Transcription factors that mediate neuronal defenses against diverse stresses were quantified in plasma neural-derived exosomes of Alzheimer's disease or frontotemporal dementia patients and matched controls. Exosomal levels of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6, heat-shock factor-1, and repressor element 1-silencing transcription factor all were significantly lower in Alzheimer's disease patients than controls (P < 0.0001). In frontotemporal dementia, the only significant difference was higher levels of repressor element 1-silencing transcription factor than in controls. Exosomal transcription factors were diminished 2-10 years before clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Low exosomal levels of survival proteins may explain decreased neuronal resistance to Alzheimer's disease neurotoxic proteins.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Aging (NIA; D. K.), P30 AG028383 (E. L. A.), and an unrestricted grant for method development from Nanosomix, Inc. (E. J. G.).
Goetzl, Edward J.; Boxer, Adam; Schwartz, Janice B.; Abner, Erin; Petersen, Ronald C.; Miller, Bruce L.; Carlson, Olga D.; Mustapic, Maja; and Kapogiannis, Dimitrios, "Low Neural Exosomal Levels of Cellular Survival Factors in Alzheimer's Disease" (2015). Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications. 60.