Track 1-04

Description

The present status of the collection, conservation and utilisation of the pasture germplasm in tropical and subtropical zones in China is reviewed. The Tropical Pasture Research Centre (TPRC) of Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences (CATAS) has been engaged in this research since the 1940s. A low temperature gene bank, an in vitro plant library and a nursery station have been established. In total, 5890 indigenous fodder materials belonging to 478 species, 161 genera and 12 families have been surveyed and collected in South China; 1130 exotic materials belonging to 87 species, 42 genera of grasses and legumes have been introduced and conserved; 3769 materials from 301 species, 127 genera, 12 families have been conserved in the seed bank; 482 materials belonging to 6 species, 6 genera, 3 families have been propagated in vitro, and 388 materials belonging to 10 species, 8 genera, 3 families grown in the plant preservation nursery. Suggestions are made for developing and utilising southern Chinese grassland resources.

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Technical Challenges in Evaluating Southern China’s Forage Germplasm Resources

The present status of the collection, conservation and utilisation of the pasture germplasm in tropical and subtropical zones in China is reviewed. The Tropical Pasture Research Centre (TPRC) of Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences (CATAS) has been engaged in this research since the 1940s. A low temperature gene bank, an in vitro plant library and a nursery station have been established. In total, 5890 indigenous fodder materials belonging to 478 species, 161 genera and 12 families have been surveyed and collected in South China; 1130 exotic materials belonging to 87 species, 42 genera of grasses and legumes have been introduced and conserved; 3769 materials from 301 species, 127 genera, 12 families have been conserved in the seed bank; 482 materials belonging to 6 species, 6 genera, 3 families have been propagated in vitro, and 388 materials belonging to 10 species, 8 genera, 3 families grown in the plant preservation nursery. Suggestions are made for developing and utilising southern Chinese grassland resources.