Plenary Lectures

Description

Grasslands cover over 26% of the world land mass and about 80% of the agricultural area. They are the source of a livelihood for about 1 million people in the developing countries. Livestock contributes 40% of the global value of agricultural outputs. Approximately 60% of rural households keep livestock. In East Africa there are a number of grasslands. The most extensive of these are the Acacia based Savanna grasslands. Others include the sudd flooded grasslands of South Sudan and the Miobo woodlands of Tanzania. More than 60% of the livestock and wildlife in this region are found on these grasslands. In Kenya about 60% of the red meat is produced from grasslands. The grasslands are, therefore, important to the countries of East Africa as livestock contribute at least 45% of the gross domestic product (GDP) and between 54-90% of the agricultural GDP. The grasslands of East Africa include the world famous Serengeti grassland ecosystem, famous for its tourist appeal.

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Grassland and Livestock Production: The East African Case

Grasslands cover over 26% of the world land mass and about 80% of the agricultural area. They are the source of a livelihood for about 1 million people in the developing countries. Livestock contributes 40% of the global value of agricultural outputs. Approximately 60% of rural households keep livestock. In East Africa there are a number of grasslands. The most extensive of these are the Acacia based Savanna grasslands. Others include the sudd flooded grasslands of South Sudan and the Miobo woodlands of Tanzania. More than 60% of the livestock and wildlife in this region are found on these grasslands. In Kenya about 60% of the red meat is produced from grasslands. The grasslands are, therefore, important to the countries of East Africa as livestock contribute at least 45% of the gross domestic product (GDP) and between 54-90% of the agricultural GDP. The grasslands of East Africa include the world famous Serengeti grassland ecosystem, famous for its tourist appeal.