KWRRI Research Reports


This report attempts to determine the efficacy of using geographic impact areas as analytical sub-groups for the assessment of the impact of multi-purpose reservoir projects on target communities. The impact areas utilized are: the take area; the below-the-dam area; the urban area; and, the adjacent area. Each area is described in detail and each is analyzed for differences in knowledge, previous experience, and perception of impact on community and family.

Data for this study originated from structured and open-ended interviews in Johnson County, Kentucky. Information was collected during two field efforts, the first in February, 1974, the second in August of the same year. Frequency of response and content analysis are the chief analytical devices.

Descriptions of the life styles of each region indicated significant differences exist between impact areas. In addition, findings concerning the key variables of knowledge, previous experience, and perception of impact support the efficacy of impact area analysis. Different impact areas represent different orientations to reservoir projects. These differences must be considered for a better understanding of the social impact of such reservoir projects.

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The work on which this report is based was supported in part by funds provided by the Office of Water Research and Technology, United States Department of the Interior, as authorized under the Water Resources Research Act of 1964.