Objective—To collect formative information to design a tailored tobacco treatment intervention for women with newborns treated or evaluated for neonatal abstinence syndrome and to explore current tobacco use behaviors and facilitators and barriers to smoking cessation.

Design—Qualitative descriptive study.

Setting—An academic medical center in the southern United States.

Participants—Mothers of newborns who were treated or evaluated for neonatal abstinence syndrome at birth within the preceding three months. Women were recruited who were older than 18 and reported opioid dependence and smoking during pregnancy.

Methods—Participants took part in semi-structured individual interviews that lasted approximately one hour. Interviews were professionally transcribed and analyzed in MAXQDA using content analysis.

Results—Five themes emerged from the data: Strategizing to Reduce Risk, Desire to Quit Smoking in the Future; Holding on to Smoking While Working Through Recovery, Feeling Judged by Nurses, and Feeling Supported And Empowered By Nurses. Participants reported planning to reduce risk to their newborns by avoiding secondhand and thirdhand smoke exposure. Participants wanted to stop smoking but reported many barriers, including multiple life stressors compounded by their newborns’ extended stays in the hospital. However, most participants described overall positive experiences and the support of health care providers.

Conclusions—Holistic tobacco treatment programs that incorporate stress relief and social support and are led by trusted health care providers have the potential to be effective to reduce smoking in new mothers with histories of opioid dependence disorders and smoking and whose newborns are in the NICU.

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Notes/Citation Information

Published in Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, v. 46, issue 5, p. 660-668.

© 2017 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

This manuscript version is made available under the CC‐BY‐NC‐ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.

The document available for download is the author's post-peer-review final draft of the article.

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