Track 12-1: Developing Improved Plants

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

Developing Ecologically‐Adapted Plants for Farming Systems in Southern Australia: Perennials for the Medium to Low Rainfall Zone

Sarita Jane Bennett, Future Farm Industries CRC, Australia

Integration of Traditional and Biotech Approaches to Improve Forage Lotus Species for Stressing Environments in South America

Mónica Rebuffo, INIA, Uruguay
Juan Sanjuán, Estación Experimental del Zaidin‐CSIC, Spain
Birgit K. Hougaard, University of Aarhus, Denmark
Niels Sandal, University of Aarhus, Denmark
Lene H. Madsen, University of Aarhus, Denmark
Jens Stougaard, University of Aarhus, Denmark
Antonio J. Márquez, Universidad de Sevilla, Spain

Isolation and Cloning of Genes Induced by Sodium Carbonate in Leymus chinensis

Z. W. Liang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
X. J. Kong, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
M. Liu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
H. Y. Ma, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Z. C. Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Development of Genomic Tools for Wheatgrass and Wildrye Improvement

Richard R. C. Wang, U.S. Department of Agriculture
B. Shaun Bushman, U.S. Department of Agriculture
S. R. Larson, U.S. Department of Agriculture
I. W. Mott, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Effect on the Wheatgrass Somaclone Inducement by Genotype and Culture Medium

Jihong Xie, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Jinfeng Yun, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Jinchuan Liu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Estilosantes Campo Grande: An Economical and Environmental Success Forage Legume for the Tropics

Celso D. Fernandes, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Bela Grof, Amiga Court, Australia
Rosangela M. S. Resende, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Jaqueline R. Verzignassi, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Cesar Heraclides Behling Miranda, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Growth Characteristics and Productivity of a New Cold‐Tolerant Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) Variety Kowinearly in Northern Part of South Korea

Gi-jun Choi, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Young-chul Lim, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Byung-ryul Sung, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Ki‐yong Kim, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Jong-kyung Lee, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Keun-bal Lim, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Hyung-soo Park, National Institute Subtropical Agriculture, South Korea
Sung Seo, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Hee-chung Ji, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea

Metabolic Response of Lolium Perenne to Drought Stress

Heike Hahn, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
J. Kopka, Max-Planck-Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Germany
Oliver Fiehn, University of California, Davis
B. Scott, Massey University, New Zealand

Improvement of Forage Grass Quality for Future Climate and Agricultural Demands

C. S. Jensen, DLF-TRIFOLIUM Ltd., Denmark
T. Didion, DLF-TRIFOLIUM Ltd., Denmark
G. Gadegaard, DLF-TRIFOLIUM Ltd., Denmark
I. Lenk, DLF-TRIFOLIUM Ltd., Denmark
C. Gao, DLF-TRIFOLIUM Ltd., Denmark
M. Folling, DLF-TRIFOLIUM Ltd., Denmark
R. Sabroe, DLF-TRIFOLIUM Ltd., Denmark
K. K. Nielsen, DLF-TRIFOLIUM Ltd., Denmark

Agrobacterium‐Mediated Genetic Transformation of Elymus breviaristatus with Pseudomonas Pseudoalcaligenes Insecticidal Protein Gene

Daxu Li, Sichuan Academy of Grassland Science, China
Shiqie Bai, Sichuan Academy of Grassland Science, China
Gang Liu, Sichuan Academy of Grassland Science, China
Minghong You, Sichuan Academy of Grassland Science, China

Genetic Diversity of Hemarthria compressa Germplasm in Southwest China Detected by ISSR Markers

Fang Li, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Yan Fan, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Xinquan Zhang, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Xiao Ma, Sichuan Agricultural University, China

Heritability and Genetic Correlations of Forage Yield Traits in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) for Central Valley of Mexico

B. Alarcon‐Zuniga, Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Mexico
R. Perdomo‐Gomez, Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Mexico

Tiller Development of Three Bromegrass (Bromus) Species Following Defoliation

Biligetu, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
B. E. Coulman, University of Saskatchewan, Canada

The Forage Selection Program at the Cerrados Research Center--33 Years of Contributions for the Tropics

Marcelo A. Carvalho, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Claudio T. Karia, EMBRAPA, Brazil
A. O. Barcellos, EMBRAPA, Brazil
G. G. Leite, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Lourival Vilela, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Allan K. B. Ramos, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Francisco Duarte Fernandes, EMBRAPA, Brazil
S. V. Paula-Moraes, EMBRAPA, Brazil
G. B. Martha Júnior, EMBRAPA, Brazil
R. Guimarães Júnior, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Establishment of Perennial Forage Crops Using Fast‐Growing Short‐Lived Grasses as Companion Crops

Bruce E. Coulman, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Cheryl Duncan, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
Tim Nelson, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
Arend Kleinhout, Holtug Strandvej, Denmark

Techniques for Artificial Hybridization in the Self‐Pollinated Forage Legume Bituminaria bituminosa and the Cross‐Pollinated Forage Legume Hedysarum coronarium

D. Real, University of Western Australia, Australia
K. Foster, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
Enrique Correal, Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario, Spain
D. Kidd, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
P. Mendez, Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agrarias, Spain

Germplasm Improvement in Pasture Legumes by Developing Core Collections

K. Ghamkhar, University of Western Australia, Australia
R. Snowball, Department of Agriculture, Australia
M. Ryan, University of Western Australia, Australia
Ph. Nichols, Department of Agriculture, Australia
R. Appels, Murdoch University, Australia

Dactylis glomerata ssp. Hispanica (Roth) Nyman, Cultivars Uplands and Sendace, Drought Tolerant Forage Grasses for Temperate Environments

Eric J. Hall, Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, Australia
P. A. Lane, University of Tasmania, Australia
A. M. Hurst, Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, Australia

The Development of Talish Clover (Trifolium tumens Steven ex M. Bieb.) as a Potential New Perennial Pasture Legume for Low Rainfall Temperate Environments

Eric J. Hall, Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, Australia
A. M. Hurst, Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, Australia

Development of Improved Wheatgrasses for the Southern Great Plains of the USA

Andrew A. Hopkins, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation

Selection of Panicum maximum Genotypes under Different Shade Levels

Liana Jank, EMBRAPA, Brazil
M. M. Gontijo Neto, EMBRAPA, Brazil
V. A. Laura, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Rosangela M. S. Resende, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Cacilda Borges do Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Carbon Isotope Discrimination, Selection Response, and Forage Production of Tall Fescue in Contrasting Environments

R. C. Johnson, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Andrew A. Hopkins, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation
M. A. Evans, Washington State University

Establishment and Growth of Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea) Cultivars with Spring Sowing in Southern Australia

Zhongnan Nie, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
B. Clark, Department of Primary Industries, Australia

Genetic Analysis of Selfed and Open Pollinated Progenies of Stylosanthes capitata

Rosangela M. S. Resende, EMBRAPA, Brazil
M. D. V. Resende, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Liana Jank, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Lucimara Chiari, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Cacilda B. Valle, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Methods for the Assessment of Cell Wall Composition in Miscanthus and Other 'Energy Grasses'

Mark P. Robbins, Institute of Biology and Environmental Research Sciences, UK
G. G. Allison, Institute of Biology and Environmental Research Sciences, UK
E. Hodgson, Institute of Biology and Environmental Research Sciences, UK
C. Morris, Institute of Biology and Environmental Research Sciences, UK
S. Gill, Institute of Biology and Environmental Research Sciences, UK
I. S. Donnison, Institute of Biology and Environmental Research Sciences, UK

Preliminary Evaluation of Lespedeza juncea var. sericea in South‐Western Australia

R. Snowball, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
T. Albertsen, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
K. Gajda, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
D. Real, University of Western Australia, Australia
Ronald Yates, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
B. Cohen, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia

Drought‐Tolerance in Perennial Ryegrass: A Cisgenic® Approach

Kerry Templeton, Pastoral Genomics, New Zealand
C. Bryant, Pastoral Genomics, New Zealand
M. Biswas, Pastoral Genomics, New Zealand
G. Gill, Pastoral Genomics, New Zealand
S. Bajaj, Pastoral Genomics, New Zealand
P. Sathish, Pastoral Genomics, New Zealand
C. Hanley, Pastoral Genomics, New Zealand

Selection for Low Oxalic Acid Content on Three Setarias phacelata Segregating Populations

J. A. Usberti Jr., Campinas Agronomic Institute, Brazil
R. Usberti, Plant Protection Agency, Brazil
P. B. Alcantara, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
W. B. G. Alcantara, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
R. A. Possenti, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
Waldssimiler T. Mattos, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
M. A. C. Lucena, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
Luciana Gerdes, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
A. T. Tsuhako, Matsuda Seed and Animal Nutrition Co., Brazil

Relationship among Seed Parameters and Flowering Cycles on Three Gamba Grass (Andropogon gayanus Kunth) Segregating Populations

R. Usberti, Plant Protection Agency, Brazil
J. A. Usberti Jr., Campinas Agronomic Institute, Brazil
P. B. Alcantara, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
V. B. G. Alcantara, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
Waldssimiler T. Mattos, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
R. A. Possenti, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
Luciana Gerdes, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
M. A. C. Lucena, Zootecnia Institute, Brazil
A. T. Tsuhako, Matsuda Seed and Animal Nutrition Co., Brazil

Evaluation for Seed Yield and Seed Components among Accessions of Crested Wheatgrass (Agropyron desertorum and Agropyron cristatum)

R. Taghizadeh, Islamic Azad University, Iran
A. Jafari, Islamic Azad University, Iran
R. Choukan
A. Asghari

Overexpression of the Arabidopsis AVP 1 Gene Enhanced the Salt‐ and Drought‐Tolerance Intransgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

Aike Bao, Lanzhou University, China
Suomin Wang, Lanzhou University, China
Guoqiang Wu, Lanzhou University, China
Jiejun Xi, Lanzhou University, China
Jinlin Zhang, Lanzhou University, China

Identification, Evaluation and Molecular Characterization of Stylosanthes seabrana--a Potential and Nutritious Range Legume Having Wider Applicability in India

A. Chandra, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
R. K. Bhatt, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
A. B. Majumdar, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
S. Kumar, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
D. Nagaich, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
K. Kumar, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India

Genetic Resources of Temperate Legumes for Improving Forage Quality in Russia

V. F. Chapurin, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Russia
A. V. Bukhteeva, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Russia

Photosynthesis and Productivity of New Lines and Released Cultivars of Whipgrass in a Southwest China Environment

Lingzhi Chen, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Chunhua Yang, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Xiantao Fu, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Fang Li, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Wenjun Zhang, Sichuan Agricultural University, China

Breeding for Cold‐Tolerant Lines of Stylosanthes guianensis in Southern China

Zhenfei Guo, South China Agricultural University, China
Huashan Tang, South China Agricultural University, China
Guozheng Xie, South China Agricultural University, China
Yuejing Niu, South China Agricultural University, China
Youguang Chen, South China Agricultural University, China
Shaoyun Lu, South China Agricultural University, China

Effect of Calcium on Drought Resistance of Alfalfa Seedling

Yibao Jiang, Henan Agricultural University, China
Guowen Cui, Northeast Agricultural University, China
Chengzhang Wang, Henan Agricultural University, China
Xuebing Yan, Henan Agricultural University, China

Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) of Leaf Cell Morphology and Inheritance for Corn Leaf Aphid (CLA) Resistance in Maize

Hee-chung Ji, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Joung-kyong Lee, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
B. R. Sung, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
K. Y. Kim, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
K. J. Choi, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Keun-bal Lim, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
W. H. Kim, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Sung Seo, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea

Development of Transgenic Tall Fescue Plants with Enhanced Tolerance to Multiple Abiotic Stresses

K. H. Kim, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Sang‐hoon Lee, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
K. W. Lee, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
C. H. Park, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
I. Alam, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
D. G. Lee, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Sang‐soo Kwak, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, South Korea
Byung‐hyun Lee, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea

Field Performance of Transgenic Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) with Enhanced Tolerance to Environmental Stress

Ki-yong Kim, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Sang-hoon Lee, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Gi-jun Choi, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Hee-chung Ji, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Joung-kyong Lee, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Keun-bal Lim, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Byung-ryul Seong, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Sung Seo, National Institute of Animal Science, South Korea
Byung‐hyun Lee, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Sang‐soo Kwak, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, South Korea

The Effect of Utilization Method on the Changes of Species Composition of Sward with Share of Festulolium loliaceum (Huds.) P. Fourn.

Mariusz Kulik, Agricultural University of Lublin, Poland

Effect of NTHK1 Gene to Transgenic Alfalfa Leaf Enlargement

Cong Li, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Chengjun Deng, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Genetic Analysis of Genotype X Environment Interaction for Yield Components of E. canadensis, E. sibiricus and Their Hybrids

Jinghuan Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Jinfeng Yun, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Shuyan Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Effect of Low Temperature Stress on Malondialdehyde (MDA) Contents in Alfalfa Taproots

P. Li, China Agricultural University, China
Jianguo Han, China Agricultural University, China
Y. W. Wang, China Agricultural University, China

Genetic Diversity of Seven Xinjiang Bermudagrass--Isozyme Electrophoretic Patterns

Abulaiti, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Peiying Li, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Zongjiu Sun, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China

Studies on Morphology, Cytogenetics and Fertility of BC1F1 of Hybrid F1 between Elymus dahuricus and Hordeum brevisubulatum

Zaozhe Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Jinfeng Yun, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Zhuo Yu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Application of SSH and a Macroarray to Identify Genes Involved in Aluminum Tolerance of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

J. J. Li, Zhejiang University, China
X. W. Li, Zhejiang University, China
Z. S. Xia, Zhejiang University, China
Y. M. Wu, Zhejiang University, China
J. X. Liu, Zhejiang University, China

Study on AFLP Based Genetic Diversity in Oats

Huan Liu, Gansu Agriculutral University, China
Ping Mu, Gansu Agriculutral University, China
Guiqin Zhao, Gansu Agriculutral University, China

Progress of Research on Submergence Tolerant Grass Species

Kexin Liu, Hunan Agricultural University, China
Keyun Li, Hunan Animal Husbandry Research Institute, China

Genetic Diversity of Cynodon dactylonin Southwest of China by RAPD and ISSR Markers

Wei Liu, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Xinquan Zhang, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Xiao Ma, Sichuan Agricultural University, China

Salt Tolerance in Cultivars of Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea)

Zhanbin Liu, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Qinghua Yuan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Qimei Jing, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China