Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0545-2255

Year of Publication

2022

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

College

Agriculture, Food and Environment

Department/School/Program

Family Sciences

First Advisor

Dr. Alexander T. Vazsonyi

Abstract

The current dissertation, based on three separate and yet closely related studies, tested the longitudinal dynamic relationships of maternal and paternal parenting factors with adolescent deviance, the direct links as well as underlying mechanisms. Study 1, based on longitudinal data collected from 570 early adolescents, part of the Brno Longitudinal Study of Youth (BLSY), used latent growth modeling and tested the development of three parenting measures, including parental solicitation, knowledge, and peer approval, and deviance during early adolescence, as well as the developmental (i.e., growth to growth) links of these three parenting measures with adolescent deviance over time. Results indicated a linear decrease for maternal solicitation, a quadratic increase for maternal peer approval, a quadratic decrease for paternal solicitation, a linear increase for paternal peer approval, and a linear increase for adolescent deviance during the 1.5 years of study. A more rapid decline in maternal solicitation was associated with a more rapid increase in deviance while a more rapid increase in both parents’ peer approval was associated with a slower increase in deviance. Study 2, based on three waves of data collected from 457 adolescents and their parents, part of the National Institute of Child Health and Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD), tested the associations between parental emotional distress (i.e., depressive symptoms, anxiety, and anger) and developmental changes in adolescent deviance, as well as underlying processes through developmental changes in interparental relationship quality and parent-child relationship. Results based on an actor-partner interdependence model, indicated that both maternal anger and father reported marital conflict at Grade 5 were associated with changes in adolescent deviance at age 15 through changes in mother-child conflict at Grade 6. Differences between mothers and fathers were observed, where maternal anger was associated with changes in father reported marital conflict, but paternal anger was not associated with changes in mother reported marital conflict, for instance. Study 3, based on 570 early adolescents, part of the BLSY followed over two years, 5 assessments, framed by self-control theory, tested the development of self-control during early adolescence as well as the longitudinal associations between parenting (i.e., parental closeness, support, monitoring, and disciplinary inconsistency) and developmental changes in adolescent deviance mediated by developmental changes in self-control. Results showed that levels of self-control within individuals decreased over time, and that individuals varied in baseline levels of self-control as well as rates of change over time. Structural equation modeling tests provided evidence of full mediation of perceived parenting behaviors through developmental changes in self-control, such that parental solicitation was positively associated with changes in self-control, which in turn was then negatively associated with changes in deviance. These three studies further elucidate developmental processes and underlying mechanisms addressing the parenting-deviance links among adolescents, thus providing novel and important insights as well as implications for theory, research, preventative work as well as future policies.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.13023/etd.2022.040

Available for download on Thursday, March 30, 2023

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