Track 03-1: Soil‐Plant‐Animal Interrelationships

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

Managing Natural Grasslands in a Changing World: Grazing Ecology Insights to Accomplish Re‐Oriented Management Expectations

Paulo C. de F. Carvalho, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Sila C. da Silva, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Carlos Nabinger, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Anibal de Moraes, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Teresa C. M. Genro, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Opportunities to Use Secondary Plant Compounds to Manage Diet Selection and Gut Health of Grazing Herbivores

Dean K. Revell, CSIRO, Australia
Andrew Kotze, CSIRO, Australia
D. T. Thomas, CSIRO, Australia

Precision Pastoralism‐Advanced Systems for Management and Integration of Livestock and Forage Resources in the Semi‐Arid Rangelands in South Eastern Australia

Ronald B. Hacker, Department of Primary Industry, Australia
T. J. Thompson, AfterhoursAg, Australia
W. K. Murray, Department of Primary Industry, Australia
Yohannes Alemseged, Department of Primary Industry, Australia
P. K. Timmers, Department of Natural Resources & Water, Australia

Pasture Cropping‐Integrating Livestock and Crop Production for Sustainable Management of Rangelands in South East Australia

Warwick B. Badgery, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
C. Seis, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Geoff D. Millar, Department of Primary Industries, Australia

Interactions of Forage Quality and Physiological State on Forage Intake of Grazing Beef Cows in Autumn

Elaine E. Grings, U.S. Department of Agriculture
A. J. Roberts, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Recording the Prehensive Bite Diversity in Cows for a Dynamic Analysis of Foraging Behavior on Diversified Vegetation

Cyril Agreil, INRA, France
Michel Meuret, INRA, France

Intake Rate Oscillations at the Meal Scale: The Dynamics of Feeding Choices for Coping with Diversity on Rangelands

Cyril Agreil, INRA, France
Pascal Monestiez, INRA, France
Juan Villalba, Utah State University

The Effects of Grazing on the Vegetation of Typical Steppe in Mongolia Plateau

Xiuxia Bao, Inner Mongolia Agriultural University, China
Jin Yi, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Qimuge Wuren, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Yong Lian, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Buda Su, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Sward Structure and Foraging Behaviour of Cattle Grazing Reproductive Tropical Pastures

Marcelo A. Benvenutti, CSIRO, Australia
I. J. Gordon, CSIRO, Australia
Dennis P. Poppi, The University of Queensland, Australia

Measurement at Pasture of Intake, Digestibility and Chemical Composition of the Diet of Nursing Ewes, Using Faecal NIRS

Maryline Boval, INRA, France
A. Fanchone, INRA, France
E. Ortega‐Jimenez
G. Alexandre, INRA, France

Improvement of Manure Quality and Crop Yields by Cattle Supplementation

Maimouna Cissé, Senegalese Institute of Agricultural Research, Senegal
M. Diaye, Senegalese Institute of Agricultural Research, Senegal
C. M. Dione, Senegalese Institute of Agricultural Research, Senegal

Changes in the Physiology of Tall Fescue during Regrowth

Danny J. Donaghy, University of Tasmania, Australia
L. R. Turner, University of Tasmania, Australia
K. A. Adamczewski, University of Tasmania, Australia
L. L. Burkitt, University of Tasmania, Australia

Evaluation of Impacts of Livestock Grazing Intensity on Plant Biodiversity in the Western Chang Tang National Natural Reserve, Tibet, China

Tsechoe Dorji, Tibet University, China
L. J. Fox, University of Tromsø, Norway
C. E. Richard

How Does Sward Height and Quality Affect the Choice of Feeding Sites and Intake in Horses?

N. Edouard, INRA, France
G. Fleurance, Les Haras nationaux, France
P. Duncan, CEBC‐CNRS, France
Bertrand Dumont, INRA, France
R. Baumont, INRA, France

Behaviour of Fallow Deer and Sheep on Large Unit Fen Pastures in North East Germany

G. Schalitz Fischer, Leibniz‐Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, Germany
A. Behrendt, Leibniz‐Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, Germany

Effect of Horse Grazing under Different Stocking Rates on the Selection of Feeding Patches

G. Fleurance, Les Haras nationaux, France
Bertrand Dumont, INRA, France
Anne Farruggia, INRA, France
N. Edouard, INRA, France
Laurent Lanore, INRA, France

Palatable Grasses Have Higher Relative Growth Rate and Competitive Ability than Unpalatable Grasses in the Patagonian Steppe

Guillermo C. García Martínez, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
R. A. Golluscio, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

The Potential Cost of Discrimination in Diet Selection by Grazing Herbivores

Cécile Ginane, INRA, France
Bertrand Dumont, INRA, France
Anne Farruggia, INRA, France
Laurent Lanore, INRA, France
Pascal Carrère, INRA, France

Growing Grass for Greener Grazers: Herbage Management for Improved N Utilisation of Grazing Cows

Nyncke J. Hoekstra, Teagasc, Ireland
R. P. O. Schulte, Teagasc, Ireland
E. A. Lantinga, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
P. C. Struik, Wageningen University, The Netherlands

The Effect of Legumes on Stability and Quality of Yield in Long‐Term Grazing Use

Žydrė Kadžiulienė, Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania
Leonas Kadžiulis, Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania
Lina Šarūnaitė, Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania

Effect of Chicory and Plantain on Cadmium Levels in Lambs

L. T. Parker, Massey University, New Zealand
Peter D. Kemp, Massey University, New Zealand
P. Loganathan, Massey University, New Zealand
D. M. West, Massey University, New Zealand
C. W. N. Anderson, Massey University, New Zealand
Paul R. Kenyon, Massey University, New Zealand
Stephen T. Morris, Massey University, New Zealand

Effect of Four Fertiliser Regimes on the Persistence of Perennial Native Grasses

Michael J. Keys, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
B. W. Clements, Department of Primary Industries, Australia

Influence of Dietary Forages on the Fatty Acid Profile of Rumen Digesta, Milk and Meat

Marta Lourenço, Ghent University, Belgium
B. Vlaeminck, Ghent University, Belgium
S. De Smet, Ghent University, Belgium
Veerle Fievez, Ghent University, Belgium

Fencing Effects on Biodiversity Changes in Desertified Grassland in Hulunbeir, China

Shihai Lu, Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences, China
Jixi Gao, Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences, China
Changsong Feng, Beijing Forestry University, China
Xinshi Lu, Beijing Forestry University, China

Evaluation of a Beef Cattle Finishing Simulation Model for Intake and Live Weight Gain Prediction under Different Herbage and Maize Grain Allowances

Claudio F. Machado, Massey University, New Zealand
Stephen T. Morris, Massey University, New Zealand
J. Hodgson, Massey University, New Zealand
H. Berger, Massey University, New Zealand

Broad Spectrum of Plant Species Grazed and Browsed by Cattle in Bolivian Subtropical Mountain Forests

Svenja Marquardt, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
H. Alzérreca, Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Bolivia
S. Beck, Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Bolivia
Michael Kreuzer, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Andrea C. Mayer, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

Comparison of Vegetation Composition under Different Grazing Intensities in Golestan National Park and Vicinities, Iran

Mansour Mesdaghi, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran
Masoume Amirkhani, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran
E. Bagheri Rad, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran

'Alpine Meadows' of the Tibet Plateau Are a Synanthropic Pseudoclimax

G. Miehe, University of Marburg, Germany
S. Miehe, University of Marburg, Germany
K. Kaiser, University of Marburg, Germany
K. Wesche, Martin‐Luther‐University, Germany
Xinquan Zhao, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Jianquan Liu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Optimal Sward Height for Production in Twin and Triplet Ewes

Stephen T. Morris, Massey University, New Zealand
Paul R. Kenyon, Massey University, New Zealand
R. A. Corner, Massey University, New Zealand

Impact of Grazing Intensity on Feed Intake, Herbage Mass, and Animal Productivity in the Steppe of Inner Mongolia, China

K. Müller, Christian‐Albrechts‐University of Kiel, Germany
L. Lin, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
T. Glindemann, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
C. Wang, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
A. Schiborra, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
P. Schönbach, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
H. W. Wan, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
B. M. Tas, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
M. Gierus, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
Friedhelm Taube, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
A. Susenbeth, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany

Plant Root Depth of Tropical Perennial Grasses in a Temperate Environment

Sean R. Murphy, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
G. M. Lodge, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
M. A. Brennan, Department of Primary Industries, Australia

The Productivity and Hay Requirements of Beef Cattle in a Year-Round Grazing System in North Cameroon

A. D. Nkengafac, University of Buea, Cameroon
P. Tinta, University of Buea, Cameroon
G. Ayuk, University of Buea, Cameroon
M. Mansue, University of Buea, Cameroon
F. Fuh, University of Buea, Cameroon

Role of Grazing Cattle on Seed Dispersal of Plants in a Hill Pasture 1. Effect of Sward Structure on Grass Seed Ingestion by Cattle

M. Obara, Tohoku University, Japan
Shin-ichiro Ogura, Tohoku University, Japan
T. Shishido, Tohoku University, Japan
K. Sugawara, Tohoku University, Japan

Role of Grazing Cattle on Seed Dispersal of Plants in a Hill Pasture 2. Effects of Ruminal Digestion on Seed Germinability of Five Plant Species

M. Obara, Tohoku University, Japan
Shin-ichiro Ogura, Tohoku University, Japan
T. Shishido, Tohoku University, Japan
K. Sugawara, Tohoku University, Japan

Combining Biodiversity Enhancement of Temperate Grassland with Sustainable Organic Production of Traditional Breed Livestock

Mark P. O'Brien, Mabley Farm, UK
W. Elizabeth Vice, Mabley Farm, UK
Humphrey G. Smith, Coventry University, UK

Role of Grazing Cattle on Seed Dispersal of Plants in a Hill Pasture 3. Seasonal Variation of Locations of Defecation by Cattle and its Effects on Germination of Seeds in Dung Pats

Shin-ichiro Ogura, Tohoku University, Japan
M. Obara, Tohoku University, Japan
T. Shishido, Tohoku University, Japan
K. Sugawara, Tohoku University, Japan

Role of Grazing Cattle on Seed Dispersal of Plants in a Hill Pasture 4. Effects of Dung Patch on Environmental Condition in Dung and Seedling Establishment

Shin-ichiro Ogura, Tohoku University, Japan
S. Tanaka, Tohoku University, Japan
S. Sato, Tohoku University, Japan

Linear Analysis Method to Calculate the Specific Forage Ingestion by Livestock

Andrea Pardini, University of Florence, Italy
V. Pratesi, University of Florence, Italy
N. Staglianò, University of Florence, Italy

The Use of Faecal NIRS to Monitor Diet Quality Different Grazing Systems in Tropical Savannas

Andrew I. White, Heytesbury Beef, Australia
L. P. Hunt, CSIRO, Australia
S. R. Petty, Heytesbury Beef, Australia
Dennis P. Poppi, The University of Queensland, Australia

Testing Non‐Equilibrium Theory: Effects of Grazing on Plant Community Composition and Soil Nutrient Availability in Dry Southern Mongolian Steppes

Karsten Wesche, Geobotany and Botanical Garden, Germany
Katrin Ronnenberg, Geobotany and Botanical Garden, Germany

Grazing Impacts on the Dynamics of Two Long Lived Perennial Grasses in Tropical Australia

David M. Orr, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia
Peter J. O'Reagain, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia

Experiences with Grazing the New Annual Pasture Legume Biserrula pelecinus L. in Southern Australia Production Benefits and Risk of Photosensitisation

Clinton K. Revell, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
N. Robertson, University of Western Australia, Australia
I. Williams, University of Western Australia, Australia

Grazing Disturbance a Benefit to Species Diversity in Re‐Established Native Grass Stands

Michael P. Schellenberg, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Alan D. Iwaasa, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada

The Influence of Tree Thinning on Grass Dry Matter Yield, With and Without Grazing by Herbivore Game Species in the Marakele Park, South Africa

G. N. Smit, University of the Free State, South Africa
F. C. Pienaar, University of the Free State, South Africa

Vegetation Response to Grazing Management in a Mediterranean Grassland: A Long‐Term Synthesis

Marcelo Sternberg, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Zalmen Henkin, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
Avi Perevolotsky, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
Eugene D. Ungar, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel

Short‐Term Response of Preferred and Unpreferred Species to Sheep Grazing in a Patagonian Steppe

M. D. Valenta, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
R. A. Golluscio, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Beef Cattle Performance on Panicum maximum Pastures under Two Levels of Fertilization in Brazil

Valéria P. B. Euclides, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Manuel C. M. Macedo, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Jean Amorim Costa, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Wellington Fernandez, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Long-Time Effects of Grazing on Patagonian Rangelands (Argentina)

Gabriel E. Oliva, INTA, Argentina
G. Humano, INTA, Argentina
D. Ferrante, INTA, Argentina

Relationship between Different Grassland Types and Their Volatile Patterns to Enhance the Traceability of Italian Typical Alpine Dairy Products

P. Aceto, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
S. Belviso, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
A. Cavallero, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
L. Falchero, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
A. Fossi, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
M. Giordano, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
R. Paoletti, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
Efisio Piano, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
A. Tava, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
G. Zeppa, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy

Effect of Grazing Intensity on Photosynthesis and Soil Respiration of Alpine Grassland in Tibet

Y. F. Wan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Q. Z. Gao, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Y. Li, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
X. B. Qin, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
W. Z. Jiancun, Administrator Office of Naqu, China
B. S. Wang, Grassland Station of Naqu, China