Future Directions for Research on Inhibitory Control and Drug Abuse Prevention


Drug abuse is characterized not simply by abnormalities in reward seeking and compulsive use, but also a failure in inhibitory control. The mechanisms of reward seeking and behavioral inhibition are dissociable at the levels of genetic, neurobiological, and personality measurements. Social influences also play a key role in moderating the relationship between inhibitory processes and drug use. This concluding chapter extracts some of the key developments in this research area highlighted in each of the foregoing chapters and points out future challenges in harnessing this knowledge to find utility in the design and implementation of effective anti-drug prevention intervention strategies. General principles may also be derived for application to other health risk-related behaviors during childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood.

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