Track 1-10

The 22rd International Grassland Congress (Revitalising Grasslands to Sustain Our Communities) took place in Sydney, Australia from September 15 through September 19, 2013.
Proceedings Editors: David L. Michalk, Geoffrey D. Millar, Warwick B. Badgery, and Kim M. Broadfoot
Publisher: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry, Kite St., Orange New South Wales, Australia

22nd International Grassland Congress Theme 1:
Improving Production Efficiency to Revitalise Grasslands:
Forage Quality, Conservation and Utilization:
Assessment and Impact of Grass and Forage Quality

Remote Sensing of Pasture Quality

Reddy R. Pullanagari, Massey University, New Zealand
Robyn A. Dynes, AgResearch, New Zealand
Warren M. King, AgResearch, New Zealand
Ian Yule, Massey University, New Zealand
Susanne Thulin, Brockmann Geomatics Sweden AB, Sweden
Nichola M. Knox, South African National Space Agency, South Africa
Abel Ramoelo, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa

Comparing Drying Protocols for Perennial Ryegrass Samples in Preparation for Chemical Analysis

Marion Beecher, Teagasc, Ireland
Deirdre Hennessy, Teagasc, Ireland
Tommy M. Boland, University College Dublin, Ireland
Michael O’Donovan, Teagasc, Ireland
Eva Lewis, Teagasc, Ireland

Variations an α-Tocopherol and β-Carotene Concentrations in Forage Legumes and Grasses Harvested at Different Sites and Maturity Stages

Elisabet Nadeau, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Hanna Lindqvist, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Søren Krogh Jensen, Aarhus University, Denmark
Nilla Nilsdotter-Linde, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Anne-Maj Gustavsson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

Trace Element Imbalance in Vegetation as a Threat to Free Ranging Cattle in the Gilgel Gibe Valley, Ethiopia

Thomas Van Hecke, Ghent University, Belgium
Veronique Dermauw, Ghent University, Belgium
Kechero Yisehak, Jimma University, Ethiopia
Gijs Du Laing, Ghent University, Belgium
Luc Duchateau, Ghent University, Belgium
Geert P. J. Janssens, Ghent University, Belgium

Potential of Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) to Predict Nutrient Composition of Bromus tomentellus

Hossein Arzani, University of Tehran, Iran
Anvar Sour, University of Tehran, Iran
Javad Motamedi, University of Urmia, Iran

Nutrition Diet of Grazing Sheep and Forage Supply on Natural Grassland

Guomei Yin, China Agricultural University, China
Yingjun Zhang, China Agricultural University, China
Yongzhi Liu, Inner Mongolia Academy of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Sciences, China
Zhijun Wei, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China
Heping Zhao, Inner Mongolia Academy of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Sciences, China

Effect of Enclosure and Open Grazing on Diet Selection, Relative Preference Index and Voluntary Intake by Sheep at El-Khuwei Locality North Kordofan State Sudan

Mohammed Abdelkreim, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan
Babo Fadlalla, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan

Evaluation of Forage Quality Indicators Using Multivariate Methods (Case Study: Rangelands of Karsanak, Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province)

Hassan Yeganeh, University of Tehran, Iran
Hossein Arzani, University of Tehran, Iran
Javad Motamedi, University of Urmia, Iran
Hamze Ali Shirmardi, Research Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources, Iran
Ehsan Zandi Esfahan, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Iran

Influence of Cutting Height on Seasonal Composition of Moringa oleifera in the Rainforest Zone of Nigeria

A. A. Fadiyimu, Federal College of Agriculture, Nigeria
J. A. Alokan, Federal University of Technolog, Nigeria
Adebowale N. Fajemisin, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
R. D. Aladesanwa, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria

Improving the Feeding Value of Dryland Lucerne in Australia

Hayley C. Norman, CSIRO, Australia
S. J. Hughes, South Australian Research and Development Institute, Australia
E. Hulm, CSIRO, Australia
Alan W. Humphries, South Australian Research and Development Institute, Australia
K. Oldach, South Australian Research and Development Institute, Australia
D. K. Revell, CSIRO, Australia
Z. Durmic, University of Western Australia, Australia
J. Vadhanabhuti, University of Western Australia, Australia
P. E. Vercoe, University of Western Australia, Australia

Dry Matter, Protein and Fibre Digestibility by West African Dwarf Sheep Fed Varying Levels of Vernonia amygdalina Meal in Cassava Starch Residue-Based Diets

O. B. Omotoso, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
Adebowale N. Fajemisin, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
J. A. Alokan, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
Y. A. Shuiabu, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria

Copper Status of Free Ranging Cattle: What’s Hidden Behind? A Pilot Study at the Gilgel Gibe Catchment, Ethiopia

Veronique Dermauw, Ghent University, Belgium
Thomas Van Hecke, Ghent University, Belgium
Kechero Yisehak, Jimma University, Ethiopia
Gijs Du Laing, Ghent University, Belgium
Eric Van Ranst, Ghent University, Belgium
Luc Duchateau, Ghent University, Belgium
Geert P. J. Janssens, Ghent University, Belgium

Mineral Content in Some Species of Leguminosae in Bandar Torkaman Plain Rangelands, Iran

Mohammadreza Tatian, University of Sari, Iran
Maedeh Yousefian, Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Iran
Reza Tamartash, University of Sari, Iran
Fatemeh Montazeri, University of Sari, Iran
Mehdi Jafari, Natural Resources Organization, Iran
Morteza Shaabani, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran

Improving Forage Nonstructural Carbohydrates through Management and Breeding

Gilles Bélanger, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Gaëtan F. Tremblay, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Annick Bertrand, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Yves Castonguay, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Robert Berthiaume, Valacta, Canada
Réal Michaud, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Sophie Pelletier, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Chantale Morin, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Carole Lafrenière, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Guy Allard, Université Laval, Canada

Development of New Functional Feed that Utilizes Yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) and Rush (Juncus effuses L.) in Japan

Akiko Koike, Akita Prefectural University, Japan
Shin Yasuda, Tokai University, Japan
Ryoji Nagai, Tokai University, Japan
Chinobu Okamoto, Tokai University, Japan
Takahiro Nikki, Tokai University, Japan
Keiji Igoshi, Tokai University, Japan
Rajeev Pradhan, Tokai University, Japan
Masateru Ono, Tokai University, Japan
Kiyotaka Kabata, Tokai University, Japan

Evaluation of Internal Markers for Estimating Duodenal Digesta Flow in Ruminants: Acid Detergent Fibre and Lignin Disappearance at the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract

Gilberto V. Kozloski, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Francisco R. Mesquita, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Tiago P. Alves, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Thais R. Longo, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Mariana P. Mezzomo, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Filipe Zanferari, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil

Evaluation of Acid Detergent Fibre, Sulphuric Acid Lignin and N-Alkanes as Markers for Estimating Ruminal Digestibility in Cattle

Gilberto V. Kozloski, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Francisco R. Mesquita, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Tiago P. Alves, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Cristiano M. Stefanello, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Lisandre de Oliveira, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Teresa C. M. Genro, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Effect of Defoliation Management on Expression of the ‘High Sugar’ Cultivar Trait in Tasmania

Lydia R. Turner, University of Tasmania, Australia
Daniel J. Donaghy, Massey University, New Zealand
Keith G. Pembleton, University of Tasmania, Australia
Richard P. Rawnsley, University of Tasmania, Australia

Forage Nutritive Value Changes in a Stratified Canopy of a Mixed Cool-Season Grass Sward Affected by Season

Renata L. Nave, University of Tennessee
Reuben M. Sulc, The Ohio State University
David J. Barker, The Ohio State University

Quality and Vitamins in Forage Herb and Legume Species

Anjo Elgersma
Karen Søegaard, Aarhus University, Denmark
Søren Krogh Jensen, Aarhus University, Denmark

Forage Quality Characteristics of Lotus tenuis, Narrow-Leaf Birdsfoot Trefoil

Adam D. Langworthy, University of Tasmania, Australia
Peter A. Lane, University of Tasmania, Australia
David Parsons, University of Tasmania, Australia
Eric Hall, University of Tasmania, Australia

Morning and Afternoon Sampling and Herbage Chemical Composition of Rotationally Stocked Elephant Grass cv. Napier

Laiz P. de Oliveira, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
Adenilson J. Paiva, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
Lilian E. T. Peireira, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
Eliana V. Geremia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
Sila C. Da Silva, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil

Effect of Cultivar on Yield, Chemical Composition and British Thermal Unit Content of Three Switchgrass (Panicum Virgatum L.) Cultivars

Kyung I. Sung, Kangwon National University, South Korea
Jalil G. Nejad, Kangwon National University, South Korea
Bae H. Lee, Kangwon National University, South Korea
Do H. Ji, Kangwon National University, South Korea
Jing L. Peng, Kangwon National University, South Korea
Byong W. Kim, Kangwon National University, South Korea

Estimating Crude Protein Concentration of a Grass Sward Using Spectral Measurements

Joseph L. Moyer, Kansas State University
Chuyuan Wang, Kansas State University
Bohua Ling, Kansas State University
Kevin P. Price, Kansas State University

Forage Quality Indices of Some Important Grass Species of Iranian Rangelands

Hossein Arzani, University of Tehran, Iran
Javad Motamedi, University of Urmia, Iran
Mohammad Ali Zarechahouki, University of Tehran, Iran

Mineral Composition of Brachiaria brizantha cv. MG5 Irrigated and Non-Irrigated Subjected to Grazing

Rita C. R. Carvalho, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil
Wellington W. Rocha, Universidade Federal do Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Brazil
Bruno S. Pires, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil
Luziney D. Silva, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil
César T. Piza, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil
Paulo R. V. Leite, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil
Eliel A. Ferreira, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil

A Comparison of Fermentation Kinetics in the Rumen of Grazing Sheep on a Dwarf Bamboo Pasture and a Grass Pasture

Masato Yayota, Gifu University, Japan
Noriya Tanaka, Gifu University, Japan
Kazuya Doi, Gifu University, Japan
Shigeru Ohtani, Gifu University, Japan

Use of N-Alkanes to Estimate the Intake of Beef Heifers on Natural Grassland in Southern Brazil

Teresa C. M. Genro, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Júlio K. Da Trindade, FEPAGRO, Brazil
Paulo C. de F. Carvalho, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Daily Faecal Excretion of Alkane C32 in Beef Cattle Females Grazing Natural Grasslands in Southern Brazil and in Uruguay

Teresa C. M. Genro, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Carolina Bremm, Agricultural and Livestock Research Foundation, Brazil
Júlio K. Da Trindade, FEPAGRO, Brazil
Alexandre C. Varella, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Pablo Soca, Universidad de la República, Uruguay

Effect of Plant Density on Yield and Forage Quality of Corn for Silage

Lorena Machinandiarena, Avda. Mitre S/N, Argentina
Jonatan Camarasa, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
Pablo Barletta, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
Jorge O. Scheneiter, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina

Fatty Acid Profile of Elephant Grass Pastures with Different Grazing Heights

Kamila M. Dias, Santa Catarina State University, Brazil
Giselle R. Rodolfo, Santa Catarina State University, Brazil
Daniel Schmitt, Santa Catarina State University, Brazil
Raphael S. Pereira, Santa Catarina State University, Brazil
Guilherme N. Camargo, Santa Catarina State University, Brazil
Francisco C. Deschamps, EPAGRI, Brazil
Andre F. Sbrissia, Santa Catarina State University, Brazil

Use of N-Alkane Technique to Estimate Sheep Dry Matter Intake

Glaucia A. Amaral, FEPAGRO, Brazil
Teresa C. M. Genro, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Armindo B. Neto, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Jean V. Savian, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Diego B. de David, FEPAGRO, Brazil
Eduardo B. Azevedo, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Felipe Jochims, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Paulo C. de F. Carvalho, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Forage Quality and Defoliation Interval in Tall Fescue Cultivars

Mónica G. Agnusdei, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
Juan Ramón Insúa, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
Oscar Norberto Di Marco, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina

Pastures in Production Management in Madagascar

Isabelle H. Hantanirina, Université d’Antananarivo, Madagascar
Jean de N. Rakotozandriny, Université d’Antananarivo, Madagascar

Fibre Quality in Timothy, Festulolium and Tall Fescue around First Cut

Magnus A. Halling, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

Application of NIRS in Nutrient Composition Evaluation of Lathyrus sativus

Yanpei Wu, Lanzhou University, China
Yanrong Wang, Lanzhou University, China