Track 1-07

The 22rd International Grassland Congress (Revitalising Grasslands to Sustain Our Communities) took place in Sydney, Australia from September 15 through September 19, 2013.
Proceedings Editors: David L. Michalk, Geoffrey D. Millar, Warwick B. Badgery, and Kim M. Broadfoot
Publisher: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry, Kite St., Orange New South Wales, Australia

22nd International Grassland Congress Theme 1:
Improving Production Efficiency to Revitalise Grasslands:
Livestock Production from Grasslands:
Prospects for Management to Increase Grassland and Forage Productivity

Management Options that Increase Herbage Production in Grassland-Based Livestock Production Systems

Masahiko Hirata, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Manabu Tobisa, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Sachiko Idota, University of Miyazaki, Japan

Feeding Patterns and Milk Production of Small-Scale Dairy Farmers under Semi-Intensive and Extensive Cattle Management Systems in Sri Lanka

Sujatha Premaratne, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
S. C. Somasiri, Coconut Research Institute, Sri Lanka
Chandrasiri Premalal, Veterinary Research Institute, Sri Lanka
Vajira P. Jayawardene, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
A. R. S. Senavirathne, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

Designing High-Yielding, High-Diversity and Low-Input Temporary Grasslands

Karen Søegaard, Aarhus University, Denmark
Tine B. Mortensen, Aarhus University, Denmark
Jørgen Eriksen, Aarhus University, Denmark

The Production Potential of Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) Over-Sown with Ryegrass (Lolium spp.) in a No-Till System

Janke van der Colf, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
Philip R. Botha, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
Robin Meeske, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
Wayne F. Truter, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Experimental Trials and Simulation Modelling Indicate that Summer-Growing Perennial Grasses Are a Potential New Feed Source in the Mallee Region of Southern Australia

Katrien Descheemaeker, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
Rick Llewellyn, CSIRO, Australia
Andrew Moore, CSIRO, Australia
Anthony Whitbread, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Germany

Mixed Species Seeding: A Means to Increase Production in Temperate Pastures

Mike P. Schellenberg, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Bili Biligetu, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Valentin Picasso, Universidad de la República, Uruguay

The Functionality of Legume-Grass Swards in a Long-Term Pasture: Productivity and Stability

Žydrė Kadžiulienė, Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania
Lina Šarūnaitė, Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania
Leonas Kadžiulis, Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania

Endophyte Status in Summer-Dormant Tall Fescue in the Southern Great Plains of USA

Carolyn A. Young, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation
Dariusz P. Malinowski, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation
Michael A. Trammell, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation
Sindy M. Interrante, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation
Twain J. Butler, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation

Trifolium vesiculosum: Exploring Its Potential in the Uruguay Lowlands Rice Region

Walter Ayala, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria Uruguay
Ethel Barrios, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria Uruguay
Gerónimo Cardozo, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria Uruguay

Management Strategies to Increase Festulolium Productivity and Persistence

Gerónimo Cardozo, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria Uruguay
Walter Ayala, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria Uruguay
Ethel Barrios, Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria Uruguay

Establishment Techniques to Increase the Production of Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) Over-Sown into an Irrigated Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) Pasture

Joseph C. FitzGerald, The University of Queensland, Australia
Mark N. Callow, The University of Queensland, Australia

Influence of Grazing Exclusion on Vegetation and Productivity of Kyrgyz Pastures

N. V. Kilyazova, Кyrgyz Livestock and Pasture Research Institute, Kyrgyz Republic
М. I. Аdenov, Кyrgyz Livestock and Pasture Research Institute, Kyrgyz Republic
К. A. Samsaliev, Кyrgyz Livestock and Pasture Research Institute, Kyrgyz Republic
А. Каrybekov, Кyrgyz Livestock and Pasture Research Institute, Kyrgyz Republic
B. Jeangros, Кyrgyz Livestock and Pasture Research Institute, Kyrgyz Republic

Native Shrubs for Grazing in the Dry, Semi-Arid Sand Dunes of the Mallee Region of Victoria, Australia

Dave Monks, Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Australia

A Comparison between Simulated Grazing, 2-Cut and 3-Cut Silage Management on the Performance of Lolium perenne L.

Mary McEvoy, Teagasc, Ireland
Emer Kennedy, Teagasc, Ireland
Michael O’Donovan, Teagasc, Ireland

Meat and Milk Production on Irrigated Birdsfoot Trefoil Pastures in the Mountain West USA

Jennifer W. MacAdam, Utah State University
Sara R. Hunt, Utah State University
Silvana Martini, Utah State University
Rachael Christensen, Utah State University
Jong-Su Eun, Utah State University

Approaches toward Sustainable Forage-Livestock Systems: Strip-Planting a Legume into a Warm-Season Perennial Grass Pasture

Miguel S. Castillo, University of Florida
Lynn E. Sollenberger, University of Florida
Ann R. Blount, University of Florida
Jason A. Ferrell, University of Florida
Mary J. Williams, US Department of Agriculture
Cheryl L. Mackowiak, University of Florida

Legumes--A High Quality Protein Source in Latvian Animal Feeds

Baiba Osmane, Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvia
Imants Jansons, Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvia
Aleksandrs Jemeljanovs, Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvia
Sallija Cerina, Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvia
Liga Proskina, Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvia

Recent Development of Pasture Plants in Queensland

Kendrick G. Cox, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia

Adaptability and Stability of Productive Characteristics on the Selection of Pennisetum purpureum Schum. Clones Grazed by Sheep

Alexandre C. L. de Mello, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Bruno L. Viana, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Mário de A. Lira, Agronomic Institute of Pernambuco, Brazil
Adriana Guim, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
José C. B. Dubeux Jr., Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Mércia V. F. dos Santos, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Márcio V. da Cunha, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Sílvio H. Lino Dias, Agronomic Institute of Pernambuco, Brazil

Vertical Distribution of Leaves and Stems on the Sward and Forage Intake by Lambs in Tifton-85 Pasture

Alda L. G. Monteiro, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Cláudio J. A. da Silva, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Marina G. B. da Silva, EDUVALE/Avaré, Brazil
Sergio R. Fernandes, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
César H. E. C. Poli, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Nelson T. Santos Jr., Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Thiago Augusto Cruz, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Carolina Dalagassa dos Santos, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil

Evaluation of Limpograss (Hemarthria altissima) Breeding Lines under Different Grazing Managements

Marcelo O. Wallau, University of Florida
Lynn E. Sollenberger, University of Florida
Kenneth H. Quesenberry, University of Florida
João M. B. Vendramini, University of Florida
M. K. Mullenix, University of Florida

Establishment and Growth of Legumes on Uncultivatable Hill Country in East Coast New Zealand

Trevor L. Knight, AgResearch, New Zealand
Tom J. Fraser, AgResearch, New Zealand
Paul D. Muir, On-Farm Research, New Zealand
Chikako van Koten, AgResearch, New Zealand

The Effect of Leucaena leucocephala on Beef Production and Toxicity in the Chaco Region of Argentina

Alejandro Radrizzani, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
José A. Nasca, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina

Characterizing Feeds and Feed Availability in Sud-Kivu Province, DR Congo

Samy B. Bacigale, Université Evangélique en Afrique, Congo
Birthe K. Paul, International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Kenya
Fabrice L. Muhimuzi, Université Evangélique en Afrique, Congo
Neville Mapenzi, Centre de Recherche en Sciences Naturelles, Congo
Michael Peters, International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Colombia
Brigitte L. Maass, International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Kenya

Evaluation of Crop Production and Water Use Efficiency of Autumn-Sown Annual Forage Crops on the Rainfed Region of Loess Plateau China

Qingping Zhang, The State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, China
Lihua Tian, The State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, China
Yuanbo Liu, The State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, China
Lindsay W. Bell, CSIRO, Australia
Jeremy P. M. Whish, CSIRO, Australia
Yuying Shen, The State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, China

Successful Establishment of Oversown Chicory and Plantain on Uncultivatable Hill Country

Grant B. Douglas, AgResearch, New Zealand
Katherine N. Tozer, AgResearch, New Zealand
Catherine Cameron, AgResearch, New Zealand
Tom J. Fraser, AgResearch, New Zealand
Paul D. Muir, On-Farm Research, New Zealand
Ray A. Moss, AgResearch, New Zealand
Grant M. Rennie, AgResearch, New Zealand
Trevor L. Knight, AgResearch, New Zealand

Performance of Medicago varia cv. Gannong No.1 and Onobrychis viciaefolia cv. Gansu in the Mixed Agricultural and Pastoral Zone of Western China

X. R. Wang, Gansu Agricultural University, China
J. P. Wu, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Z. M. Lei, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Y. Liu, Gansu Agricultural University, China
T. Liu, Gansu Agricultural University, China
B. J. Chen, Gansu Agricultural University, China

Effect of Harvest Stage on Forage Yield and Nutritional Value of Winter and Spring Triticale Genotypes

Abidi Sourour, National Institute of Agricultural Research of Tunisia, Tunisia
Ben Youssef Salah, National Institute of Agricultural Research of Tunisia, Tunisia
Jlidi Refka, Ecole supérieure d’Agriculture de Chott Meriam, Tunisia