This study of the probable sociocultural impact of a proposed reservoir in central Kentucky on the institutions of local governments of a community adjacent to the reservoir utilizes anthropological concepts of social values and cultural and social change as well as anthropological research techniques. Data on observed impact on the same institutions in communities adjacent to two recently completed Kentucky reservoirs permit inferences as to probable directions and extent of reservoir-related change. Specific aspects of impact considered include: effects of reduction of the county tax base due to Federal acquisition of lands, including necessity for increased severity of taxes and changes in assessments, problems related to effective planning and zoning, potential benefits from development or expansion of city and county potable water supply, effects of reservoir caused highway relocation on county roads and county road maintenance, and effects of reservoir-created tourism patterns on local law enforcement. The overall purpose of the study is to recommend to the agency (Corps of Engineers) that is causing massive environmental change through creation of a manmade lake, improvements in policies and procedures that will increase sociocultural benefits and decrease sociocultural costs.
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The work on which this report is based was supported in part by funds provided by the Office of Water Resources Research, United States Department of the Interior, as authorized under the Water Resources Research Act of 1964.
Drucker, Philip; Clark, Jerry Eugene; and Smith, Lesker Dianne, "Sociocultural Impact of Reservoirs on Local Government Institutions" (1973). KWRRI Research Reports. 130.