Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Document Type

Master's Thesis




Crop Science

First Advisor

Dr. W. W. Witt


Waterhemp was a sporadic weed in Kentucky soybean production since the 1970’s. Waterhemp’s presence was not significant until the 1990’s after a widespread adoption of imazaquin and imazethapyr herbicides in the late 1980’s by Kentucky farmers which resulted in ALS-resistant waterhemp in some Kentucky areas. The introduction of glyphosate resistant soybeans in 1996 resulted in glyphosate-containing products being widely used by Kentucky farmers. Waterhemp populations resistant to glyphosate have occurred in Kentucky in the past few years. The majority of Kentucky soybeans are produced in some type of conservation tillage system, primarily to conserve soil and water, which is advantageous on Kentucky’s rolling topography. Glyphosate controls a wide range of weeds and popular with farmers because of this characteristic. However, waterhemp resistant to glyphosate developed in some fields with the continuous glyphosate usage. Waterhemp control research trials were conducted in Union and Hancock Counties in Western Kentucky in an attempt to find herbicide combinations to provide season-long control. Waterhemp populations in these studies were resistant and susceptible to glyphosate but the resistant populations were great enough to cause soybean yield loss if not controlled.

KEYWORDS: Amaranthus tuberculatus, Herbicide Resistance, EPSPS, PPO, ALS

Thesis Abstract.docx (14 kB)
Abstract page on plain paper

Thesis Title Page.docx (13 kB)
Title page on plain paper

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