Author ORCID Identifier

Date Available


Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Music (MM)

Document Type

Master's Thesis


Fine Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Alaine Reschke-Hernández


The purpose of this thesis was to explore how music therapists can engage in cultural humility and leverage cultural assets of those who are culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD). The primary research question involved in this study was: “In what ways can music therapists leverage cultural assets of CLD individuals in practice?” Sub-questions were: “What awareness, knowledge, and skills do music therapists need to grow in culturally sensitive practice?” “How can music therapists whose first language is English effectively serve linguistically diverse individuals?” “What steps might music therapists take to effectively serve culturally diverse individuals?” and “How might cultural and linguistic diversity influence the therapeutic relationship?” I investigated these questions using a qualitative phenomenological study. Specifically, I conducted semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of eight experts including music therapists, specialists in Universal Design for Learning (UDL), and specialists in diversity, equity, and inclusion. I analyzed and interpreted the findings from these interviews using a combined inductive and deductive qualitative data analysis approach. Throughout this study, I used the frameworks of UDL and the Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling Competencies to inform research and interview questions, analysis, and interpretation of results. Findings of this study provide foundation and practical guidance for music therapists regarding inclusive, equitable, and culturally sensitive clinical practices with CLD individuals.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Included in

Music Therapy Commons