Track 1-02: Development and Impact of Sown Tropical Species

The 22rd International Grassland Congress (Revitalising Grasslands to Sustain Our Communities) took place in Sydney, Australia from September 15 through September 19, 2013.
Proceedings Editors: David L. Michalk, Geoffrey D. Millar, Warwick B. Badgery, and Kim M. Broadfoot
Publisher: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry, Kite St., Orange New South Wales, Australia

22nd International Grassland Congress Theme 1:
Improving Production Efficiency to Revitalise Grasslands:
Development, Use and Impact of Improved Plants:
Development and Impact of Sown Tropical Species

Global Impacts from Improved Tropical Forages: A Meta-Analysis Revealing Overlooked Benefits and Costs, Evolving Values and New Priorities

Douglas S. White, research4development&conservation
Michael Peters, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, Colombia
Peter Horne, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Australia

Leucaena Toxicity: A New Perspective on the Most Widely Used Forage Tree Legume

Michael J. Halliday, The University of Queensland, Australia
Jagadish Padmanabha, CSIRO, Australia
Chris S. McSweeney, CSIRO, Australia
Graham L. Kerven, The University of Queensland, Australia
H. Max Shelton, The University of Queensland, Australia

Molecular Genetic Variability, Population Structure and Mating System in Tropical Forages

Melissa Garcia, University of Campinas, Brazil
Bianca B. Z. Vigna, University of Campinas, Brazil
Adna C. B. Sousa, University of Campinas, Brazil
Letícia Jungmann, University of Campinas, Brazil
Fernanda W. Cidade, University of Campinas, Brazil
Guilherme Toledo-Silva, University of Campinas, Brazil
Patricia M. Francisco, University of Campinas, Brazil
Lucimara Chiari, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Marcelo A. Carvalho, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Claudio T. Karia, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Fabio G. Faleiro, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Rodolfo Godoy, EMBRAPA, Brazil
M. Dall’Agnol, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Sueli S. Pagliarini, University of Maringá, Brazil
Francisco H. D. Souza, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Tatiana T. Souza-Chies, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Liana Jank, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Rosangela M. S. Resende, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Cacilda B. Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Maria I. Zucchi, Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios, Brazil
Anete P. Souza, University of Campinas, Brazil

Brachiaria Hybrids: Potential, Forage Use and Seed Yield

Esteban A. Pizarro, Grupo Papalotla, Mexico
Michael D. Hare, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Mpenzi Mutimura, Institut des Sciences Agronomiques du Rwanda, Rwanda
Changjun Bai, Ministry of Agriculture, China

Effect of Cutting Interval on Yield and Quality of Three Brachiaria Hybrids in Thailand

Michael D. Hare, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Supaphan Phengphet, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Theerachai Songsiri, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Naddakorn Sutin, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Eduardo Stern, Tropical Seeds, LLC

Effect of Cutting Interval on Yield and Quality of Two Panicum maximum Cultivars in Thailand

Michael D. Hare, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Supaphan Phengphet, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Theerachai Songsiri, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Naddakorn Sutin, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Eduardo Stern, Tropical Seeds, LLC

Status of Animal Feed Resources in Rwanda

M. Mutimura, Rwanda Agriculture Board, Rwanda
A. B. Lussa, Rwanda Agriculture Board, Rwanda
J. Mutabazi, Rwanda Agriculture Board, Rwanda
C. B. Myambi, Rwanda Agriculture Board, Rwanda
R. A. Cyamweshi, Rwanda Agriculture Board, Rwanda
C. Ebong, Rwanda Agriculture Board, Rwanda

Quality Seed Production of Range Grasses--A Major Constraint in Revitalising Tropical Pastures

D. R. Malaviya, Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, India
D. Vijay, Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, India
C. K. Gupta, Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, India
A. K. Roy, Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, India
P. Kaushal, Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, India

Potential of Panicum maximum as a Source of Energy

Liana Jank, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Edson A. de Lima, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Rosangela M. Simeão, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Ronimar C. Andrade, University of Anhanguera, Brazil

PROGARDESTM: A Legume for Tropical/Subtropical Semi-Arid Clay Soils

Chris Gardiner, James Cook University, Australia
Nick Kempe, Agrimix Pty Ltd., Australia
Iain Hannah, Agrimix Pty Ltd., Australia
Jim McDonald, Agrimix Pty Ltd., Australia

Reciprocal Recurrent Selection in the Breeding of Brachiaria decumbens

Sanzio C. L. Barrios, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Cacilda B. Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Geovani F. Alves, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Rosangela M. Simeão, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Liana Jank, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Agronomic and Nutritional Evaluation of Intraspecific Crosses in Brachiaria decumbens

Simony A. Mendonça, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Brazil
Sanzio C. L. Barrios, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Ulisses J. de Figueiredo, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Geovani F. Alves, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Cacilda B. Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Herbage Accumulation, Nutritive Value and Persistence of Mulato II in Florida

Joao M. B. Vendramini, University of Florida
Lynn E. Sollenberger, University of Florida
Graham C. Lamb, University of Florida
Maria L. Silveira, University of Florida

Tropical Grass Growth Functions Modeling by Using Nonlinear Mixed Models

A. Hernández Garay, Colegio de Postgraduados, México
H. Vaquera Huerta, Colegio de Postgraduados, México
M. Calzada Marín, Colegio de Postgraduados, México
E. Ortega Jiménez, Colegio de Postgraduados, México
J. F. Enríquez Quiroz, INIFAP, Mexico

Animal Production from New Panicum maximum Genotypes in the Amazon Biome, Brazil

Carlos M. S. de Andrade, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Luis H. E. Farinatti, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Hemython L. B. do Nascimento, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
Andressa de Q. Abreu, Federal University of Acre, Brazil
Liana Jank, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Giselle M. L. de Assis, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Urinary Excretion of Mimosine Metabolites by Hair Sheep Fed Foliage of Leucaena leucocephala

L. M. Contreras-Hernández, University of Yucatan, Mexico
N. E. Ruz-Ruiz, University of Yucatan, Mexico
Eduardo G. Briceño-Poot, University of Yucatan, Mexico
Luis Ramírez-Avilés, University of Yucatan, Mexico
A. J. Ayala-Burgos, University of Yucatan, Mexico
C. F. Pérez-Aguilar, University of Yucatan, Mexico
Francisco J. Solorio-Sánchez, University of Yucatan, Mexico
Juan C. Ku-Vera, University of Yucatan, Mexico

Urinary Excretion of Mimosine Derivatives by Cows with and without Experience in Consumption of Leucaena leucocephala

N. E. Ruz-Ruiz, University of Yucatan, Mexico
Eduardo G. Briceño-Poot, University of Yucatan, Mexico
A. J. Ayala-Burgos, University of Yucatan, Mexico
C. F. Aguilar-Pérez, University of Yucatan, Mexico
Francisco J. Solorio-Sánchez, University of Yucatan, Mexico
Luis Ramírez-Avilés, University of Yucatan, Mexico
Juan C. Ku-Vera, University of Yucatan, Mexico

BRS Mandobi: A New Forage Peanut Cultivar Propagated by Seeds for the Tropics

Giselle M. L. de Assis, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Judson F. Valentim, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Carlos M. S. de Andrade, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Selecting New Brachiaria humidicola Hybrids for Western Brazilian Amazon

Giselle M. L. de Assis, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Cacilda B. Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Carlos M. S. de Andrade, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Judson F. Valentim, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Morphological Divergence among Progeny of Macroptilium lathyroides Accessions from the Semi-Arid Region of Pernambuco, Brazil

Mércia V. F. dos Santos, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Gabriella P. de Albuquerque, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Márcio V. da Cunha, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Mário de A. Lira Jr., Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
José C. B. Dubeux Jr., Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Marta G. S. da Silva, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Mário de A. Lira, Instituto Agronômico de Pernambuco, Brazil
Alexandre C. L. de Mello, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil

Performance of Nelore Cattle on Panicum maximum Pastures in the Brazilian Cerrado

Giovana A. Maciel, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Gustavo J. Braga, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Roberto Guimarães Jr., EMBRAPA, Brazil
Hélio A. de Araújo
Allan K. B. Ramos, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Marcelo A. Carvalho, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Lourival Vilela, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Liana Jank, EMBRAPA, Brazil

BRS Paiaguás: A New Brachiaria (Urochloa) Cultivar for Tropical Pastures in Brazil

Cacilda B. Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Valéria P. B. Euclides, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Denise B. Montagner, EMBRAPA, Brazil
José R. Valério, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Celso D. Fernandes, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Manuel C. M. Macedo, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Jaqueline R. Verzignassi, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Luis A. Machado, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Development, Isolation and Characterisation of a New Non-Virulent Mimosine-Degrading Klebsiella pneumoniae Strain from the Rumen Liquor of German Steers by Using IBT-Goettinger Bioreactor

Aung Aung, University of Veterinary Science, Myanmar
U. ter Meulen, Georg-August-University of Goettingen, Germany
F. Gessler, Miprolab, Germany
H. Böhnel, Georg-August-University of Goettingen, Germany

Development of Leucaena Mimosine-Degrading Bacteria in the Rumen of Sheep in Myanmar

Aung Aung, University of Veterinary Science, Myanmar
Moe Thida Htun, University of Veterinary Science, Myanmar
Lwin Naing Oo, University of Veterinary Science, Myanmar
Mar Mar Kyi, University of Veterinary Science, Myanmar
Tin Ngwe, University of Veterinary Science, Myanmar

Effects of Irrigation and Season on Performance of Grazed Pastures of Brachiaria brizantha cv. MG5

Rita de C. R. Carvalho, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil
Wellington W. Rocha, Universidade Federal do Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Brazil
Bruno S. Pires, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil
César T. Piza, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil
Luziney D. Silva, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil
Paulo R. V. Leite, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil
Eliel A. Ferreira, Faculdades Integradas do Sudoeste Mineiro, Brazil

Effect of Season and Year of Evaluation in the Selection of Brachiaria humidicola Hybrids

Ulisses J. de Figueiredo, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
José A. R. Nunes, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Cacilda B. Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Sanzio C. L. Barrios, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Geovani F. Alves, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Agronomic Evaluation of 324 Intraspecific Hybrids of Brachiaria decumbens in Brazil

Rogério G. Mateus, Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
Sanzio C. L. Barrios, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Ulisses J. de Figueiredo, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Cacilda B. Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Dry Matter Intake by Beef Steers on Piatã Palisadegrass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. BRS Piatã) Pasture

Denise B. Montagner, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Valéria P. B. Euclides, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Teresa C. M. Genro, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Nayana N. Nantes, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Breeding Strategies for Brachiaria spp. to Improve Productivity–An Ongoing Project

Geovani F. Alves, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Ulisses J. de Figueiredo, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Brazil
Antônio D. Pandolfi Filho, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Brazil
Sanzio C. L. Barrios, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Cacilda B. Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Survey of Pasture Species and Management, Manure Management, Milk Production and Reproduction on Pasture-Based Dairy Farms in Florida and Georgia, USA

F. Du, University of Florida
K. D. Gay, University of Florida
M. E. Sowerby, University of Florida
Y. C. Newman, University of Florida
C. R. Staples, University of Florida
R. C. Lacy, University of Georgia
A. de Vries, University of Florida

Effects of Two Intake Levels of Leucaena leucocephala on Rumen Function of Sheep

Marcos Barros-Rodríguez, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, México
Javier Solorio-Sánchez, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, México
Carlos Sandoval-Castro, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, México
Athol V. Klieve, University of Queensland, Australia
Eduardo Briceño-Poot, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, México
Luis Ramírez-Avilés, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, México
Rafael Rojas-Herrera, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, México

Vegetative Propagation of Stylosanthes scabra

Alexandre C. L. de Mello, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Adeneide C. Galdino, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
José C. B. Dubeux Jr., Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Mércia V. F. dos Santos, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Mário de A. Lira Jr., Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Felipe M. Saraiva, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Mário de A. Lira, National Scientific and Technological Research Council, Brazil
Márcio V. da Cunha, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil

Morphophysiological Adaptations of Brachiaria humidicola Cultivars under Grazing

Rodrigo A. Barbosa, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Pedro N. C. Amaral, Mato Grosso do Sul State University, Brazil
André F. Sbrissia, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Thiago T. Camara, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Brazil

Sward Structural Characteristics of Perennial Peanut Genotypes as Affected by Harvest Frequency

Aliedson S. Ferreira, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Carlos G. S. Pedreira, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Carla M. Marassatto, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

Morphogenic Responses of Two Brachiaria Genotypes in Response to Clipping Frequency

Ana Flávia G. Faria, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Carlos G. S. Pedreira, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Diego N. L. Pequeno, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Liliane S. Silva, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Damião W. Nguluve, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Aliedson S. Ferreira, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

Seasonal Expression of Apospory in Bahiagrass

Esteban F. Rios, University of Florida
Ann Blount, University of Florida
Kevin E. Kenworthy, University of Florida
Carlos A. Acuña, Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Argentina
Kenneth H. Quesenberry, University of Florida

Performance of Young Nellore Bulls Grazing Marandu Grass Pasture at Different Heights

Ricardo A. Reis, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Andre L. S. Valente, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Sharadinny M. C. dos Santos, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Fernando H. M. de Souza, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Telma T. Berchielli, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Ana C. Ruggieri, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Sabrina S. Santana, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Juliana M. Serra, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil

Animal Performance and Productivity of a New Cultivar of Brachiaria brizantha

Valéria P. B. Euclides, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Denise B. Montagner, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Cacilda B. Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Nayana N. Nantes, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Growth of Bali Bulls on Rations Containing Sesbania grandiflora in Central Lombok, Indonesia

H. Dahlanuddin, University of Mataram, Indonesia
Baiq Tutik Yuliana, Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology, Indonesia
Tanda Panjaitan, Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology, Indonesia
Michael J. Halliday, The University of Queensland, Australia
H. Max Shelton, The University of Queensland, Australia

Selection of Psyllid-Resistant Forage Varieties from an Inter-Specific Breeding Program of Leucaena leucocephala with L. pallida

Scott A. Dalzell, The University of Queensland, Australia
Lachlan M. Robertson, The University of Queensland, Australia
Christopher J. Lambrides, The University of Queensland, Australia
James L. Brewbaker, University of Hawaii
Del Greenway, The University of Queensland, Australia
Mark Dieters, The University of Queensland, Australia
H. Max Shelton, The University of Queensland, Australia

Potential of Australian Bermudagrasses (Cynodon spp.) for Pasture in Subtropical Australia

Andrew Hacker, The University of Queensland, Australia
Meena Puachuay, The University of Queensland, Australia
H. Max Shelton, The University of Queensland, Australia
Scott A. Dalzell, The University of Queensland, Australia
Haider Al Dabbagh, The University of Queensland, Australia
Margaret Jewell, The University of Queensland, Australia
Thinh Van Tran, The University of Queensland, Australia
The Ngo, The University of Queensland, Australia
Yi Zhou, The University of Queensland, Australia
Michael J. Halliday, The University of Queensland, Australia
Hayley E. Giles, The University of Queensland, Australia
Don S. Loch, The University of Queensland, Australia
Ian D. Godwin, The University of Queensland, Australia
Fukai Shu, The University of Queensland, Australia
Chris O’Brien, The University of Queensland, Australia
Will Pearce, The University of Queensland, Australia
William F. Anderson, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Christopher J. Lambrides, The University of Queensland, Australia

Establishment of Leucaena leucocephala cv. Tarramba in Eastern Indonesia

Jacob Nulik, BPTP, NTT, Indonesia
H. Dahlanuddin, University of Mataram, Indonesia
Debora Kana Hau, BPTP, NTT, Indonesia
Charles Pakereng, BPTP, NTT, Indonesia
Resti G. Edison, BPTP, NTT, Indonesia
Dessy Liubana, BPTP, NTT, Indonesia
S. P. Ara, BPTP, NTT, Indonesia
Hayley E. Giles, The University of Queensland, Australia

Effect of Grazing Height on Marandu Pasture Production and Performance of Soybean Grain-Supplemented Nellore Bulls

Andre L. S. Valente, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Ricardo A. Reis, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Sharadinny M. C. dos Santos, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Fernando H. M. de Souza, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Telma T. Berchielli, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Ana C. Ruggieri, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Sabrina S. Santana, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil
Juliana M. Serra, Sao Paulo State University, Brazil

Structural Characteristics of Porto Rico Stargrass (Cynodon nlemfuensis) Pastures under Different Frequencies and Severities of Defoliation

Carlos Augusto Brandão de Carvalho, Federal Rural of Rio de Janeiro University, Brazil
Sergio Trabali Camargo Filho, Pesagro-Rio, Brazil
Domingos Sávio Campos Paciullo, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Pablo Giliard Zanella, Federal Rural of Rio de Janeiro University, Brazil
Elisa Cristina Modesto, Federal Rural of Rio de Janeiro University, Brazil
Priscila Beligoli Fernandes, Federal Rural of Rio de Janeiro University, Brazil