Year of Publication
Master of Science (MS)
Agriculture, Food and Environment
Plant and Soil Sciences
Dr. Jonathan D. Green
With the introduction of herbicide resistant Palmer amaranth into Kentucky during the past 10 years there has been an increasing concern for effective control measures in grain production. Field trials were performed in 2016 and 2017 near Barlow and Paris, KY to determine efficacy of chemical control programs targeting herbicide resistant Palmer amaranth. Percent visual control, effects on plant density and plant height were measured in 2016 to determine treatment effectiveness. Treatments containing four different sites of herbicide activity achieved an average of 98% control. Treatments containing only 3, 2 or 1 site of activity only achieved 64%, 45% and 33% control, respectively. Within the long-chain fatty acid inhibitors herbicides in this study, pre-emergent applied pyroxasulfone provided greater control than S-metolachlor or acetochlor. Pyroxasulfone also provided greater control than the photosystem II herbicides atrazine and metribuzin. In 2017 PRE treatments consisting of three-way mixtures of flumioxazin + pyroxasulfone + chlorimuron or S-metolachlor + metribuzin + fomesafen followed by a POST herbicide treatment provided > 90% suppression of Palmer amaranth 4 weeks after trial initiation. Post-emergence treatments containing glyphosate + dicamba or glyphosate + 2,4-D following a soil-applied pre-emergent treatment achieved the most effective season-long control of Palmer amaranth.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Fleitz, Nicholas J., "COMPARISON OF SOIL-APPLIED AND POSTEMERGENCE HERBICIDES WITH MULTIPLE SITES OF HERBICIDAL ACTIVITY ON TWO POPULATIONS OF HERBICIDE-RESISTANT PALMER AMARANTH IN KENTUCKY" (2018). Theses and Dissertations--Plant and Soil Sciences. 99.