Year of Publication

2016

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

College

Agriculture, Food and Environment

Department

Plant Pathology

First Advisor

Dr. Pradeep Kachroo

Abstract

Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is a form of inducible defense response triggered upon localized infection that confers broad-spectrum disease resistance against secondary infections. Several factors are known to regulate SAR and these include phenolic phytohormone salicylic acid (SA), phosphorylated sugar glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P), and dicarboxylic acid azelaic acid (AzA). This study evaluated a role for free radicals nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in SAR. Normal accumulation of both NO and ROS was required for normal SAR and mutations preventing NO/ROS accumulation and/or biosynthesis compromised SAR. A role for NO and ROS was further established using pharmacological approaches. Notably, both NO and ROS conferred SAR in a concentration dependent manner. This was further established using genetic mutants that accumulated high levels of NO. NO/ROS acted upstream of G3P and in parallel to SA. Collectively, these results suggest that NO and ROS are essential components of the SAR pathway.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.13023/ETD.2016.263

Share

COinS