Date Available


Year of Publication


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation




Early Childhood, Special Education, and Counselor Education

First Advisor

Dr. Debra Harley


Addiction to drugs is a complex, chronic, and multi-faceted disease that often involves cycles of relapse and remission. The lifetime prevalence of alcohol and drug use disorders in women in the United States is 19.5 percent and 7.1 percent, respectively (McHugh, Wigderson, & Greenfield, 2014) yet there is a significant dearth of efficacious substance abuse treatment services tailored specifically to women. In addition, literature suggests that the third aspect of Bandura’s Social Cognitive theory (self-efficacy) potentially plays a significant role in abstinence of drug use. The role of art interventions on recovery outcomes for a woman enrolled in the Franklin County, Kentucky drug court program was examined through the lens of self-efficacy using a case study method. Interviews were conducted with a female participant in drug court over a four-month period. In addition, a single one-hour interview was conducted with the judge who oversees this specialty court. The results of this study suggest art interventions can serve as an effective addiction recovery tool for women and can enhance self-efficacy, particularly when incorporated into a larger, more comprehensive program, as it provides an alternative way to process trauma and gives a setting to form relationships with other women in recovery. In addition, this study preliminarily showed that a woman’s belief that she will be successful in maintaining sobriety is equally important to having access to recovery tools and resources. These results revealed potential weaknesses, which can be considered in the design of similar programs. Additionally, as these results are preliminary, the findings can be used to inform ongoing research in this area.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)