Hydrologic Properties of Pervious Concrete
Published in Transactions of the ASABE, v. 49, issue 6, p. 1807-1813.
© 2006 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
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Pervious concrete is concrete made by eliminating most or all of the fine aggregate (sand) in the concrete mix, which allows interconnected void spaces to be formed in the hardened product. These interconnected void spaces allow the concrete to transmit water at relatively high rates. The main objective of this project was to conduct research on the potential application of pervious concrete in agricultural settings, specifically for use in animal feed lots, manure storage pads, animal manure and bedding compost facilities, or floor systems in animal buildings. Laboratory tests were conducted on replicated samples of pervious concrete formed from two rock sources (river gravel and limestone) for coarse aggregates and different size fractions to determine hydrologic relationships. Linear relationships were found between density and porosity, density and permeability, porosity and permeability, and porosity and specific yield. The results suggest that properties such as permeability, porosity, and specific yield are not significantly affected by different aggregate types. However, density and porosity can be effective methods for predicting porosity, specific yield, and permeability. In addition, t-tests were conducted to determine the effect of aggregate types on the solid/liquid separation properties of the pervious concrete after adding composted beef cattle manure and bedding to the surface of the specimens. The amount of composted beef cattle manure and bedding retained within the specimens was significantly less (p = 0.012) when samples constructed of #8 river gravel were used rather than the other aggregates. The #8 river gravel also had significantly less reduction in permeability compared to other aggregates. Although the #8 river gravel had a different effect on the compost retained and the reduction in permeability for the specimens, all four aggregates exhibited a significant reduction in the permeability after the compost was applied.