Track 09-2: Livestock Production Systems

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

Pastoral Systems Changing from Conventional to Social Agriculture in Mediterranean Italy

Andrea Pardini, University of Florence‐Piazzale Cascine, Italy
V. Pratesi, University of Florence‐Piazzale Cascine, Italy
F. Baronti, University of Florence‐Piazzale Cascine, Italy

Impact of Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) Management on the Parasite Burden in Sheep

Cesar H. E. C. Poli, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
E. J. Pegorar, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
P. C. de F. Carvalho, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
M. J. T. de M. Gomes, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
V. Fischer, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
D. B. Montano, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

The Feeding Scheme of Extensive Animal Production Systems in Montado

José Mira Potes, National Plant Breeding Station, Portugal

In‐Herd Diversity of Lifetime Performances: A Key for the Sustainability of Livestock Farming System Based on Grassland

Laurence Puillet, INRA, France
D. Sauvant, INRA, France
M. Tichit, INRA, France

Paddock to Paddock Pasture Yield Variation on Dairy Farms in the Waikato Region of New Zealand

Alvaro J. Romera, DairyNZ, New Zealand
C. E. F. Clark, DairyNZ, New Zealand

Production Raigras According Topographic Position and Year in Natural Grasslands Buenos Aires, Argentina

Mónica B. Sacido, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Ezequiel M. Latorre, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Verónica Porello, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Gerardo Divino, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Alejandro Quiaquinta, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Ever Graze‐Prime Lamb Production on Perennial Based Grasslands in Southwest Australia

Paul Sanford, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
J. Ryan, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
P. Jakobsson, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
E. Dobbe, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
E. McCready, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia

Ever Graze‐More Livestock from Perennials

Geoffrey Saul, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Angela Avery, Department of Primary Industries, Australia

Timing of Grazing Affects Sandhills Grassland Productivity and Diet Quality

W. H. Schacht, University of Nebraska‐Lincoln
J. D. Volesky, University of Nebraska‐Lincoln
P. R. Schroeder, University of Nebraska‐Lincoln

Grazing Itineraries and Feed Intake of Goats on Communal Pastures of the Jabal al Akhdar Mountain Range, Northern Oman

E. Schlecht, University of Kassel, Germany
U. Dickhoefer, University of Kassel, Germany
M. Predotova, University of Kassel, Germany
Andreas Buerkert, University of Kassel, Germany

The Cottonwood Ranch Riparian Management Case Study

Sherman Swanson, University of Nevada, Reno
Kent McAdoo, University of Nevada, Reno
Agee Smith, Cottonwood Ranch
Sandra Wyman, Bureau of Land Management

Effects of Novel Ryegrass Endophytes on Pasture Production and Milk Production from Dairy Cows in Northern New Zealand

Errol R. Thom, Dexcel Ltd., New Zealand
C. D. Waugh, Dexcel Ltd., New Zealand
E. M. K. Minneé, Dexcel Ltd., New Zealand
G. C. Waghorn, Dexcel Ltd., New Zealand
Alison J. Popay, AgResearch, New Zealand

The Use of Concentrate Supplements to Overcome Seasonal Shortages of Grazed Herbage in Beef Production Systems

Valéria P. B. Euclides, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Kepler Euclides Filho, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Fernando Paim Costa, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Alexandre Scaff Raffia, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Short Term Variations in the Leaf Area Index, Tiller Density and Botanical Composition of the Grassland in Inner Mongolia as Affected by Light to Very Heavy Grazing Intensities

H. Wan, China Agricultural University, China
P. Schönbach, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
M. Gierus, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
A. Schiborra, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany
Y. Bai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Friedhelm Taube, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Germany

Grazing Management for the Tropical Savannas of Northern Australia: Utilisation Rates and Timing of Spelling

Andrew I. White, Heytesbury Beef, Australia
L. P. Hunt, CSIRO, Australia
S. R. Petty, Heytesbury Beef, Australia
Dennis P. Poppi, The University of Queensland, Australia

Sheep Production on High Desert Rangelands and Irrigated Pasture

Tumen Wuliji, University of Nevada, Reno
Hudson Glimp, University of Nevada, Reno
Barry L. Perryman, University of Nevada, Reno
Wendy Rauw, University of Nevada, Reno
Tom Filbin, Rafter 7 Ranch

A Test of Grazing Experimental Design and Grazing Effects in a Mixed Grassland Ecosystem

Xiaohui Yang, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Xulin Guo, University of Saskatchewan, Canada

Performance of Beef Cattle Females Grazing under Different Feeding Systems Based on Native Pastures in Southern Brazil

Carlos Nabinger, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Teresa C. M. Genro, EMBRAPA, Brazil
F. F. Cardoso, EMBRAPA, Brazil
M. G. Orqis, EMBRAPA, Brazil
M. M. Oliveira, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
D. P. Montardo, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Productive and Sustainable Pasture Systems: Responding to Climate Variability in the South West of Australia

Ned Crossley, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia

Annual Legumes with Greater Water Use Efficiency Can Overcome Seasonal Feed Imbalance

Belinda Hackney, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
B. Dear, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
G. Dyce, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
C. Rodham, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
G. Li, Department of Primary Industries, Australia

Energetic Supplementation for Beef Heifers Grazing Temperate Pasture

Marta G. da Rocha, Federal University of Santa Maria, Brazil
L. Potter, Federal University of Santa Maria, Brazil

Temporal Mobility Patterns of Livestock in Semi‐Arid Communal Rangelands in South Africa

Igshaan Samuels, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Nicky Allsopp, University of the Western Cape, South Africa
Timm Hoffman, University of Cape Town, South Africa

The Evaluation of Two Cultivation Methods to Over‐Sow Perennial Clovers into Kikuyu

Philip R. Botha, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
Robin Meeske, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
Hennie A. Snyman, University of the Free State, South Africa

Productivity of Different Lamb Production Systems in Temperate and Tropical Pasture of the Southern Region of Brazil

Alda L. G. Monteiro, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Cesar H. E. C. Poli, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
T. D. M. Ribeiro, Paulista State University, Brazil
Anibal de Moraes, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
O. R. Prado, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
H. von L. Piazzetta, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil

Cultivating the Surface Soil to Renovate a Grama Rhodes (Chloris gayana K. cv. Callide) Pasture in Northwest Argentine (NOA). 1. Effect of Implements

R. N. Berti, INTA, Argentina

Cultivating the Surface Soil to Renovate a Grama Rhodes (Chloris gayana K. cv. Callide) Pasture in Northwest Argentine (NOA). 2. Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization

R. N. Berti, INTA, Argentina

The Utilization of Stored Soil Moistures for Forage Legumes Supply in the Dry Season in West Timor, Indonesia

Esnawan Budisantoso, Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology, Indonesia
Neal Dalgliesh, CSIRO, Australia
P. Th. Fernandez, Assessment Institute for Agriculture Technology, Indonesia
T. Basuki, Assessment Institute for Agriculture Technology, Indonesia
E. Hosang, Assessment Institute for Agriculture Technology, Indonesia
D. Kana Hau, Assessment Institute for Agriculture Technology, Indonesia
Jacob Nulik, Assessment Institute for Agriculture Technology, Indonesia

Use of a Simulation Model to Develop Feeding Strategies for Cattle at Pasture in Small Scale Dairy Farming Systems in the Highlands of Central Mexico: Methodological Frame Work

O. A. Castelán-Ortega, Universidad Autónoma del Estadode México, Mexico
J. G. Estrada‐Flores, Universidad Autónoma del Estadode México, Mexico
A. M. J. Espinoza‐Ortega, Universidad Autónoma del Estadode México, Mexico
E. Sánchez‐Vera, Universidad Autónoma del Estadode México, Mexico
M. Hernández‐Ortega, Universidad Autónoma del Estadode México, Mexico
M. A. Rojas‐Garduño, Universidad Autónoma del Estadode México, Mexico
V. Ambriz‐Vilchis, Universidad Autónoma del Estadode México, Mexico

Evaluation of the Intake of Fresh Mulberry in Crossbred Large White Pigs: Morphometric, Histological and Hematological Study

Yuvan Contino, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba
F. Ojeda, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba
R. Herrera, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba
Nancy Altunaga, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba
Guadalupe Pérez, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba
J. L. Moliner, Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes, Cuba

Sheep on the Tibetan Plateau Flock Structure and Breeding Strategies

Luming Ding, Lanzhou University, China
Ruijun Long, Lanzhou University, China
Xusheng Guo, Lanzhou University, China
Wolfgang Bayer

Astragalus Membranaceus, Seed of Cowheb Alters Milk Protein Yields and Lactoferrin, Casein Gene Expression in Cow Mammary Epithelial Cells

Yueyun Ding, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Lili Zhang, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Hongduo Bao, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Tian Wang, Nanjing Agricultural University, China

Effects of Herbal Medicines on Proliferation of Cow Mammary Epithelial Cells in Vitro

Yueyun Ding, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Hongduo Bao, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Fang Jiang, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Lili Zhang, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
Tian Wang, Nanjing Agricultural University, China

Appropriate Stocking Rate of Yak on Alpine Pastures in the Three Rivers Headwater Region of the Qinghai‐Tibetan Plateau

M. Dong, Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, China
X. Q. Zhao, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Y. S. Ma, Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, China
Julia A. Klein, Colorado State University
J. J. Shi, Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, China
Y. L. Wang, Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, China
L. Sheng, Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, China
S. H. Yang, Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, China
X. D. Sun, Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, China

Acaricidal Activity of Essential Oils from Leaves of Chromolaena odorata (L.) King & Robins., Eucalyptus saligna Smith. & Chenopodium ambrosioides on Ticks (Rhipicepha luslunulatus Neumann, 1907) of West African Dwarf Goats (WADG) in Cameroon

E. Tedonkeng Pamo, University of Dschang, Cameroon
B. Boukila, Université des sciences et techniques de Masuku, Gabon
J. Awah-Ndukum, University of Dschang, Cameroon
F. Tendonkeng, University of Dschang, Cameroon

Anthelmintic Property of Fresh Cassava (Manihot esculenta) Leaves Incorporated in the Diet of West African Dwarf Goats

E. Tedonkeng Pamo, University of Dschang, Cameroon
J. Awah-Ndukum, University of Dschang, Cameroon
B. Boukila, Université des sciences et techniques de Masuku, Gabon
F. Tendonkeng, University of Dschang, Cameroon
F. Matumuini Ndzanie Essie, Université des sciences et techniques de Masuku, Gabon

Effect of the Pasture, in Different Seasons, and of the Ripening Time on the Caciocavallo Palermitano Cheese

C. Giosuè, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
M. Alabiso, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
M. L. Alicata, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
V. Ilardi, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
D. Giambalvo, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy
G. Maniaci, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy

The Influence of Breed and Maternal Education on Goat Kids' Intake of a Tannin‐Rich Shrub

T. A. Glasser, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
S. Y. Landau, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
Avi Perevolotsky, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
H. Muklada, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
Eugene D. Ungar, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel

Goat Products, Breeding Objectives and Flock Structure on the Tibetan Plateau

Xusheng Guo, Lanzhou University, China
Ruijun Long, Lanzhou University, China
Luming Ding, Lanzhou University, China
Wolfgang Bayer

Effect of Potato Pulp Silage on Urea Nitrogen Content in Serum and Fecal Nitrogen Excretion by Lactating Cows Grazed on Artificial Temperate Pasture

Masaaki Hanada, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan
Hiroyuki Sasada, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan
Kazutaka Hamabe, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan
Masahito Kawai, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan
Meiji Okamoto, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan

Forage‐Based Beef Cattle Production in Red Soils Region of Southern China

Y. Y. He, Jiangxi Agricultural University, China
Guoqing Xie, Jiangxi Agricultural University, China
Q. H. Shi, Jiangxi Agricultural University, China
S. L. Wen, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
J. R. Liu, Jiangxi Agricultural University, China
Z. Y. Wu, Jiangxie Province Livestock Technology Extension Station, China
M. G. Xu, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
W. J. Zhang, Taihe Animal Husbundry Bureau, China
H. X. Li, Jiangxie Province Livestock Technology Extension Station, China

Multi‐Functionality of Mediterranean Herbaceous Rangelands in Israel: A Comprehensive Pastoral/Grazing System Approach

Zalmen Henkin, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
S. Y. Landau, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
Eugene D. Ungar, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
Avi Perevolotsky, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
Marcelo Sternberg, Tel Aviv University, Israel

Performance of Steers Grazing Star Grass Supplemented with Multi‐Nutritional Blocks

O. Hernández‐Mendo, Colegio de Postgraduados, Mexico
G. Mendoza‐Martinez, Colegio de Postgraduados, Mexico
L. Vargas‐Villamil, Colegio de Postgraduados, Mexico

Role of Special Purpose Pastures in the Integration of Seasonal‐Use Rangelands in Western Gansu, China

L. M. Hua, Gansu Xinjiang Pastoral Development Project, China
V. R. Squires, Gansu Xinjiang Pastoral Development Project, China

Effects of Grazing Intensity on Vegetation Cover and Soil Properties in Central Alborz

Hamid Jalilvand, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran
Reza Tamartash, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Iran
Mohammadreza Tatian, Azad University, Iran
Golriz Hosainzadeh, Azad University, Iran

Determination of Daily Forage Requirements of Camels in the Tabas Rangeland

S. A. Javadi, Islamic Azad University, Iran
H. Arzani, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Effects of Spring‐Resting (Spring Grazing Banning) on Grassland Productivity and Vegetation Composition in Typical Grassland of Inner Mongolia, China

Qingfeng Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Spatial Patterns of Range Management and Fodder Resources: How Important Is Local Reserve Biomass?

Anja Linstädter, University of Cologne, Germany
J. Eisold, University of Cologne, Germany
G. Baumann, University of Cologne, Germany

Effect of Different Feeding Methods on Fatty Acids Composition in Muscle of Nanjiang Yellow Goat

Hailing Luo, China Agricultural University, China
Yongfeng Xu, China Agricultural University, China
Yingjun Zhang, China Agricultural University, China
Xiaohong Zhang, China Agricultural University, China
Kai Liu, China Agricultural University, China

Tissue Composition of Carcass and Fatty Acids Profile of Lambs Meat Finished in Pasture and Feedlot of the Southern Region of Brazil

Maria Angela M. Fernandes, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil
Alda L. G. Monteiro, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil
Cesar H. E. C. Poli, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
R. de Almeida, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil
C. S. de Barros, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil

Productive Performance of Goats and Calves Fed Different Levels of Mulberry Forage

H. Manterola, University of Chile, Chile
D. Cerda, University of Chile, Chile