Track 01-2: Ecology of Grasslands/Rangelands

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Ecology of Grasslands/Rangelands

Rangeland Ecology and Management in a Changing World

Joel R. Brown, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Brandon T. Bestelmeyer, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Kris Havstad, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Isotopes as Natural Recorders of Grassland Ecosystem Functioning and Change

Hans Schnyder, Technische Universität München, Germany
Karl Auerswald, Technische Universität München, Germany

Small-Scale Species Richness and Its Spatial Variation in an Alpine Meadow on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Jun Chen, Shanghai Jiaotong University, China
Huakun Zhou, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Masae Shiyomi, Ibaraki University, Japan

Spatial Heterogeneity of Soil Fertility, Plant Biomass, and Producitivty in Grasslands

Masae Shiyomi, Ibaraki University, Japan
Jun Chen, Shanghai Jiaotong University, China

Dynamic Study on Inter-Species Competition in Mix-Sowing Community of White Clover and Bermudagrass

H. Tian, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science. China
Y. Liu, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science. China
H. Cai, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science. China
H. Zhang, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science. China

Effects of Lucerne Plants on Germination of Lucerne

Xi Wang, Lanzhou University, China
Yuying Shen, Lanzhou University, China

Kura Clover (Trifolium ambiguum) in Pastures for Western Canada

Jane R. King, University of Alberta, Canada
Jennifer A. Walker, University of Alberta, Canada

Breeding Apomictic Bahiagrass (paspalum notatum flügge) in Southeastern USA

C. A. Acuña, University of Florida
A. R. Blount, North Florida Research & Education Center
C. L. Mackowiak, North Florida Research & Education Center
K. H. Quesenberry, University of Florida

A Survey about Understorey Covering in Areas (Lands) under the Cultivation of Haloxylon in Ardestan Area

G. R. Zehtabian, University of Tehran, Iran
M. Ghadimi, University of Tehran, Iran
J. Bakhshi, University of Tehran, Iran

An Investigation on Total Nonstructural Carbohydrate Trends in Three Agropyron Grasses of Golestan National Park in Northern Iran

S. Houshmand Moayed, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran
M. Mesdaghi, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran
H. R. Sadeghipour, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran

Leaf Morphogenesis as a Basis for Developing Defoliation Management Strategies in Multispecies Plant Communities of the Flooding Pampa (Argentina)

M. G. Agnusdei, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
M. R. Colabelli, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina

Re-generation Ecology of Cymbopogon jwarancusa and Chrysopogon aucheri Grassland in Highland Balochistan, Pakistan

S. Ahmad, Arid Zone Research Centre, Pakistan
C. A. Call, Utah State University

Trajectories of Ecological Change at a Patch Scale in a Semi-Arid Woodland

M. Alchin, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
B. Norton, Curtin University, Australia
D. Burnside, URS Corporation, Australia
I. Watson, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
B. Alchin, The University of Queensland, Australia

Effects of Traditional Range Enclosures and Seasonality on Herbaceous Plants Biodiversity in Southern Ethiopia

Ayana Angassa, Hawassa University, Ethiopia
G. Oba, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway
R. B. Weladji, Université Laval, Canada

Oat and Wheat Added to Annual Ryegrass Pasture to Improve the Seasonal Forage Offer

M. Arzadun, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Argentina
H. Laborde, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Argentina
D. Morris, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Argentina
L. Fernandez, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Argentina

Large‐Scale Changes in Ratio of C3 and C4 Plants in Central Asian Grassland during the Last Century as Recovered from Wool Archives

Karl Auerswald, Technische Universität München, Germany
T. Maennel, Technische Universität München, Germany
Y. F. Bai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
M. Wittmer, Technische Universität München, Germany
Hans Schnyder, Technische Universität München, Germany

Growth Parameters of Forages in a Cool Semi‐Arid Climate

Shabtai Bittman, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
D. H. McCartney, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
F. C. Stevenson, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

Classification of Rangeland Vegetation and Modeling of Vegetation Patterns at the Jabal al Akhdar Moutain, Northern Oman

K. Brinkmann, University of Kassel, Germany
U. Dickhoefer, University of Kassel, Germany
E. Schlecht, University of Kassel, Germany
A. Buerkert, University of Kassel, Germany

Dynamics of 4-Species Plant Systems over Three Years at 19 Sites across Europe

Caroline Brophy, University College Dublin, Ireland
J. Connolly, University College Dublin, Ireland
Laura Kirwan, Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland
J. A. Finn, Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland
A. Lüscher, Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station, Switzerland
T. Sebastia, University of Lleida, Spain
R. P. Collins, IGER, UK
C. Porqueddu, CNR-ISPAAM, Italy
A. Helgadottir, Agricultural University of Iceland, Iceland

Grassland Diversity Enhances Productivity at Low and High Levels of Nitrogen Addition

Tim Carnus, Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland
J. A. Finn, Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland
Laura Kirwan, Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland
A. Cuddihy, Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland
J. Connolly, University College Dublin, Ireland

Controls of Seeding Recruitment of Annual Species in Temperate Perennial Pastures

P. Cornaglia, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
M. P. Clavijo, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
H. Harkes, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Ayala Torales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Central Afghanistan Rangelands

Daniel G. Robinett, Robinett Rangeland Resources L.L.C.

Modeling the Growth of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) in the Pampas Region

M. Druille, Universidad de Buenos Aries, Argentina
M. F. Garbulsky, Universidad de Buenos Aries, Argentina
V. A. Deregibus, Universidad de Buenos Aries, Argentina

Botanical Composition of a Phalaris-Dominant Pasture 5 Years after the Introduction of Intensive Rotational Grazing

Nicholas J. Edwards, Struan Agricultural Centre, Australia
K. Copping, Struan Agricultural Centre, Australia
K. Holberton, Struan Agricultural Centre, Australia
P. Wijnands, HAS Den Bosch, The Netherlands

Unravelling the Mechanisms behind the Invasion of an Introduced and Now Undesirable Grass Species

Jennifer Firn, The University of Queensland, Australia
Yvonne Buckley, CSIRO, Australia

Effects of 10 years of Fire and Climate Variability on Perennial Grass Cover in Shortgrass Steppe

P. L. Ford, U.S. Department of Agriculture

When an Introduced Pasture Grass Becomes a Conservation Threat: Managing Buffel Grass in the Rangelands of Australia

Margaret H. Friedel, CSIRO, Australia

Is There a Link between Anthropogenic Disturbance and the Diversity and Abundance of Rodent Flea Communities?

Megan M. Friggens, Northern Arizona University

Morphological Changes Associated with Forage Quality in Temperate Pastures Fertilized with Nitrogen in Autumn

M. L. Gatti, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
A. Ayala Torales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
G. Acosta, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Botanical Composition: A Tool to Evaluate Rangeland Condition Trends under Different Management Conditions

María Cristina Goldfarb, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, Argentina
José Francisco Casco, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, Argentina
Laura Itatí Giménez, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, Argentina
Francisco Nuñez, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, Argentina

The Effect of Aspect on Persistence of Several Perennial Grass Species

Belinda Hackney, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
B. Dear, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
C. Rodham, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
G. Dyce, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
G. Li, Department of Primary Industries, Australia

Influence of Growing Season Rainfall Amount and Clipping Intensity on Aboveground Net Primary Productivity in Leyums chinensis Steppe

Feng He, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Xianglin Li, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Liqiang Wan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Yaxiong Jia, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Dan He, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Impacts of Long-Term Phosphorus Fertilization and Addition of Perennial Legumes on a Temperate Natural Grassland: I. Changes in Spieces Biodiversity and Stability

Martín Jaurena, INIA, Uruguay
Walter Ayala, INIA, Uruguay
José Terra, INIA, Uruguay
Raül Bermudez, INIA, Uruguay
Ethel Barrios, INIA, Uruguay
Ximena Lagomarsino, INIA, Uruguay

Effects of Various Cattle Grazing Regimes on Vernal Pool Grassland Diversity

J. T. Marty, The Nature Conservancy

Effect of Long‐Term Salt Stress on Antioxidative Enzyme Activities of NyPa Forage (Distichlis spicata var. Yensen‐4a) and Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb)

Yaxiong Jia, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Xianglin Li, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Liqiang Wan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Feng He, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Temporal and Spatial Variation of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Spores in Seasonally Salt Stressed Grassland Using Medicago sativa for Reclamation in Hexi Corridor, China

Liang Jin, Lanzhou University, China
Chang Wang, Lanzhou University, China
Guoliang Chen, Lanzhou University, China
Yin Zhao, Lanzhou University, China
Xiangwei Sun, Lanzhou University, China
Xiaojuan Wang, Lanzhou University, China

The Effect of Environmental Factors on Plant Species Diversity and Productivity

K. H. Li, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Y. K. Hu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
C. F. Lu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
W. M. E. Wu, Grassland Station of Xinjiang, China
W. L. Li, Grassland Station of Xinjiang, China

Contribution of Lucerne and Red Clover to Succeeding Cereal Crops Yield

Žydrė Kadžiulienė, Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania
Zenonas Dabkevičius, Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania
Lina Šarūnaitė, Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania
Leonas Kadžiulis, Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania

Stability, Recovery, and Resilience in Piosphere Systems in the Kruger National Park

Katherine J. Matchett, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Kevin P. Kirkman, , University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Craig D. Morris, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Mike J. Peel, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Impacts of Grazing, Wildfire and Drought on Rodent Populations in a Semi-Arid Grassland of Southwestern North America

L. J. Kennedy, Appleton-Whittell Research Ranch
Z. F. Jones, Eastern New Mexico University
C. E. Bock, University of Colorado, Boulder
J. H. Bock, University of Colorado, Boulder

The Acacia Operation Project: A Pilot Activity for Combating Desertification and Improving the Livelihood of Pastoralist in the Arid Rangelands of Kenya

G. A. Keya, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kenya
M. Muga, Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Kenya
B. Chikamai, Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Kenya

Studies on the Autecology of Astragalus caragana F. et M in the Esfahan Province in Ira

M. Khodagholi, Esfahan Agriculture and Natural Resources Center, Iran
M. Esmaili Sharif, Esfahan Agriculture and Natural Resources Center, Iran
A. Ghaedi, Esfahan Agriculture and Natural Resources Center, Iran
M. Borhand, Esfahan Agriculture and Natural Resources Center, Iran
M. T. Feyze, Esfahan Agriculture and Natural Resources Center, Iran

Fire and Vegetation Change in Coastal Grasslands, South Africa

Kevin P. Kirkman, , University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
B. P. A. Dalton, , University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Experimental Increases in Diversity and Evenness Improve Productivity and Reduce Weed Invasion in Grassland Swards over Three Years across 12 European Sites

Laura Kirwan, Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland
Caroline Brophy, University College Dublin, Ireland
R. P. Collins, IGER, UK
J. Connolly, University College Dublin, Ireland
J. A. Finn, Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland
A. Helgadottir, Agricultural University of Iceland, Iceland
A. Lüscher, Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station, Switzerland
C. Porqueddu, CNR-ISPAAM, Italy
M. T. Sebastià, University of Lleida, Spain

A Model for Managing an Endangered Species in Sandhills Rangeland

K. Kottas, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
J. Stubbendieck, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Sustainable Recultivation and Land Use on Karst Regions--Pasture System

Z. Q. Lai, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
Y. R. Chen, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
M. Pogacnik, University of Ljubjana, Slovenia
S. Z. Qin, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
X. F. Yi, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
N. Yao, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
Y. L. Liang, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
J. H. Deng, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
X. F. Zhang, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
B. Zhang, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
H. J. Zhong, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
D. Kompan, University of Ljubjana, Slovenia
X. J. Lu, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
X. Su, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
D. Y. Shen, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China

Sustainable Recultivation and Land Use on Karst Regions--Shrub System

Z. Q. Lai, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
S, M. Qin, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
Y. R. Chen, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
S. Z. Qin, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
M. Pogacnik, University of Ljubjana, Slovenia
X. F. Yi, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
N. Yao, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
Y. L. Liang, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China
D. Kompan, University of Ljubjana, Slovenia
X. Su, Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China

Root System Ecology of Shrubs in Qilian Mountains Alpine Rhododendron Shrubland

Wenxia Cao, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Degang Zhang, Gansu Agriculutral University, China
Fuzeng Hong, Gansu Agriculutral University, China

Contribution of Vegetative Reproducton of Leymus chinensis and Carex duriuscula to Population Persistence during Restoration Succession after Flood Disturbance in the Songnen Plains, China

Haiyan Li, Northeast Normal University, China
Yunfei Yang, Northeast Normal University, China

Effects of Endophyte Infection on the Response of Achnatherum inebrians to Water Stress and Nitrogen Fertilizer under Controlled Growth Conditions

X. S. Li, Xinjiang Academy of Animal Sciences, China
X. Z. Zhang, Xinjiang Academy of Animal Sciences, China
X. Gu, Xinjiang Academy of Animal Sciences, China