Keynote Lectures

Description

Livestock and animal health development projects need to be based on an understanding of livestock production systems because different systems need different approaches particularly in view of degradation of environment combined with population pressure. In India, the livestock production system is primarily traditional, consisting of mixed-farming and pastoral systems, therefore, development of marginal and smallholder mixed farms must aim at intensification of the total production system. Resource-poor farming systems may aim at the improved management of the various livestock species in backyards. Pastoral systems must focus on effective management of grazing pressure. Community pasture management involves application of technologies, land tenure policies, institutional development, economic return and a reduction in the number of people depending upon livestock. The challenge is to reverse the current degradation of the environment, and arrive at sustainable increases in crop and livestock production to secure present and future food supplies.

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Traditional Livestock Production and Growth Opportunities in India

Livestock and animal health development projects need to be based on an understanding of livestock production systems because different systems need different approaches particularly in view of degradation of environment combined with population pressure. In India, the livestock production system is primarily traditional, consisting of mixed-farming and pastoral systems, therefore, development of marginal and smallholder mixed farms must aim at intensification of the total production system. Resource-poor farming systems may aim at the improved management of the various livestock species in backyards. Pastoral systems must focus on effective management of grazing pressure. Community pasture management involves application of technologies, land tenure policies, institutional development, economic return and a reduction in the number of people depending upon livestock. The challenge is to reverse the current degradation of the environment, and arrive at sustainable increases in crop and livestock production to secure present and future food supplies.