The spatial and radial velocity distribution of broad-line-emitting gas in the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548 is examined through the process of reverberation mapping, which is done by detailed comparison of continuum and emission-line variations. Recent spectroscopic monitoring of NGC 5548 with HST and IUE allows us to resolve the "transfer function" (TF) that relates the continuum and emission-line variability. We also examine the radial velocity-resolved TFs, and confirm that predominantly radial motions of the line-emitting clouds can be excluded. We find that a broad-line region comprised of clouds that are orbiting a central source of mass ~108 M☉ along randomly inclined Keplerian orbits and irradiated by a beamed continuum source yields a TF and line profile that are qualitatively consistent with the observations. In this model, the clouds that produce the variable C IV emission lie within 12 lt-days of the central source, and the continuum radiation is confined to a wide biconical beam (semi-opening angle 35°-60°) with the observer viewing into the cone.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Wanders, Ignaz; Goad, Mike R.; Korista, Kirk T.; Peterson, Bradley M.; Horne, Keith; Ferland, Gary J.; Koratkar, Anuradha P.; Pogge, Richard W.; and Sheilds, Joseph C., "The Geometry and Kinematics of the Broad-Line Region in NGC 5548 from HST and IUE Observations" (1995). Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications. 162.