Chemical transport is being monitored in the root zone of three agricultural management systems at the Ohio Management Systems Evaluation Area (OMSEA). Atrazine and alachlor concentration data from soil cores taken to a depth of 0.9 m and partitioned into the increments of 0.0 to 0.15, 0.15 to 0.3, 0.45 to 0.6, and 0.75 to 0.9 m show the herbicides remained in the top 0.15 m of the profile during the 1991 and 1992 growing seasons. The slow movement of herbicides was partly due to below normal rainfall during the period. Since the herbicides have not been transported out of the soil profile, dissipation rates could be determined from the field observations.
The data collected follow first-order kinetics in the dissipation of atrazine during the 1991 and 1992 growing season and of alachlor during the 1991 growing season for the two- to three-month period following chemical application. The computed rate constant, k, was 0.02 d–1 and half-life, t1/2, was 35 days for atrazine for both years. A rate constant of 0.04 d–1 and half-life of 17 days were computed for alachlor. The degradation rates became slower with residence time in the soil as a result of decreased availability from sorption/binding in the soil.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Workman, Stephen R.; Ward, Andrew D.; Fausey, Norman R.; and Nokes, Sue E., "Atrazine and Alachlor Dissipation Rates from Field Experiments" (1995). Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Faculty Publications. 114.