Track 1-08

The 22rd International Grassland Congress (Revitalising Grasslands to Sustain Our Communities) took place in Sydney, Australia from September 15 through September 19, 2013.
Proceedings Editors: David L. Michalk, Geoffrey D. Millar, Warwick B. Badgery, and Kim M. Broadfoot
Publisher: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry, Kite St., Orange New South Wales, Australia

22nd International Grassland Congress Theme 1:
Improving Production Efficiency to Revitalise Grasslands:
Livestock Production from Grasslands:
Improving Quality of Livestock Products to Meet Market and Community Demands

Developing a Diet Authentication System from the Composition of Meat in Ruminants

F. J. Monahan, University College Dublin, Ireland
A. P. Moloney, Teagasc, Ireland
O. Schmidt, University College Dublin, Ireland

The Place of Crossbred Lambs in Australian Lamb Production

David L. Hopkins, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Suzanne I. Mortimer, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Jessica S. Richards, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Australia

The Evolving Beef Industry and Its Sustainability in Western China

J. P. Wu, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Z. M. Lei, Gansu Agricultural University, China
L. P. Zhang, Gansu Agricultural University, China
X. R. Wang, Gansu Agricultural University, China
S. G. Zhao, Gansu Agricultural University, China
C. Q. Zhang, Gansu Agricultural University, China
G. H. Sun, Gansu Agricultural University, China
S. G. Li, Gansu Agricultural University, China

Developing and Implementing Animal Welfare Assessments on Extensive and Intensive Grassland Systems: An Overview

Nguyen Xuan Trach, Hanoi University of Agriculture, Vietnam
Bob Kilgour

Effects of Diet during the First Winter on Replacement Heifer Weight Gain and Body Condition Score during the Subsequent Grazing Season

Emer Kennedy, Teagasc, Ireland
Fergal Coughlan, Teagasc, Ireland
Steven Fitzgerald, Teagasc, Ireland
John Paul Murphy, Teagasc, Ireland

Effect of Forage Allowance on Native Pasture Traits, Stocking Rate and Beef Cow Body Condition

Martín Do Carmo, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria, Uruguay
Mariana Carriquiry, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
Pablo Soca, Universidad de la República, Uruguay

The Effects on Milk Yield and Composition, and Animal Nitrogen and Phosphorus Status, of Offering Early-Lactation Dairy Cows Concentrate Feeds of Differing Crude Protein and Phosphorus Concentrations

Michael P. Reid, Teagasc, Ireland
Michael O’Donovan, Teagasc, Ireland
Christopher Elliott, Queens University Belfast, Northern Ireland
John S. Bailey, Agri-Food and Bioscience Institute, Northern Ireland
Catherine J. Watson, Agri-Food and Bioscience Institute, Northern Ireland
Stan T. J. Lalor, Teagasc, Ireland
John Paul Murphy, Teagasc, Ireland
Fergal Coughlan, Teagasc, Ireland
Eva Lewis, Teagasc, Ireland

Do Different Breeds of Dairy Cow Differ in Their Ability to Digest Perennial Ryegrass?

Marion Beecher, Teagasc, Ireland
Frank Buckley, Teagasc, Ireland
Tommy M. Boland, University College Dublin, Ireland
Craig Thackaberry, Teagasc, Ireland
Daniel Enriquez-Hidalgo, Teagasc, Ireland
Michael O’Donovan, Teagasc, Ireland
Eva Lewis, Teagasc, Ireland

Plantain (Plantago lanceolata) in Herb and Legume Pastures Increases Lamb Growth Relative to Perennial Ryegrass and White Clover Pasture

Peter D. Kemp, Massey University, New Zealand
Paul R. Kenyon, Massey University, New Zealand
Stephen T. Morris, Massey University, New Zealand
Sharini C. Somasiri, Massey University, New Zealand

Dietary Effect of Substituting Panicum maximum with Tithonia diversifolia Forage on Performance of Yankasa Sheep

Adebowale N. Fajemisin, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
Timayin Salihu, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
Akinyemi Fadiyimu, Federal College of Agriculture, Nigeria
Adebayo Alokan, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
Olusola Agbede, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria

Using Grasses Morphogenetic Variables for Natural Grassland Grazing Management

Fernando L. de Quadros, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Marta G. da Rocha, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Fábio C. Garagorry, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Bruno C. Kuinchtner, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Cezar W. Barbieri, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil
Thiago H. N. de Carvalho, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil

Efficient Beef Production from Temperate Grasslands in North-Western Europe

Edward G. O’Riordan, Teagasc, Ireland
Paul Crosson, Teagasc, Ireland
Mark McGee, Teagasc, Ireland
Padraig O’Kiely, Teagasc, Ireland

Introducing Perennials into Grasslands in South West Australia Increases Gross Margins for Dual Purpose Merino Enterprises

Paul Sanford, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia

Short-Term Milk Yield Response to Changes in Post-Grazing Sward Height

Elodie Ganche, Teagasc, Ireland
Luc Delaby, INRA, France
Michael O’Donovan, Teagasc, Ireland
Tommy M. Boland, University College Dublin, Ireland
Emer Kennedy, Teagasc, Ireland

Cultivar Influences Milk Production of Grazing Dairy Cows

Mary McEvoy, Teagasc, Ireland
Michael O’Donovan, Teagasc, Ireland
Emer Kennedy, Teagasc, Ireland
John Paul Murphy, Teagasc, Ireland
Luc Delaby, INRA, France

Herb and Clover Mixes Increase Average Daily Gain (ADG) of Finishing Lambs in Different Seasons

Sharini C. Somasiri, Massey University, New Zealand
Paul R. Kenyon, Massey University, New Zealand
Peter D. Kemp, Massey University, New Zealand
Patrick C. H. Morel, Massey University, New Zealand
Stephen T. Morris, Massey University, New Zealand

Herbage Accumulation and Animal Performance on Xaraes Palisade Grass Subjected to Intensities of Continuous Stocking Management

A. Hernández-Garay, Colegio de Postgraduados, Mexico
Valéria P. B. Euclides, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Sila C. Da Silva, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
Denise B. Montagner, UFGD, Brazil
Nayana N. Nantes, EMBRAPA, Brazil
D. Nascimento Jr., Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
C. O. Soare, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Forage Allowance and Cow Genotype, Tools to Increase Animal Production in Native Pastures

Pablo Soca, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
Mariana Carriquiry, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
Martín Do Carmo, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria, Uruguay

LCA Study on Sheep Milk Production in Sardinian Farms at Different Input Levels

Enrico Vagnoni, National Research Council, Italy
Antonello Franca, National Research Council, Italy
Leo Breedveld, Mogliano Veneto, Italy
Claudio Porqueddu, National Research Council, Italy
Pierpaolo Duce, National Research Council, Italy

Development of Feeding System Based on Azolla (Azolla pinnata) and Sheanut Cake (Vitellaria paradoxa) for Nellore Sheep Reared in Different Production Systems

K. Sarjan Rao, Livestock Research Station, India
Y. Ravindra Reddy, College of Veterinary Science, India

Fatty Acid Metabolism on Pasture- and Feedlot-Finished Cattle

Cuk T. Noviandi, Utah State University
Robert E. Ward, Utah State University
Jong-Su Eun, Utah State University
Dale R. ZoBell, Utah State University
Rusty D. Stott, Utah State University
Blair L. Waldron, US Department of Agriculture
Mike D. Peel, US Department of Agriculture

Activity, Physiology and Milk Production of Yaks and Two Different Yak Crossbreds Grazing Himalayan Pasture Sites at 4700 m and 3000 m

Shanker R. Barsila, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Naba R. Devkota, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
Michael Kreuzer, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Svenja Marquardt, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

Forage Systems Effect on Forage-Fed Beef Production

Guillermo Scaglia, Louisiana State University
Basu Bhandari, Louisiana State University
Jeffrey M. Gillespie, Louisiana State University
Jim J. Wang, Louisiana State University

Variation of Rumen Bacterial Diversity in Steers after the Beginning of Grazing

Miwa Nakano, NARO, Japan
Satoshi Haga, NARO, Japan
Masanori Tohno, NARO, Japan
Kazuhiro Matoba, NARO, Japan
Ryuichi Uegaki, NARO, Japan
Hiroshi Ishizaki, NARO, Japan

Alternative Pasture Development System and Breeding Weight for Beef Heifers

H. A. Lardner, Western Beef Development Centre, Canada
Daalkhaijav Damiran, Western Beef Development Centre, Canada
Steve Hendrick, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Kathy Larson, Western Beef Development Centre, Canada

Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Meat Quality of Grazing Lambs Finished on Tropical Grasses

Cesar H. E. C. Poli, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Samuel Carnesella, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Fernando M. Souza, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Concepta McManus, Universidade de Brasília, Brazil
Zélia M. S. Castilhos, Fundação Estadual de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Brazil
Liris Kindlein, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Jaime U. Tarouco, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Pre-Conditioned Cattle Sales for Forage-Based Cow-Calf Management Systems

C. P. Bagley, Tennessee Technological University
L. S. Dale, US Department of Agriculture
B. C. Housewright, Sul Ross University

Effect of High Se and Co Alfalfa Forage on Animal Production

Xiao-lei Jie, Huanghuai University, China
Xiao Guo, Zhengzhou College of Animal Husbandry Engineering, China
Hua-Feng Hu, Zhengzhou College of Animal Husbandry Engineering, China

Growth of Bali Bulls Fattened with Forage Tree Legumes in Eastern Indonesia: Leucaena leucocephala in Sumbawa

Tanda Panjaitan, Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology, Indonesia
Muhammad Fauzan, Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology, Indonesia
H. Dahlanuddin, University of Mataram, Indonesia
Michael J. Halliday, The University of Queensland, Australia
H. Max Shelton, The University of Queensland, Australia