Most soybean varieties used In Kentucky, whether grown full season or double-cropped behind wheat or barley, are from Maturity Groups (MG) IV or V. Some MG III varieties are also grown; however, virtually no MG 1/ or earner varieties are planted. Agronomists and soybean producers in Kentucky· have generally felt that MG IV and V varieties produce the highest yield. Since the driest months in Kentucky are August, September,and October, MG IV and V varieties frequently encounter moisture stress during the important seed fill stage. The use of earlier maturing varieties was initially proposed as a means of getting a major portion of seed fill to occur before the driest part of the growing season, thus getting higher yields in dry years.
Grabau, Larry J.; Kane, M. V.; Lin, H.; and Egli, Dennis B., "An Early-Planted, Early Maturing Soybean Cropping System: Yield and Harvest Losses" (1992). Agronomy Notes. 55.