Background: Describe a single-center real-world experience with comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) to identify genotype directed therapy (GDT) options for patients with malignancies refractory to standard treatment options.

Methods: Patients who had CGP by a CLIA-certified laboratory between November 2012 and December 2015 were included. The medical records were analyzed retrospectively after Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval. The treating oncologist made the decision to obtain the assay to provide potential therapeutic options. The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of patients who benefited from GDT, and to identify barriers to receiving GDT.

Results: A total of 125 pediatric and adult patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of malignancy were included. Among these, 106 samples were from adult patients, and 19 samples were from pediatric patients. The median age was 54 years for adults. The majority had stage IV malignancy (53%) and were pretreated with 2–3 lines of therapy (45%). The median age was 8 years for pediatric patients. The majority had brain tumors (47%) and had received none or 1 line of therapy (58%) when the profiling was requested. A total of 111 (92%) patients had genomic alterations and were candidates for GDT either via on/off-label use or a clinical trial (phase 1 through 3). Fifteen patients (12%) received GDT based on these results including two patients who were referred for genomically matched phase 1 clinical trials. Three patients (2%) derived benefit from their GDT that ranged from 2 to 6 months of stable disease.

Conclusions: CGP revealed potential treatment options in the majority of patients profiled. However, multiple barriers to therapy were identified, and only a small minority of the patients derived benefit from GDT.

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Published in BMC Cancer, v. 17, 602, p. 1-8.

© The Author(s). 2017

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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The datasets used and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.