Date Available


Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MSME)

Document Type

Master's Thesis




Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. David W. Herrin


Acoustic radiation efficiency is defined as the ratio of sound power radiated to the surface vibration power of a piston with equivalent surface area. It has been shown that the radiation efficiency is maximized and may exceed unity when the structural and acoustic wavelengths are approximately equal. The frequency at which this occurs is called the critical frequency and can be shifted with structural modifications. This has proven to be an effective way to reduce noise. The standard radiation efficiency measurement is comprised of an intensity scan for sound power measurement and accelerometer array for spatially averaged vibration determination. This method is difficult to apply to lightweight structures, complicated geometries, and when acoustic sources are in close proximity to one another. Recently, robust particle velocity sensors have been developed. Combined with a small microphone in the same instrument, particle velocity and sound pressure can be measured simultaneously and at the same location. This permits radiation efficiency to be measured using a non-contact approach with a single sensor. A suggested practice for measuring radiation efficiency has been developed and validated with several examples including two flat plates of different thickness, an oil pan, and components on a running small engine.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)