Track 08-1: Climate Change and Impact on Grasslands/Rangelands

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

Carbon Stocks and Environmental Controls of China's Grasslands

Jingyun Fang, Peking University, China
Yuanhe Yang, Peking University, China
Wenhong Ma, Peking University, China
Anwar Mohammat, Peking University, China

The Climate Change Challenge for Managed Grasslands in New Zealand

Judy Lawrence, PSConsulting Ltd., New Zealand

The Impact of Climate Change on Grassland--A Modelling Approach

Lianhai Wu, SAC, UK
C. F. E. Topp, SAC, UK

Carbon Balance in Stand of an Annual Herb at an Elevated CO2 Concentration

Almaz Borjigidai, Central University for Nationalities, China
Kouki Hikosaka, Tohoku University, Japan
Tadaki Hirose, Tohoku University, Japan

Interactions between Defoliation, Warming, and Drought in a Native Northern Grassland in Alberta, Canada

J. F. Cahill, University of Alberta, Canada
E. W. Bork, University of Alberta, Canada
S. X. Chang, University of Alberta, Canada
H. C. Proctor, University of Alberta, Canada
S. D. Wilson, University of Regina, Canada

Soil Carbon in Soils of South Coastal Western Australia under Different Farm Management Systems, Including Sub‐Tropical Perennial Pastures

N. Y. Chalmer, South Coast Natural Resource Management Board, Australia

Response of CO2 Emissions to the Grazing and Enclosure in Temperate Grassland Ecosystem

Junbo Chen, Lanzhou University, China
Zhigang Li, Lanzhou University, China
Fujiang Hou, Lanzhou University, China

Carbon Exchange from Four Agro‐Ecosystems on the Loess Plateau, China

Xianjiang Chen, Lanzhou University, China
Fujiang Hou, Lanzhou University, China

Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change in Beef Production Systems in Central Queensland

David H. Cobon, Queensland Climate Change Centre of Excellence, Australia
N. R. Toombs, Queensland Climate Change Centre of Excellence, Australia

A Scientific Framework for Forecasting Carbon Sequestration in Rangelands

Christopher Dean, Forest Products Commission, Australia
R. J. Harper, Forest Products Commission, Australia

Seasonal and Diurnal Variations of Net Ecosystem CO2 Exchange over Songnen Meadow Steppe in Northeastern China

Gang Dong, Northeast Normal University, China
Jixun Guo, Northeast Normal University, China
Liangjun Hu, Northeast Normal University, China

The Influence of Simulating Warming Effect on Ranunculus brotherusii

Jianzhong Zhao, Grassland Working Station of Qinhai Province, China
Wei Liu, Chinese Academy of Science, China

Carbon Dynamics and Mitigation of Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emissions in Agroecosystems with Pinus ponderosa (Dougl. Ex Laws) and Native Pastures Established on Degraded Volcanic Soils in the Chilean Patagonia

Francis Dube, University of Concepción, Chile
Neal B. Stolpe, University of Concepción, Chile
Erick Zagal Venegas, University of Concepción, Chile
Miguel Espinosa Bancalari, University of Concepción, Chile

The Challenge of Managing Key Supporting Ecosystem Services in Complex Land Tenure/Land Use Systems--the C Cycle in Mexican Semiarid Grasslands

Elisabeth Huber‐Sannwald, Instituto Potosino de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica, Mexico
Tulio Arredondo Moreno, Instituto Potosino de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica, Mexico
Josué Delgado Balbuena, Instituto Potosino de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica, Mexico
Monica Ribeiro Palacios, Instituto Potosino de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica, Mexico

Climate Change and Human Activity Impacts on the Net Primary Production of Alpine Grassland in Northern Tibet, China

Qingzhu Gao, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Yue Li, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Yunfan Wan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Wangzha Jiangcun, Nagqu Bureau of Agriculture and Husbandry Management Department, China
Baoshan Wang, Nagqu Bureau of Agriculture and Husbandry Management Department, China
Wenfu Li, Nagqu Bureau of Agriculture and Husbandry Management Department, China

Effect of Increased Autumn Temperature and CO2 Concentration on Frost Hardening and Winter Survival in Lolium perenne

Mats Höglind, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norway
M. Jørgensen, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norway
Liv Østrem, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norway
L. Mortensen, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norway

Effect of Grazing and Re‐Establishment of Native Species on Soil Organic Matter Sequestration for the Semiarid Central Grasslands of Canada

A. D. Iwaasa, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
B. McConkey, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Michael P. Schellenberg, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

Effects of Fence on Daily Variation of CO2 Flux from the Soil in Subalpine Meadow of Xinjiang

Ping'an Jiang

Australian Soil Carbon Accreditation Scheme (ASCAS)

Christine Jones, Amazing Carbon, Australia

Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by the Energy Grass, Miscanthus X giganteus

Michael B. Jones, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
D. Styles, Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland
J. C. Clifton Brown, Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, UK

Warming‐Induced Decline in Ecosystem Services Is Mitigated by Plant Traits on the Tibetan Plateau

Julia A. Klein, Colorado State University
J. Harte, University of California, Berkeley
X. Q. Zhao, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Climate and Grazing Interact to Control Rangeland Vegetative Characteristics at a Regional Scale on the Tibetan Plateau

Julia A. Klein, Colorado State University
J. Harte, University of California, Berkeley
X. Q. Zhao, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Carbon Sequestration by Grasslands and Forests

L. T. Mannetje

Non‐CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated with Winter Management and Farm Effluent Application in Grazed Grassland Systems in New Zealand

Jiafa Luo, AgResearch, New Zealand
Surinder Saggar, Landcare Research, New Zealand
Sterwart F. Ledgard, AgResearch, New Zealand

Process‐Based Modelling of Timothy Survival in Winter

Marcel van Oijen, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, UK
S. M. Thorsen, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norway
A. H. M. C. Schapendonk, Plant Dynamics, The Netherlands
Mats Höglind, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norway

Socio‐Ecological Influences on Grazier Uptake of Seasonal Climate Forecasts on the Rangelands in Australia

Nadine A. Marshall, CSIRO, Australia
A. J. Ash, CSIRO, Australia
I. J. Gordon, CSIRO, Australia
C. K. McDonald, CSIRO, Australia

Plant Productivity Responses to Rising Atmospheric CO2 and Warming in Semi‐Arid Grassland in Wyoming, USA

Jack A. Morgan, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Elise Pendall, University of Wyoming
D. G. Williams, University of Wyoming
D. R. LeCain, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Dana M. Blumenthal, U.S. Department of Agriculture
F. A. Dijkstra, U.S. Department of Agriculture
F. Miglietta, Institute for Biometeorology, Italy
Bruce A. Kimball, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Impacts of Human Interference and Climate Variability on the Grasslands of Kerala

K. Shadananan Nair, Centre for Earth Research & Environment Management, India

A Conceptual Model to Explain Increasing Woody Biomass in Arid and Semi‐Arid Regions

Anthony R. Palmer, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa
D. Eamus, University of Technology Sydney, Australia

The Soil Organic Carbon Spatial Distribution of Degraded Grassland with Black Soil Type in the Source Region of Yellow River

Duofeng Pan, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Y. S. Ma, Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, China
Y. X. Zhang, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Research on the Relationship between Climate and Plant Community in North Grassland of China

Xuebiao Pan, China Agricultural University, China
Yurong Wei, China Agricultural University, China
Buju Long, China Agricultural University, China
Zhihua Pan, China Agricultural University, China

Initial Responses of Carbon Cycling to Elevated CO2 and Warming in Native Semiarid Grassland, Wyoming, USA

Elise Pendall, University of Wyoming
S. Bachman, University of Wyoming
F. A. Dijkstra, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Jack A. Morgan, U.S. Department of Agriculture
M. A. Wallenstein, Colorado State University
D. G. Williams, University of Wyoming

Methane Yields from Grazing Livestock: An Overview

Cesar S. Pinares-Patiño, AgResearch, New Zealand
H. Clark, AgResearch, New Zealand

The Application of Dynamic Evaluating Models of the Meteorological Condition Effects on Natural Grassland Vegetation in China

Shuan Qian, China Meteorological Administration, China
L. X. Mao, China Meteorological Administration, China
M. Wang, China Meteorological Administration, China
Y. H. Zhang, China Meteorological Administration, China

Effects of Different Management on Soil Organic Carbon Dynamics in Chinese Grassland Systems

Feng Shi, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Yu'e Li, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Qingzhu Gao, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Lin Jin, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Soil‐Atmosphere Exchange and Mitigation of Nitrous Oxide and Methane Emissions in New Zealand's Terrestrial Biosphere

Surinder Saggar, Landcare Research, New Zealand
K. R. Tate, Landcare Research, New Zealand
D. L. Giltrap, Landcare Research, New Zealand
J. Singh, Landcare Research, New Zealand

Investigation of Affecting Some Climatic Factors on Distribution of Plant Societies in Eastern Alborz (IR‐Iran)

Mohammadreza Tatian, Azad University, Iran
Muhammad Ali Bahmanyar, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran
Reza Tamartash, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran
Hamid Jalilvand, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran

Differential Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Additions on the Ecology of Soil and Vegetation of Dry Tropical Forests and Derived Savanna Ecosystems in India

S. K. Tripathi, Banaras Hindu University, India
K. P. Singh, Banaras Hindu University, India

T-FACE Experiment in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Shiping Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Jinhui Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Caiyun Luo, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Xingwu Lin, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Yingnian Li, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Xinquan Zhao, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Bruce A. Kimball, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Effects of Orchard Green Cover on Accumulation and Emission of Soil Organic Carbon

Y. X. Wang, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Boqi Weng, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Z. D. Wu, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Yibin Huang, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Z. D. Zheng, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, China

Carbon Dynamic in the Decomposer Subsystem of the Leymus chinensis Grassland in Northeastern China

Yong Wang, Ministry of Education, China
Jixun Guo, Northeast Normal University, China

Methane Seasonal Emission from Mongolian Sheep Fed Leymus chinensis

Yongxin Wang, Shanxi Agricultural University, China
Shiping Wang, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, China

Managing Carbon Sources and Sinks in Australia's Rangelands and Tropical Savannas

Richard J. Williams, CSIRO, Australia
L. B. Hutley, Charles Darwin University, Australia
J. Beringer, Monash University, Australia
G. D. Cook, CSIRO, Australia
J. Russell‐Smith, Bushfires Council of the Northern Territory, Australia
L. Liedloff, CSIRO, Australia

Grassland Production under Various Meteorological Conditions in Xilingol, Inner Mongolia, China

Ruhan Yi, Jinan University, China
Masae Shiyomi, Ibaraki University, Japan
Likun Ai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Carbon Dynamics (2000-2006) over the Northern Great Plains Grasslands

Li Zhang, U.S. Geological Survey
Bruce Wylie, U.S. Geological Survey
Lei Ji, U.S. Geological Survey
Tagir Gilmanov, South Dakota State University
Larry L. Tieszen, U.S. Geological Survey

Study on Methane Diurnal Emission nearby Cuona Lake in Naqu of Tibet with Different Humidity

Zhongxin Zhang, Capital Normal University, China
Yunfan Wan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Yu'e Li, Capital Normal University, China
Qingzhu Gao, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Effects of Ice Encasement during Winter on Different Cultivars of Phleum pratense and Lolium perenne in Norway

M. Jørgensen, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norway
Liv Østrem, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norway
A. K. Bakken, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norway
Mats Höglind, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norway

Spatial Pattern and Uncertainty of Soil Organic Carbon and Implications for Sampling Design

Feng Liu, Texas A&M University
Xinyuan Ben Wu, Texas A&M University
E. Bai, Texas A&M University
Thomas W. Boutton, Texas A&M University
Steven R. Archer, University of Arizona

Carbon Sequestration Potential of Organic Pasture in Thailand

Thumrongsakd Phonbumrung, Mahidol University, Thailand
Suriyapong Watanasak, Mahidol University, Thailand
Chirapol Sintunawa, Mahidol University, Thailand
Charlie Navanukraha, Mahidol University, Thailand

The Effect of Climate Change on Livestock Carrying Capacity of Inner Mongolia

Yurong Wei, Inner Mongolia Ecological and Agricultural Meteorological Center, China
Ruiqing Guo, The Meteorological Information Center of Inner Mongolia, China
Xuebiao Pan, China Agricultural University, China
Buju Long, China Agricultural University, China

Study on Temporal‐Spatial Variability of Climatic Factors and Its Influence on Net Primary Production of Grassland in Inner Mongolia, China

Guogang Zhang, Kochi University, Japan
Yumei Kang, Kochi University, Japan

Spatial Patterns of Main Species of the Grassland Community in the Recovering Succession in Wangong Sandy Land

Chen Wei, Beijing Forestry University, China

Livestock Diversity and Climate Change in Rangelands

Irene Hoffmann, Food and Agriculture Organization
Beate Scherf, Food and Agriculture Organization
David Boerma, Food and Agriculture Organization