Track 10-1: Integration of Crops, Forage and Forest Systems

The XXI International Grassland Congress / VIII International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

XXI International Grassland Congress/
VIII International Rangeland Congress:
Integration of Crops, Forage and Forest Systems

Integration of Small Holder Crop‐Forage‐Livestock Systems in South East Asia--an Eastern Indonesian Case Study

Neil D. MacLeod, CSIRO, Australia
Shaun Lisson, CSIRO, Australia
Cam McDonald, CSIRO, Australia
Jeff P. Corfield, University of Tasmania, Australia
Rachmat Rahman, Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sulsel, Indonesia
Ketut Puspadi, Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sulsel, Indonesia

Integrating Forage into Traditional Farming System in the Western Loess Plateau, China--Challenges, Constraints and the Future

Yuying Shen, Lanzhou University, China
Murray Unkovich, The University of Adelaide, Australia
Zhibiao Nan, Lanzhou University, China

Traditional Uses of Wild Grasses amongst Three Kenyan Farming Communities

N. M. Nganga, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kenya
F. N. Muyekho, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kenya
Z. R. Khan, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, Kenya
R. S. Copeland, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, Kenya

Pasture Management Strategies to Support Sustainable Production of Dual Purpose Farms in Western Venezuela

Dario Osechas, Universidad de Los Andes, Venezuela
Ligia Becerra, Universidad de Los Andes, Venezuela

From Forages to Perennial Grain Polycultures: Illinois Bundleflower‐Intermediate Wheatgrass Dual Purpose Mixtures

V. D. Picasso, Iowa State University
E. C. Brummer, University of Georgia
M. Liebman, Iowa State University

The Impact of a Wide-Spread Insect Outbreak and Subsequent Timber Harvesting on Forested Rangelands

Matthew D. Braun, Ministry of Forests and Range, Canada

Exploitation Enhancement of Buffaloes Manure Application vs Conventional Cultivation in Intensive Two Forage Cropping Models per Year--Results on Agronomic Purposes

Pasquale Martiniello, Istituto Sperimentale Colture Foraggere, Italy
E. Sabia, Istituto Sperimentale Colture Foraggere, Italy
E. Rossi, Istituto Sperimentale per la Zootecnia , Italy
S. Concetti, Istituto Sperimentale per la Zootecnia , Italy

Intake and Nutritional Value of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu in a Silvopastoral System

Rogerio M. Mauricio, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Brazil
N. M. Rodriguz, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
L. F. Sousa, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
E. O. S. Saliba, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
L. C. Gonçalves, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
G. R. Moreira, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil

Integrating Dual‐Purpose Wheat Crops into Different Sheep Production Systems in Southern Australia: Impacts on Livestock, Economic Returns and Risk

Andrew D. Moore, CSIRO, Australia
H. Dove, CSIRO, Australia
W. M. Kelman, CSIRO, Australia

Impact of Preceding Cropping and Cutting Height on Stand Uniformity of Corn

Souichiro Morita, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Tsutomu Kanno, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Shunji Kurokawa, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
S. Sato, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Y. Yoshimura, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan

Simulating Options for Managing Seasonal and Annual Variations in Feed Supply of Mixed Crop/Livestock Systems in Sub‐Tropical Australia

Lindsay W. Bell, CSIRO, Australia

Alleviating Poverty and Managing Natural Resources through Integrated Crop‐Livestock Systems Research in Western China

William D. Bellotti, University of Adelaide, Australia
Z. B. Nan, Lanzhou University, China
Y. Y. Shen, Lanzhou University, China
F. J. Hou, Lanzhou University, China
S. Pain, University of Adelaide, Australia
Lihua Li, Lanzhou University, China
Xiaoyan Wang, Lanzhou University, China

Beef Cattle Performance in a Silvopastoral System Fertilized with N and K, in Brazilian Cerrado

F. S. Bernardino, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
R. Garcia, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
J. C. L. Neves, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
R. G. Tonucci, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil

Characterization of Soil Properties under Legume and Non‐Legume Tree Canopies Occurring in Signal Grass (Brachiaria decumbens Stapf.) Pastures

José C. B. Dubeux Jr., Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
M. A. Lira, Instituto Agronômico de Pernambuco, Brazil
M. V. F. Santos, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
D. M. Barros, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
M. A. Silva, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
Alexandre C. L. de Mello, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil

Beef Cattle Performance in a Silvopastoral System in Brazilian Cerrado

R. Garcia, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
F. S. Bernardino, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
J. C. L. Neves, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
R. G. Tonucci, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
K. F. Gobbi, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil

Saltbush Alley Cropping Effects on Crop and Livestock Production On‐Farm in the Dry Areas of Northern Syria

F. Ghassali, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
A. E. Osman, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
A. Larbi, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
M. Singh, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
J. Tiedeman, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
B. Norton, Center for the Management of Arid Environments, Australia

Morphological and Anatomical Characteristics of Forage Peanut under Shade

K. F. Gobbi, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
R. Garcia, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
A. F. Garcez Neto, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
M. C. Ventrella, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
O. G. Pereira, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil
G. C. Rocha, Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil

N Mineralization in Soil from 5‐and 9‐Year Lucerne Stands on the Loess Plateau

Fanghu Han, Lanzhou University, China
Yuying Shen, Lanzhou University, China

A Successful Approach to Integrating Wildlife Management into Grassland and Rangeland Conservation in the United States

L. Peter Heard, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Terrell Erickson, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Wendell Gilgert, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Dennis Thompson, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Factors Affecting Pasture Growth in a Densely Planted Willow Browse Block

Z. Hussain, Massey University, New Zealand
Peter D. Kemp, Massey University, New Zealand
David J. Horne, Massey University, New Zealand
I. K. D. Jaya, Massey University, New Zealand

Farmer‐Participatory Evaluation of Summer Feeding Strategies in Afghanistan: Growth of Cow‐Calf Pairs Grazing Native Pasture Supplemented with Oil‐Seed Cake

A. Larbi, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
S. Nezamuddin, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
S. Mahmood, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
M. Najibulla, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
K. Amegbeto, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria

Seeding Rate and Cultivar Effect on Bahiagrass Establishment

Y. C. Newman, University of Florida
Jason A. Ferrell, University of Florida
A. R. Blount, University of Florida
Lynn E. Sollenberger, University of Florida

Sustainability of Semi‐Arid Extensive Livestock Systems in Senegal: Elements for Modelling Animal‐Plant Interactions

G. Chirat, INRA, France
F. Bocquier, INRA, France
F. Bousquet, CIRAD, France
A. Ickowicz, INRA, France

Direct Sowing of Maize in a Grass Sward

N. van Eekeren, Louis Bolk Institute, The Netherlands
U. Prins, Louis Bolk Institute, The Netherlands

Prevention of Ruminal Acidosis by Manipulating Physically Effective Fibre (peNDF) of Forage

W. Z. Yang, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
K. A. Beauchemin, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada

Sustainable Grassland Management--A Case‐Based Analysis of 3 Tibetan Villages in Sichuan, China

Wei Han, Sichuan Academy of Social Science, China
Xiaoming Guo, Sichuan Academy of Social Science, China

Study of Phenological Stages Effect on Nutritive Values of Twelve Species in Hamadan Rangelands, Iran

M. R. Sadeghimanesh, Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center, Iran
Hossein Arzani, University of Tehran, Iran
Hossein Azarnivand, University of Tehran, Iran
E. Shahriary, University of Tehran, Iran

Effect of Cattle Grazing on Native Forage Biomass Yield in Extensive Grazing Systems of Southern Bolivia

H. Alzérreca, Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Bolivia
M. Miranda, Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Bolivia
Svenja Marquardt, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Michael Kreuzer, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Andrea C. Mayer, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

Modelling Sustainability of Agropastoral Systems in Bolivian Arid Highlands

I. Acosta‐Alba, INRA, France
Muriel Tichit, INRA, France
F. Leger, INRA, France

Evaluation of the Intake of Fresh Mulberry (Morus alba) in Crossbred Large White Pigs: Morphometric, Histological and Hematological Study

Yuvan Contino, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba
F. Ojeda, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba
R. Herrera, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba
Nancy Altunaga, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba
Guadalupe Pérez, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba
J. L. Moliner, Laboratorio Provincial IMV, Cuba

The Innovations of Contemporary Grassland Law and Its Differences from Nomadic Laws in Ming Dynasty

Chao Di, China Agricultural University, China
Yan Sun, Yuanming Yuan Xilu, China

Productivity of Designed Silvopastoral Systems in Five Agro‐Ecological Regions of India

M. M. Roy, Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, India
B. Ekambaram, Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, India
K. S. Dutta, Junagadh Agricultural University, India
S. M. Taley, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, India
P. Tripathi, Central Institute for Goat Research, India

Vicia Species, an Alternative Forage Crop in Semiarid Regions of Mexico

Miguel A. Flores‐O., Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Mexico
U. Figueroa‐V., Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Mexico
F. Echavarría‐Ch., Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Mexico

Diet Authentication in Lamb Meat Using Spectroscopic Methods

P. H. M. Dian, INRA, France
D. Andueza, INRA, France
J. Ballet, INRA, France
R. Jailler, INRA, France
M. Jestin, INRA, France
J. Pourrat, INRA, France
I. N. Prado, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Brazil
S. Prache, INRA, France

Forage Productivity of Flemingia macrophylla under Different Planting Density, Defoliation Management and Phosphorus Application in Chitwan, Nepal

Ram Prasad Ghimire, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Nepal
Naba R. Devkota, Department of Livestock, Nepal
Kishore Prasad Kayastha, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Nepal

Management as Factor of Quali‐Quantitative Changes in Rangeland Communities North Western Santa Fe Province, Argentine

Guillermo Chiossone, INTA, Argentina

A Study into Inter‐Planting Fruit Trees and Grass in a Frigid Zone

G. Q. Han, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Y. X. Zhang, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
W. B. Han, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
F. L. Tang, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Effect of Digested Effluent of Manure on the Growth and Yield of Dwarf Napiergrass in Southern Kyushu, Japan

H. Hasyim, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Yasuyuki Ishii, University of Miyazaki, Japan
A. Wadi, Polytechnic Agriculture Negeri Pangkep, Indonesia
R. F. Utamy, Regional Food Security Agency, Indonesia
Y. Wang, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Sachiko Idota, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Kiichi Fukuyama, University of Miyazaki, Japan

Effects of Rare Earth on the Growth Characteristics and Productivity of Rice

S. N. Hur, Chonbuk National University, Korea
C. S. Park, Chonbuk National University, Korea
B. Zhang, Chonbuk National University, Korea
J. K. Ryu, Chonbuk National University, Korea
H. S. Park, Chonbuk National University, Korea

Effect of the Use of Mulberry Forage (Morus alba) on the Performance Traits of Swine Livestock

R. E. Almaguel, Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas, Cuba
J. Ly, Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas, Cuba
Carmen María Mederos, Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas, Cuba
Elizabeth Cruz, Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas, Cuba
G. Martín, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba

Dual Purpose, Small Grain Species for Southern Brazil

Rob S. Fontaneli, Universidade de Passo Fundo, Brazil
H. P. dos Santos, EMBRAPA, Brazil
E. Caierãol
A. do Nascimento Junior, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Agroforestry and Its Role in Soil Conservation and Erosion Protection

Atena Kabir, University of Tehran, Iran
Y. Hematzade, University of Tehran, Iran
H. Barani, University of Tehran, Iran

Adaptability of Dwarf Napiergrass to Smallholders of Beef Cows in Southern Kyushu, Japan

Yasuyuki Ishii, University of Miyazaki, Japan
A. Wadi, Polytechnic Agriculture Negeri Pangkep, Indonesia
R. F. Utamy, Regional Food Security Agency, Indonesia
Y. Wang, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
S. Fukagawa, Nagasaki Livestock Experiment Station, Japan
Sachiko Idota, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Kiichi Fukuyama, University of Miyazaki, Japan

Environmental Efficiency in Mixed Crop Livestock Farming in India

K. A. C. H. A. Kothalawala, Department of Animal Production and Health, Sri Lanka
S. Kumar, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, India
H. Kothalawala, Department of Animal Production and Health, Sri Lanka

Forage Crop Introduction in Chifeng Areas, Central East of Inner Mongolia, China

Qingfeng Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Energy Analysis for the Sustainability of an Agro‐Ecosystem in Ningxia Province, China

Huilong Lin, Lanzhou University, China
Ruijun Long, Lanzhou University, China

What Caused the Degradation in 20 Years of Elm (Ulmus Pumila L.) Woodland in China

Li Liu, Northeast Normal University, China
Tingcheng Zhu, Northeast Normal University, China

Potentialities Evaluation and Sylvo‐Pastoral Improvement Test in a Semi Arid Zone in the Southwest of Algeria

D. Bouderba, Université des Sciences et Technologie H. Boumediène, Algeria
Malika Dahmani‐Megrerouche, Université des Sciences et Technologie H. Boumediène, Algeria

Rooting of Karoo Shrub Cuttings

P. J. Malan, University of the Free State, South Africa
Hennie A. Snyman, University of the Free State, South Africa

Dry Matter Production and Partition of Two Palatable Karoo Shrubs

P. J. Malan, University of the Free State, South Africa
Hennie A. Snyman, University of the Free State, South Africa