowance in a Context of Climate Variability

Emilio Duarte Esteves, Instituto Plan Agropecuario, Uruguay
Rómulo Cesar, Instituto Plan Agropecuario, Uruguay
Javier Fernández, Instituto Plan Agropecuario, Uruguay
Marcelo Ghelfi, Instituto Plan Agropecuario, Uruguay
Valentina Herrera, Instituto Plan Agropecuario, Uruguay
Virginia Caravia, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria, Uruguay
Rodrigo Iribarne, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria, Uruguay
Federico de Brum, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria, Uruguay
Héctor Rodríguez, Instituto Nacional de Colonización, Uruguay
Marcelo Pereira Machín, Instituto Plan Agropecuario, Uruguay

Identifying Land Use Options for Networked Māori Owned Land Blocks to Deliver on Collective Aspirations in New Zealand

N. McCrossin, AgResearch, New Zealand
F. A. Walker, AgResearch, New Zealand
M. E. Wedderburn, AgResearch, New Zealand
R. Mato, AgResearch, New Zealand
W. McMillan, AgResearch, New Zealand

Livestock Policy in Special Areas, Alberta, Canada

P. L. Strankman, Barbwire Communications, Canada

Rangeland in Marajó Island, Brazilian Amazon, a Long History of Commons for Small-Breeders

T. Barbosa, CIRAD, France
M. Opplert, CIRAD, France
R. Folhes, Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Brazil
S. Carvalho, Universidade Federal do Pará, Brazil
Jean François Tourrand, CIRAD, France

Effects of Herding on Rangeland Use Efficiency in Kenya

A. Seidel, University of Hohenheim, Germany
F. Asch, University of Hohenheim, Germany
B. Warth, University of Hohenheim, Germany

Bee-Friendly Beef: Developing Biodiverse Pastures to Increase Ecosystem Services

J. Wagner, Virginia Tech
S. Ghajar, Virginia Tech
M. O’Rourke, U.S. Department of Agriculture
B. Tracy, Virginia Tech

Characterization of Degree of Eco-restoration by Tree-Grass Interaction in Degraded Lands of Semi-Arid Tropics

R. V. Kumar, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
A. Ghosh, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
A. K. Singh, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
Sunil Kumar, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
A. K. Roy, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
Kamini Gautam, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India

Counteracting Green Alder Shrub Expansion by Low-Input Grazing

M. K. Schneider, Agroscope, Switzerland
T. Zehnder, Agroscope, Switzerland
J. Berard, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
C. Pauler, Agroscope, Switzerland
M. Staudinger, Agroscope, Switzerland
Michael Kreuzer, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
A. Lüscher, Agroscope, Switzerland

Rangeland Management in a Changing World – Active and Passive Restoration Case Studies from Ethiopia, Tanzania, and South Africa

A. C. Treydte, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science Technology, Tanzania
S. A. Baumgartner, University of Hohenheim, Germany
S. K. Tuffa, Oromia Agricultural Research Centre, Ethiopia
A. A. Abdeta, Oromia Agricultural Research Centre, Ethiopia

Ecorestore: Decision Support System to Restore the Productivity of Degraded Rangelands in Southern Africa

Klaus Kellner, North-West University, South Africa
Dirk Pretorius, SMC Synergy, South Africa
C. Marais, Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, South Africa

Enhanced Grazing Management Assessment Using Drone-Based Lidar Measurements

V. W. Temu, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University
W. C. Hession, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University
P. Sforza, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University
H. Wang, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University

Effects of Parthenium hysterophorus on Grassland Community in Nyando Sub-County, Kisumu County, Kenya

B. M. Mutua, Laikipia University, Kenya
W. Chiuri, Laikipia University, Kenya

Exploring Drivers of Invasiveness of the Plant Species Senna obtusifolia in Rangelands to Secure Forage Production in West Africa

O. Ouédraogo, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso
A. Zaré, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso
C. Bougma, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso
S. Kambou, National Center of Forest Seed, Burkina Faso
A. Linstädter, University of Potsdam, Germany

Effects of Thinning Density on Soil Water Content of Alfalfa and David Peach Intercropping in the Hilly Loess Plateau, China

Z. X. Chen, Lanzhou University, China
X. L. Yang, Lanzhou University, China
G. H. Wang, Lanzhou University, China
Yuying Shen, Lanzhou University, China

Climate Variability in the Woodbush Granite Grasslands of South Africa: Effects on Grassland Diversity

M. Muller, North-West University, South Africa
F. Siebert, North-West University, South Africa
A. Linstädter, University of Potsdam, Germany
D. I. Thompson, South African Environmental Observation Network, South Africa
S. J. Siebert, North-West University, South Africa

Plant Root Mass Fraction Response to Soil Resource Limitation in the Context of Dry Mediterranean Rangeland

Guy Dovrat, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel

Rangeland Rehydration: Collaboration between Land Managers, Government and Private Experts

P. Theakston, Western Local Land Services, Australia
H. J. R. Pringle, Ecosystem Management Understanding, Australia
L. Mashford

Carbon and Nitrogen Pools in Soil Aggregates Were Affected by Grazing Component ---- Results from Dry and Wet Sieving Methods

N. Liu, China Agricultural University, China
Y. Q. Wei, China Agricultural University, China
Y. Pang, China Agricultural University, China
B. Wei, China Agricultural University, China
Y. J. Zhang, China Agricultural University, China

Germinable Soil Seed Bank of Bothriochloa macra Dominated Pasture in South-Eastern Australia

M. L. Mitchell, Agriculture Victoria, Australia
J. M. Virgona, Graminus Consulting, Australia
A. Durling, Agriculture Victoria, Australia
F. W. Dempsey, Agriculture Victoria, Australia

Choosy Grazers and Plant Communities – Interactions between Cattle Breeds and Vegetation in Semi-Natural Pastures

C. M. Pauler, Agroscope, Switzerland
Johannes Isselstein, Georg-Agust-Universität, Germany
J. Berard, Agroscope, Switzerland
T. Braunbeck, Ruprecht-Karls-University, Germany
M. K. Schneider, Agroscope, Switzerland

Mongolian Rangelands Have a Great Potential for Natural Recovery

Bulgamaa Densambuu, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Mongolia
Sumjidmaa Sainnemekh, Mongolian National Federation of Pasture User Groups, Mongolia
Brandon T. Bestelmeyer, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Budbaatar Ulambayar, Mongolian National Federation of Pasture User Groups, Mongolia
Burmaa Dashbal, Mongolian National Federation of Pasture User Groups, Mongolia
Erdenetsetseg Baasandai, National Agency for Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring, Mongolia

Livestock Corridors Working as Pollinator Refuges and Dispersal Hotspots: Lessons from Spain

P. Manzano, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
A. García-Fernández, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain
J. Seoane, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
F. M. Azcárate, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
J. M. Iriondo, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain
B. Peco, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain

Grasses and Ruminants That Will Help Save Space Ship Earth

A. M. Craig, Oregon State University
L. L. Blythe, Oregon State University

GróLind – Sustainable Land Use Based on Ecological Knowledge

B. Marteinsdóttir, Soil Conservation Service of Iceland, Iceland
E. F. Þórarinsdóttir, Soil Conservation Service of Iceland, Iceland
G. Halldórsson, Soil Conservation Service of Iceland, Iceland
J. H. Stefánsson, Soil Conservation Service of Iceland, Iceland
J. Þórsson, Soil Conservation Service of Iceland, Iceland
K. Svavarsdóttir, Soil Conservation Service of Iceland, Iceland
R. Finnsdóttir, Soil Conservation Service of Iceland, Iceland
S. Jónsdóttir, Soil Conservation Service of Iceland, Iceland

Indian Forage Scenario – Region Wise Availability and Deficit

A. K. Roy, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
Rajiv K. Agrawal, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
N. R. Bhardwaj, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
Asim Kumar Misra, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
S. K. Mahanta, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India

Pre- and Post-Degradation Management of Rangelands: Implications for Sustainable Management

S. K. Tuffa, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Ethiopia
A. C. Treydte, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science Technology, Tanzania

Fighting Wildfire with Prescribed Fire in the Southern Great Plains, USA: Liability, Regulatory and Social Factors

Urs P. Kreuter, Texas A&M University
M. L. Treadwell, Texas A&M University
C. L. Wonkka, U.S. Department of Agriculture
D. Toledo, U.S. Department of Agriculture
D. L. Stroman, Collin College
D. Twidwell, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Hydraulic Responses of Shrubs and Grasses to Fire Frequency and Drought in a Tallgrass Prairie Experiencing Bush Encroachment

K. O’Keefe, University of Wyoming
R. Keen, Kansas State University
E. Tooley, Kansas State University
S. Bachle, Kansas State University
J. B. Nippert, Kansas State University
K. McCulloh, University of Wisconsin

Influence of Seasonality and Agricultural Practices on Soil Microbes in Kamishihoro, Japan

Y. Madegwa, Hokkaido University, Japan
Y. Uchida, Hokkaido University, Japan

Soil Carbon Stocks Are Stable under New Zealand Hill Country Pastures with Contrasting Phosphorus and Sheep Stocking Regimes

Ronaldo Vibart, AgResearch, New Zealand
Alec D. Mackay, AgResearch, New Zealand
C. McKenzie, AgResearch, New Zealand
Brian Devantier, AgResearch, New Zealand
Des A. Costall, AgResearch, New Zealand
E. Noakes, AgResearch, New Zealand
F. Bilotto, AgResearch, New Zealand

Soil Organic Carbon and Total Nitrogen Stock Response to Traditional Enclosure Management in Eastern Ethiopia

Mohammed Abdulahi, Madda Walabu University, Ethiopia
Abule Ebro, International Livestock Research Institute, Ethiopia
Lisanework Nigatu, Haramaya University, Ethiopia

Rejuvenation of Rangelands – Role of Diversity and Improvement Strategies of Range Grasses

A. K. Roy, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
D. R. Malaviya, Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, India
P. Kaushal, National Institute of Biotic Stress Management, India

Status and Distribution of Range Plants Genetic Resources in Al Sabaloga Biosphere Conservation Area, Sudan

Salma Abdelghaffar Hassan Alamin, The National Center for Research, Sudan
Hala Ahamed Hassan, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan

Multifunctionality of Sown Grassland Is Enhanced by Combining Four Complementary Species

M. Suter, Agroscope, Switzerland
O. Huguenin-Elie, Agroscope, Switzerland
Andreas Lüscher, Agroscope, Switzerland

Lowveld Savanna Bush Cutting Alters Tree-Grass Interactions

E. R. Wedel, Kansas State University
J. B. Nippert, Kansas State University
A. M. Swemmer, South African Environmental Observation Network, South Africa

Modelling Catchment-Scale Evapotranspiration and Net Primary Production in Sub-Humid African Grasslands: Towards Understanding Carbon and Water Trade-Offs in Communal Rangelands

A. R. Palmer, Rhodes University, South Africa
Z. Munch
L. Vermeulen, Stellenbosch University, South Africa

Positive Changes in Regional Vegetation Cover in Patagonia Shown by MARAS Monitoring System

Gabriel E. Oliva, INTA, Argentina
J. Gaitan, INTA, Argentina

Prescribed Fire Plus Grazing Horses: A Sustainable Model to Decrease Fire Hazard in a Mountain Landscape

F. Torres-Manso, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal
R. Pinto, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal
A. Marta-Costa, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal
P. Fernandes, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal
M. Fernandes, Centro de Estudos de Geografia e Ordenamento do Território, Portugal

Range Condition Classification Based on Quantitative Characteristics of Vegetation

Nafiseh Fakhar, University of Tehran, Iran
Mansour Mesdaghi, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Kamal Naseri, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

Short-Term Dry Season Forage Monitoring in Rangelands and Savannas of West Africa

J. Y. Anchang, New Mexico State University
C. W. Ross, Tall Timbers Research Station
W. Ji, New Mexico State University
Q. Yu, New Mexico State University
B. Lind, New Mexico State University
L. Prihodko, New Mexico State University
N. P. Hanan, New Mexico State University

Visual Assessment of Soil Structure as an Early Indicator of Soil Quality in Response to Intensive Rotational Grazing

N. Teutscherova, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic
E. Vazquez, University of Bayreuth, Germany
D. Baquero, Centro de Negocios Ganaderos, Colombia
N. E. Velasquez-Ruiz, Never+SAS, Colombia
M. Pulleman, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, Colombia
Jacobo Arango, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, Colombia

Woody Plant Species Composition and Diversity in Rusinga Island, Homa Bay County, Kenya

M. N. Nyaga, University of Nairobi, Kenya
S. M. Mureithi, University of Nairobi, Kenya
V. O. Wasonga, University of Nairobi, Kenya
O. K. Koech, University of Nairobi, Kenya

Collective Approach of Rural Development: Case Study of “Maronna Foundation” in the Pampa Bioma, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Adriana Ferreira da Costa Vargas, Fundação Maronna, Brazil
Vicente Celestino Pires Silveira, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil