Track 1-11: Advances in Forage Conservation to Improve Quality

The 22nd International Grassland Congress (Revitalising Grasslands to Sustain Our Communities) took place in Sydney, Australia from September 15 through September 19, 2013.
Proceedings Editors: David L. Michalk, Geoffrey D. Millar, Warwick B. Badgery, and Kim M. Broadfoot
Publisher: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry, Kite St., Orange New South Wales, Australia

22nd International Grassland Congress Theme 1:
Improving Production Efficiency to Revitalise Grasslands:
Forage Quality, Conservation and Utilization:
Advances in Forage Conservation to Improve Quality

Challenges and Solutions for Forage Conservation for Small and Large Enterprises

M. Goto, Mie University, Japan
H. Kawamoto, NARO, Japan
H. Matsuyama, NARO, Japan
Ryuichi Uegaki, NARO, Japan

Novel Results on the Formation of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in Silages

Kirsten Weiss, Humboldt Universität Berlin, Germany
Horst Auerbach, ADDCON EUROPE GmbH, Germany

Lessons from Silage Adoption Studies in Honduras

Christoph Reiber, University of Hohenheim, Germany
Rainer Schultze-Kraft, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, Colombia
Michael Peters, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, Colombia
Volker Hoffmann, University of Hohenheim, Germany

High-Sugar Alfalfa for Dairy Cows

Robert Berthiaume, Valacta, Canada
Andre F. Brito, University of New Hampshire
Gaëtan F. Tremblay, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Gilles Bélanger, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Carole Lafrenière, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Annick Bertrand, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Yves Castonguay, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Réal Michaud, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Guy Allard, Université Laval, Canada

Using Fermented Juice of Epiphytic Lactic Acid Bacteria (FJLB) and Molasses to Improve Digestibility and Rumen Fermentation Characteristics of Ruzigrass Silage Fed to Dairy Cows

Smerjai Bureenok, Rajamangala University of Technology Isan, Thailand
Chalermpon Yuangklang, Rajamangala University of Technology Isan, Thailand
Kraisit Vasupen, Rajamangala University of Technology Isan, Thailand

Effects of Chemical Additives on Whole-Crop Maize Silage Traits

Horst Auerbach, ADDCON EUROPE GmbH, Germany
Elisabet Nadeau, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

α-Tocopherol and β-Carotene Concentrations in Legume-Grass Mixtures as Affected by Wilting and Ensiling

Elisabet Nadeau, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Hanna Lindqvist, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Søren Krogh Jensen, Aarhus University, Denmark

Silage Inoculants Improves Quality and Aerobic Stability in Grass, Clover-Grass and Lucerne Silage

Jonas Jatkauskas, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
Vilma Vrotniakiene, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
Christer Ohlsson, Chr-Hansen, Denmark
Bente Lund, Chr-Hansen, Denmark

Improving Lucerne Forage Quality and Utilization by Using Novel Silage Inoculant

Vilma Vrotniakiene, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
Jonas Jatkauskas, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania

Quality of Baled Grass-Clover Silage as Affected by Additives and Harvest Methods

Elisabet Nadeau, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Ola Hallin, The Rural Economy and Agricultural Society Sjuhärad, Sweden
Horst Auerbach, ADDCON EUROPE GmbH, Germany
John Jakobsson, ADDCON NORDIC AS, Norway
Annika Arnesson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

Effects of Lactic Acid Bacteria on the Quality of Achnatherum splendens Silage

Y. L. Xue, Inner Mongolia Agricultural and Animal Sciences College, China
G. M. Yin, Inner Mongolia Agricultural and Animal Sciences College, China
H. P. Zhao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural and Animal Sciences College, China
Q. Z. Sun, Inner Mongolia Agricultural and Animal Sciences College, China
Zhu Yu, China Agricultural University, China
C. S. Bai, Shenyang Agricultural University, China

Winter Crop Evaluation for Silage and Forage Quality in Korea

J. D. Kim, Cheonan Yonam College, South Korea
H. W. Lee, Korea National Open University, South Korea
J. K. Lee, Foundation of Agri. Tech Commercialization, South Korea
J. K. Kim, Mok Won Co., South Korea
C. H. Kwon, Kyungpook National University, South Korea

The Effect of Additives on Mixed Silage Quality of Sugar Beet and Corn Stalks

Qizhong Sun, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Hongmei Wang, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Effect of the Ratio of Materials Used in Fermented Total Mixed Ration on the Aerobic Stability of the TMR Compared with a Mixed-Silage

C. S. Bai, China Agricultural University, China
Y. L. Xue, Inner Mongolia Agricultural and Animal Sciences College, China
Zhu Yu, China Agricultural University, China
H. D. Fu, Shenyang Agricultural University, China
J. P. Tan, China Agricultural University, China
Qing Zhang, China Agricultural University, China

Effects of Additives on the Quality of Leymus chinensis Silage

J. J. Sun, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences, China
Zhu Yu, China Agricultural University, Chiina
Y. L. Xue, Inner Mongolia Agricultural and Animal Sciences College, China
C. S. Bai, Shenyang Agricultural University, China

Impact of Grazing on the Silage Yield of Forage Oat Crops

Keith G. Pembleton, University of Tasmania, Australia
Matthew T. Harrison, University of Tasmania, Australia
Richard P. Rawnsley, University of Tasmania, Australia

Nutritive Quality of Hay and Silage from Natural Grazing Land in South Western Nigeria

Victoria O. A. Ojo, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Alaba O. Jolaosho, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Oluwasanmi M. Arigbede, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Peter A. Dele, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Samson A. Adeoye, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Ronke Y. Aderinboye, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Oluwaseun J. Idowu, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Oludotun O. Adelusi, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria

Effect of Adding Functional Lactic Acid Bacteria at Ensiling on the Fermentation Quality and Nutritive Value of Oat Silage

Kohei Takahashi, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan
Keigo Asano, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan
Takashi Koyanagi, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan
Motohiko Ishida, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan

A Bayesian Model of Pasture Curing

Helen G. Daily, University of Tasmania, Australia
Ross Corkrey, University of Tasmania, Australia

A Lactic Acid Bacterium Isolated from Grass in Native Grassland in Northern China

Qing Zhang, China Agricultural University, China
Zhu Yu, China Agricultural University, China
Jipeng Tian, China Agricultural University, China
Xujiao Li, China Agricultural University, China
Yu Wang, China Agricultural University, China

Effect of Associations of Additives on pH and NDF in Sugar Cane Silages (Saccharum officinarum)

C. A. da Silva, Federal Institute of Minas Gerais, Brazil
A. A. R. Athayde, Federal Institute of Minas Gerais, Brazil
A. O. Ribeiro, Unilavras, Brazil
A. R. Evangelista, Federal University Vale Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Brazil
P. C. Leite, Federal Institute of Minas Gerais, Brazil
A. C. A. F. F. Paula, Federal Institute of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Increased Sugar Concentration with PM-Cutting and Wide Swathing Improves Alfalfa Silage Fermentation

Gaëtan F. Tremblay, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Chantale Morin, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Gilles Bélanger, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Annick Bertrand, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Yves Castonguay, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Réal Michaud, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Robert Berthiaume, Valacta, Canada
Guy Allard, Université Laval, Canada

The Effect on Long-Chain Fatty Acids in Lucerne Silage with Jujube Powder and Lactobacillus plantarum

Zhu Yu, China Agricultural University, China
Yu Wang, China Agricultural University, China
Jipeng Tian, China Agricultural University, China
Xujiao Li, China Agricultural University, China
Qing Zhang, China Agricultural University, China

Characterization and Identification of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Silage Prepared in Lao PDR

Yimin Cai, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan
Huili Pang, Zhengzhou University, China
Viengsakoun Napasirth, National University of Laos, Lao

Forage Intake and Nitrogen Retention in Wethers Fed Ryegrass Haylage Supplemented with Maize Silage

João G. R. Almeida, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Henrique M. N. Ribeiro Filho, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Ederson A. de Andrade, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Gabriela C. Guzatti, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Paulo G. Duchini, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Gutierri T. Raupp, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Fabiana R. Ramos, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Rémy Delagarde, INRA, France

Effect of Lactobacillus plantarum on Fermentation Quality of Alfalfa Silages Mixed with Different Proportions of Jujube Powder

Jipeng Tian, China Agricultural University, China
Zhu Yu, China Agricultural University, China
Zhongkuan Liu, Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, China
Zhenyu Liu, Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, China
Qing Zhang, China Agricultural University, China
Xujiao Li, China Agricultural University, China
Yu Wang, China Agricultural University, China

Effect of Using Additives at Ensiling on the Fermentation Quality of Common Reed (Phragmites communis Trin.) Silage

Keigo Asano, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan
Ayako Araie, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan
Riri Koike, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan
Kohei Takahashi, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan
Tatsuya Madachi, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan
Motohiko Ishida, Ishikawa Prefectural University, Japan

Lactobacillus buchneri and Storage Periods Affect the Fermentation Profile and Aerobic Stability of Corn Silage

Adir de Sá Neto, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Maity Zopollatto, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Álvaro Wosniask Bispo, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Daniel Junges, University of São Paulo, Brazil
João Luiz Pratti Daniel, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Mateus Castilho Santos, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Luiz Gustavo Nussio, University of São Paulo, Brazil

Chemical Composition and Fermentation Profile of Perennial Peanut and Marandu Grass Mixed Silages

Karina G. Ribeiro, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Françoise M. Gomes, Federal University of Valleys Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, Brazil
Odilon G. Pereira, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Sebastião de C. Valadares Filho, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Thiago C. da Silva, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Vanessa P. da Silva, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Regina S. Santos, Federal University of Valleys Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, Brazil
Mariele C. N. Agarussi, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil

Ruminal Fermentation of Sheep Fed Corn Silage Inoculated with Microbial Additives

Ricardo A. Reis, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
F. C. Basso, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
C. H. S. Rabelo, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
E. C. Lara, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
P. A. R. Salvo, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
J. V. Yamaguchi, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
T. T. Berchielli, Sao Paulo Research Foundation, Brazil

Intake and Digestibility of Nutrients of Corn and Stylosanthes Silages in Diets for Sheep

Thiago C. da Silva, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Odilon G. Pereira, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Mariele C. N. Agarussi, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Vanessa P. da Silva, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Lucas L. Cardoso, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Leandro D. da Silva, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Karina G. Ribeiro, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Sebastião de C. Valadares Filho, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil

Performance of Beef Cattle Fed Diets Containing Stylosanthes and Corn Silages

Thiago C. da Silva, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Odilon G. Pereira, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Mariele C. N. Agarussi, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Rafael M. Martins, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Paula G. F. Duarte, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Douglas R. da Costa, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Karina G. Ribeiro, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Sebastião de C. Valadares Filho, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil

Pelletized Forage-Based Rations as Alternative Feeds for Improving Goat Productivity

E. A. Orden, Central Luzon State University, Philippines
E. M. Cruz, Central Luzon State University, Philippines
A. N. Espino, Central Luzon State University, Philippines
Z. M. Battad, Pampanga Agricultural College, Philippines
R. G. Reyes, Central Luzon State University, Philippines
M. E. M. Orden, Central Luzon State University, Philippines
N. O. Frias, Central Luzon State University, Philippines
A. G. Gibe, PhilMECH, Philippines
N. A. Del Rosario, Central Luzon State University, Philippines
E. C. Villar, Philippines Council for Agriculture & Aquatic Resources Research & Development, Philippines

Changes to the Fermentative Profiles of Pioneiro Grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) and Maize Silages in Different Mixtures after Aerobic Stability

Eduardo R. Scherer, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Tiago M. Santos, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Diana R. Vivian, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
José A. Freitas, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Kátia F. Gobbi, Agricultural Institute of Paraná, Brazil
Américo F. Garcez Neto, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil

Total Accumulative Losses during the Fermentation of Pioneiro Grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) Silages with Addition of Whole Plant Maize and Maize Grain

Cassiano L. B. Pasa, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Lucas Leffers Neto, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Tiago M. Santos, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
José A. Freitas, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Kátia F. Gobbi, Agricultural Institute of Paraná, Brazil
Américo F. Garcez Neto, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil

Losses and Dry Matter Recovery of Pioneiro Grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) and Maize Silages in Mixtures

Tiago M. Santos, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Lucas Leffers Neto, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Bruna L. Portela, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Kátia F. Gobbi, Agricultural Institute of Paraná, Brazil
Américo F. Garcez Neto, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil

Relative Losses of Pioneiro Grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) Silage with Addition of Whole Plant Maize or Maize Grain during Fermentation

Tiago M. Santos, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Eduardo R. Scherer, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Dayanna Pastal, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Diana R. Vivian, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Kátia F. Gobbi, Agricultural Institute of Paraná, Brazil
Américo F. Garcez Neto, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil