General feed forward controllers, conforming to standard control modes, have been derived for an activated sludge process. The analysis indicated that the appropriate controllers are proportional control with measurement of substrate flow rate, and derivative control with measurement of inlet substrate concentration, and manipulation of the rate of return sludge by both controllers.
The performance of these controllers was tested by computer simulation of five dynamic aerator models with and without sludge storage, and with two settling basin models. In all cases significant reduction of the maximum exit substrate concentration was achieved. Additional improvement resulted from the use of sludge storage. As the aerator model became more linear the control results also improved. The first dynamic results were obtained using a perfect steady state settler model, the remainder assumed that the settler dynamics could be represented by a variable time delay. The addition of the settler dynamics caused the control to degrade somewhat.
Finally the generality of the two controllers was proved mathematically for the five biological kinetic models for substrate utilization and bacterial growth.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
The work on which this report is based was supported in part by funds provided by the Office of Water Resources Research, United States Department of the Interior, as authorized under the Water Resources Research Act of 1964.
Kermode, Richard I.; Brett, Robert W. J.; Debelak, Kenneth A.; and Davis, John J., "Process Control of Activated Sludge Treatment" (1973). KWRRI Research Reports. 132.