KWRRI Annual Technical Reports (USGS’s 104b Grant Program)


The Kentucky Water Resources Research Institute (KWRRI) is one of 54 Water Resource Research Institutes or Centers located throughout the United States and its territories. The state water resources research institutes are authorized by the Water Resources Research Act of 1964 (P.L. 88-379 codified at 42 U.S.C. 10301 et seq.) through the Water Resources Research Institutes Program administered by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and organized as the National Institutes for Water Resources (NIWR). NIWR cooperates with the US Geological Survey (USGS) to support, coordinate and facilitate research.

The KWRRI administers several state-level USGS grant programs for water research including the Annual Base Grants (104b) and National Competitive Grants (104g). The annual base grant program is authorized by the provisions of section 104b of the Water Resources Research Act. Under Section 104b, annual base grants are awarded to serve the needs of the state, region and nation by supporting and encouraging research and technology transfer in the area of water resources. KWRRI’s annual base grant program supports the following objectives specified in the Water Resources Research Act:

1. Plan, conduct, or otherwise arrange for competent applied and peer reviewed research that fosters: a. improvements in water supply reliability; b. the exploration of new ideas that address water problems and/or expand understanding of water and water-related phenomena; c. the entry of new research scientists into water resources fields; and d. the dissemination of research results to water managers and the public.

2. Cooperate closely with other colleges and universities from the State that have demonstrated capabilities for research, information dissemination, and graduate training in order to develop a statewide program designated to resolve State and regional water and related land problems.

3. Cooperate closely with other institutes and other organizations in the region to increase the effectiveness of the institutes and for the purpose of promoting regional coordination.

Each year, proposals are submitted to further these objectives and promote the national mission and objectives of the USGS, which are focused on providing water quality and quantity information, understanding water availability, addressing the influence of climate on water resources, and responding to water-related emerging needs. This report summarizes the projects funded in FY 2019 through the section 104(b) annual base grant program. The technical reports and supporting information for each project are authored by the project’s PI. In FY 2019, five research projects were funded, three at the University of Kentucky, one at Eastern Kentucky University, and one at Western Kentucky University. An information transfer project managed by KWRRI was also funded in FY 2019. The current focus of the program is to support water-related research efforts in a wide range of disciplines conducted by students at universities and colleges in Kentucky. In FY2019, 11 undergraduate and 3 graduate students were supported through Kentucky’s 104b program.

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