Track 09-3: Livestock Production Systems

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

Changing Farm Livestock and Grassland Management to Improve Profitability and Sustainability in Sunan County, Gansu Province, China

Z. F. Ma, Gansu Agricultural University, China
J. P. Wu, Gansu Agricultural University, China
R. Jones, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
David L. Michalk, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
David R. Kemp, Charles Sturt University, Australia
T. Takahashi, Charles Sturt University, Australia

Economical Analysis of Sheep Meat Production Systems in Tropical and Temperate Pastures of the Southern Region of Brazil

C. S. de Barros, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil
Alda L. G. Monteiro, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil
Cesar H. E. C. Poli, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
J. R. Dittrich, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil
Maria Angela M. Fernandes, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil

Comparative Performance of Friesian‐Sahiwal Crossbreds and Sahiwal Steers on Naivasha Stargrass in Kenya

W. B. Muhuyi, National Animal Husbandry Research Centre, Kenya
T. Muasya, National Animal Husbandry Research Centre, Kenya
S. N. Ole Sinkeet, National Animal Husbandry Research Centre, Kenya

The Effect of Variable Climatic Conditions on Animal Production in a Semi‐Arid Communal Farming System in South Africa

M. Naidoo, University of Cape Town, South Africa
M. T. Hoffman, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Nicky Allsopp, University of the Western Cape, South Africa

Spatial Distribution of Forage Intake by Grazing Beef Cows on an Alpine Pasture in Japan

M. Nakano, Gifu University, Japan
Masato Yayota, Gifu University, Japan
R. Tamai, Gifu University, Japan
Shigeru Ohtani, Gifu University, Japan

Analysis on Factors Affecting Alfalfa Survival of Overwintering Seedlings in the East of Southern Daxinganling, China

Baojun Ning, The Grassland Station in Balinzuoqi, China
Yulan Zhang, The Grassland Station in Balinzuoqi, China

Use of Intensive Fodder Banks with Hybrid Napier Co‐3Grass for Smallholder Dairy Production Systems in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka

G. G. C. Premalal, Veterinary Research Institute, Sri Lanka
Sujatha Premaratne, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Anil Jayawardena, Department of Animal Production & Health, Sri Lanka

Evaluation of Forages and Soils in Different Waterlogged Saline Grasslands in Western and Southern Coastal Region of Sri Lanka

Sujatha Premaratne, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
G. G. C. Premalal, Veterinary Research Institute, Sri Lanka

Seasonal Occurrence of Bovine Mastitis Causing Organisms from Grazing Land of Western Ghats, India

M. Mardhu Ramachandran, The American College, India
M. Andrew Pardeep, The American College, India
T. R. Prabha, The American College, India

Lactating Grazing Dairy Cow Performance: Influence of Chopped Fresh Maize Supplementation

M. Ramírez‐Mella, Colegio de Postgraduados, Mexico
O. Hernández‐Mendo, Colegio de Postgraduados, Mexico
R. Amendola‐Mashiotti, Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Mexico
D. G. Mendoza‐Martinez, Colegio de Postgraduados, Mexico
J. E. Ramirez‐Bibriesca, Colegio de Postgraduados, Mexico

Evaluation of Lamb Performance and Forage Quality in Rotational Grazing Systems

Yuping Rong, China Agriculture University, China
L. X. Zhao, China Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Home Range Size of Free‐Roaming Beef Suckler Cattle in the Forest

Shusuke Sato, Tohoku University, Japan
Yoshitaka Deguchi, Iwate University, Japan
Takeshi Yasue, Ibaraki University, Japan
Takami Kosako, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan

Pasture Management Reshaping Dairy Cows Grazing Behavior and Performance

A. Schmitt, University of Vermont
W. Murphy, University of Santa Catarina, Brazil

The Weight Variations of Grazing Goats and Sheep in the Desert Steppe in Winter and Spring

Y. M. Shan, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Mingjiu Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
H. J. Chen, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Zh. Y. Wu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Zh. Q. Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
X. L. Sun, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Zh. Yang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Effect of Feed Restriction on Compensatory Growth and Body Dimensions in Ujumuqin Lambs

Jiayin Song, Northeast Normal University, China
Daowei Zhou, Northeast Normal University, China
Ping Wang, Northeast Normal University, China

Evaluating Alternative Livestock Production Systems Sustainability and Farmer Income in Taipusi Banner, Inner Mongolia

Q. Tian, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China
R. Jones, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
David L. Michalk, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Geoff D. Millar, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
David R. Kemp, Charles Sturt University, Australia
Z. Xu, Academy of Agricultural Science, China
J. Xie, Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Y. Zheng, Academy of Agricultural Science, China

Prediction of Diet Quality in Mongolian Livestock with Portable near Infrared Spectroscopy Offeces

G. Tolleson, Texas A&M University
G. Udval, Mercy Corps Mongolia, Mongolia
S. Prince, Texas A&M University
K. Banik, Texas A&M University

Rotational Grazing Effects of Dairy Cows on Yield and Consumption in Dwarf Napiergrass at a Paddock Scale for 3 Years from the Establishment in Southern Kyushu, Japan

A. Wadi, Polytechnic Agriculture Negeri Pangkep, Indonesia
Yasuyuki Ishii, University of Miyazaki, Japan
H. Hasyim, University of Miyazaki, Japan
R. F. Utamy, Regional Food Security Agency, Indonesia
Sachiko Idota, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Kiichi Fukuyama, University of Miyazaki, Japan

Rotational and Continuous Grazing of Sheep in the Inner Mongolian Steppe of China

C. J. Wang, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
B. M. Tas, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
T. Glindemann, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
K. Mueller, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
A. Schiborra, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
P. Schoenbach, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
M. Gierus, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
Friedhelm Taube, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
A. Susenbeth, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany

The Change of Soil Temperature to Stocking Rate on the Stipa breviflora Desert Steppe

Jian'an Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Guodong Han, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Yajuan Jia, Inner Mongolia Academy of Forest Science, China

The Rangeland Resource Status and Its Variability in Zoige, Qinghai‐Tibetan Plateau

Qian Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Ning Wu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Peng Luo, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Relationships of Milk Production of Beef Cows to Postweaning Gain of Their Calves

X. Z. Wang, Xinjiang Agricultural Vocational and Technical University, China
Michael A. Brown, U.S. Department of Agriculture
F. Q. Gao, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
J. P. Wu, Gansu Agricultural University, China

The Effect of Climate Change on Livestock Carrying Capacity of Inner Mongolia

Yurong Wei, The Ecological and Agometeorological Centre of Inner Mongolia, China
Ruiqing Guo, The Meteorological Information Center of Inner Mongolia, China
Xuebiao Pan, China Agricultural University, China
Buju Long, China Agricultural University, China

Response of Arid Grassland Community Standing Crop to Banning Grazing and Deferral Grazing Management

Zhijun Wei, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China
Ruirui Yan, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China
Hongmei Liu, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China
Xiangjun Yun, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China

Fattening Sheep in a Warm Shed to Compensate for Energy Deficiency in Winter in North‐west China

Jianping Wu, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Zhe Liu, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Lian Yang, Gansu Agricultural University, China
David L. Michalk, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Liping Zhang, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Randall Jones, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Zhaomin Lei, Gansu Agricultural University, China

Prediction of Methane Emission of Dairy Cows Offered Fresh Grass at Maintenance Level

Tianhai Yan, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, UK
C. S. Mayne, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, UK

Lactation Performance of Murrah‐Improved Dairy Buffalo Grazing on Improved Pasture

G. R. Yang, Yunnan Beef Cattle & Pasture Research Center, China
A. K. Wang, Yunnan Beef Cattle & Pasture Research Center, China
J. C. Zhang, Yunnan Beef Cattle & Pasture Research Center, China
M. F. Fu, Yunnan Beef Cattle & Pasture Research Center, China
B. Z. Huang, Yunnan Beef Cattle & Pasture Research Center, China
X. P. Yuan, Yunnan Beef Cattle & Pasture Research Center, China
S. P. Yang, Yunnan Beef Cattle & Pasture Research Center, China

Strategic Trampling to Conserve Soil Moisture in a Namibian Rangeland

I. Zimmermann, Polytechnic of Namibia, Namibia
J. Labuschagne, Farm Weiveld, Namibia
V. K. Namupala, Polytechnic of Namibia, Namibia

An Investigation on Diet Selection by Sheep and Goats in Steppe Regions of Yazd Province, Iran

Anahita Rashtian, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran
Mansour Mesdaghi, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran
Masoume Amirkhani, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran

Identifying and Solving Mineral Deficiencies in Sheep and Goats in Inner Mongolia

Adrian Williams, Pendragon Dryland Management Services, Australia
Dunyuan Hao, University of Inner Mongolia, China

Effect of the Pasture on Milk Production from Cinisara Cows over the Seasons

M. Alabiso, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
C. Giosuè, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
M. L. Alicata, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
V. Ilardi, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
D. Giambalvo, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
G. Maniaci, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy

Supplementation Levels for Crossbred Steers Kept in Pastures Grazing Brachiaria brizantha

I. F. Andrade, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
M. M. Leão, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
A. A. F. Baião, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
E. A. A. M. Baião, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil

Bodyweight Gain of Grazing Sheep Responses to Stocking Rate in Stipa breviflora Steppe

Zhongwu Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Guodong Han, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Mengli Zhao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Cultivating the Surface Soil to Renovate a Grama Rhodes (Chloris gayana K. cv. Callide) Pasture in Northwest Argentine (NOA). 3. Effect of Interval of Implements Applied

R. N. Berti, INTA, Argentina

Degradation of Pastures in Mongolia: Challenges and Perspective

D. Dorligsuren, Mongolian Agricultural Cooperative Association, Mongolia
D. Avaadorj, Mongolian Agricultural Cooperative Association, Mongolia
M. Olonbayar, Mongolian Agricultural Cooperative Association, Mongolia
Ts. Enkh‐Amgalan, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Mongolia

Defoliation Effect of Poa ligularis Nees Ap Steudel on Aerial Biomass Production and Its Components in Northwestern Argentinian Patagonia

C. Gittins, INTA, Argentina
G. F. Becker, INTA, Argentina
C. A. Busso, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Argentina
G. L. Siffredi, INTA, Argentina
L. G. Ghermandi, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Argentina

Effects of Environmental and Political Framework on Alpine Farming and Its Development in the Entlebuch UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Switzerland

Pius Hofstetter, Agricultural Education and Extension Centre, Switzerland
A. Boltshauser, Entlebuch UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, Switzerland
E. Ruoss, Entlebuch UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, Switzerland

A New Probe into the Calculating Method of the Pasture Ecological Livestock Capability

Hongquan Li, Sichuan Grassland Science Academy, China
Gang Liu, Sichuan Grassland Science Academy, China

Study on the Characteristics of Yak Meat in Different Domestic Types and Semi‐Wild Yak in Qinghai Plateau

X. L. Luo, Sichuan Academy of Grassland Sciences, China
Z. B. Tong, Qinghai Academy of Animal & Veterinary Sciences, China
Z. J. Ma, Qinghai Academy of Animal & Veterinary Sciences, China
Y. H. Ma, Qinghai Academy of Animal & Veterinary Sciences, China

Seasonal Faecal Production Potential of Livestock Grazing Heterogenous Natural Range and Cropfields of Semi‐Arid Nigeria

B. S. Malami, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Nigeria
P. H. Y. Hiernaux, Paul Sabatier University, France
H. M. Tukur, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Nigeria
J. Steinbach, Justus Liebig University, Germany

The Economical Evaluation of the Grazing Management Project in a Part of Grasslands in Isfahan Province

A. R. Mirsaidi, Isfahan Rangeland, Iran
M. J. Aghasi, Isfahan Rangeland, Iran

Rangeland Management and Livestock Production System in Changthang, Ladakh India

Phunchok

Protein Roughages for Growing Goats

J. B. Moura Neto, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Tadeu V. Voltolini, EMBRAPA, Brazil
J. N. Moreira, EMBRAPA, Brazil
D. M. Nogueira, EMBRAPA, Brazil
R. D. dos Santos, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Luiz G. R. Pereira, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Seasonal Prevalence of Bovine Mastitis Causing Organism during Summer, from Grazing Land of Western Ghats

M. Mardhu Ramachandran, The American College, India
M. Andrew Pardeep, The American College, India
T. R. Prabha, The American College, India

Fatty Acid Profile of Subcutaneous Fat in Lambs Finished on Either Olive Oil Cake‐Based Rations on Mediterranean‐Like Pastures in Chile

R. Vera, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Chile
C. Aguilar, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Chile
R. Lira, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Chile
I. Peña, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Chile
J. Quenaya, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Chile
H. Yutronic, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Chile
Fernando Squella, INIA, Chile
P. Toro, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Chile
P. Perez, Universidad de Chile, Chile
I. Briones, Ministerio de Agricultura, Chile

Concentrate with Different Protein Sources for Sheep Grazing Tifton 85 Pasture

S. R. B. Azevedo, EMBRAPA, Brazil
P. R. C. Lins, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Tadeu V. Voltolini, EMBRAPA, Brazil
J. N. Moreira, EMBRAPA, Brazil
D. M. Nogueira, EMBRAPA, Brazil
R. D. dos Santos, EMBRAPA, Brazil

The Role of Functional Plant in Sheep Foraging

Ling Wang, Northeast Normal University, China
Guowei Chen, Northeast Normal University, China
Xiao Shun, Northeast Normal University, China
Deli Wang, Northeast Normal University, China

Suitable Grazing Methods for the Stipa bungeana Grassland in Southern Ningxia Foothills

Jinhua Wang, Ningxia Grassland Station, China
Binyu Zhang, Ningxia Grassland Station, China
Chengjiang Dai, Ningxia Grassland Station, China
Shouding Shi, Ningxia Grassland Station, China

Simultaneous Determination of Purine Derivatives and Creatinine in Ruminant Urine by HPLC

F. L. Yang, Lanzhou University, China
Ruijun Long, Lanzhou University, China
H. C. Wang, Lanzhou University, China
X. P. Li, Lanzhou University, China

Seasonal Changes in Nutrient Intake of Grazing Beef Cows on an Alpine Pasture in Japan

Masato Yayota, Gifu University, Japan
M. Nakano, Gifu University, Japan
R. Tamai, Gifu University, Japan
Shigeru Ohtani, Gifu University, Japan