Track 06-1: Reclamation of Grasslands/Rangelands

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

Reclamation of Saline Soils through Revegetation in Australia: Plants, Processes and People

E. G. Barrett‐Lennard, University of Western Australia, Australia

Restoration of Desertified Grassland and Challenges in Northern China--for the Possibility of Sustained Desertification Reversion

Xueyong Zhao, Chinese Ecosystem Research Network, China
Halin Zhao, Chinese Ecosystem Research Network, China
Xiaoan Zuo, Chinese Ecosystem Research Network, China
Yayong Luo, Chinese Ecosystem Research Network, China
Shaokun Wang, Chinese Ecosystem Research Network, China
Zhiqiang Kou, Inner Mongolia Hydrological Research Institute, China
Hao Qu, Chinese Ecosystem Research Network, China

Zoning of Risk of Death of Brachiaria brizanthain the State of Acre, Brazil

Eufran Ferreira do Amaral, Secretaria de Estado de Meio Ambiente do Acre, Brazil
Judson F. Valentim, EMBRAPA, Brazil
João Luiz Lani, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brazil
Nilson Gomes Bardales, Secretaria de Estado de Meio Ambiente do Acre, Brazil
Edson Alves de Araújo, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brazil
Carlos M. S. de Andrade, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Induced Plant Succession as a Strategy to Reclaim Degraded Pastures in the Brazilian Amazon

Carlos M. S. de Andrade, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Judson F. Valentim, EMBRAPA, Brazil

Syndrome of Death of Marandugrass in the Western Brazilian Amazon

Judson F. Valentim, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Carlos M. S. de Andrade, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Eufran Ferreira do Amaral, Secretaria de Estado de Meio Ambiente do Acre, Brazil

Plant Functional Groups Composition Associated to Management Practices in Temperate Natural Grasslands (Flooding Pampa, Argentina)

Mónica G. Agnusdei, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
O. Fernández, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
M. R. Colabelli, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
P. Vázquez, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
O. Vignolio, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
R. C. Fernández Grecco, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina

Grassland Deterioration in the Source Region of Yangtze‐Yellow Rivers in China and Integrated Control of Ecological Environment

Quangong Chen, Lanzhou University, China
Yulin Mao, Lanzhou University, China

Establishing a Dynamic US Federal National Vegetation Classification Process Standard in Partnership with Non Federal Partners

Ralph H. Crawford, U.S. Forest Service

Rethinking Overgrazing and Strategies for Its Management in Inner Mongolia

Dalintai Churiya, Ecological Research Center on Pastoral Area, China

Self Rehabilitation of Degraded Mongolian Rangeland by Grazing Exclosure

A. Darhiihuu, Research Institute of Animal Husbandry of Mongolia, Mongolia
O. Lkhagvajav, Research Institute of Animal Husbandry of Mongolia, Mongolia
A. Mels, Research Institute of Animal Husbandry of Mongolia, Mongolia
B. Baatar, Research Institute of Animal Husbandry of Mongolia, Mongolia
B. Densambuu, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Mongolia
L. Namdag, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Mongolia
T. Sainkhuu, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Mongolia
Andreas Lüscher, Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station, Switzerland
J. Nösberger, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

Strategy and Issues of Ecological Grass Construction in Jilin Province

F. G. Du, Beihua University, China
W. W. Lu, Beihua University, China

Bush Encroachment: A Major Threat to Pastoralists Livelihood in Ethiopia

Ebro Abule, Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia

Ecological Indicators in a Derived Savanna Disturbed by Oil Spillage and Vegetation Fire in Nigeria

Emmanuel Nzegbule, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Nigeria

Study on Soil Properties of Degraded Desert Plain Grassland in North Tianshan of Xinjiang

Yanmin Fan, Xinjiang Agriculture University, China
Jinzhong Zhu, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Caihong Wang, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China

Preliminary Study on Classified Index System of Grazing Subalpine Meadow in Northwest Sichuan

Youmin Gan, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Ying Qiu, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Yuanjia Luo, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Qin Wang, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Ling Fei, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Yanchun Wang, Sichuan Agricultural University, China

The Degeneration Evaluation of Xilamuren Grassland

Zhongju Meng, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Yong Gao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Lanhua Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Impact of Wildfire and Seeding on the Range Plant Community in the Dry Forests of Southern British Columbia

W. Gardner, Thompson Rivers University, Canada
J. Karakatsoulis, Thompson Rivers University, Canada
P. Youwe, Ministry of Forests and Range, Canada

Land Application of Biosolids to Restore Disturbed Western Rangelands

L. K. Greenhalgh, Utah State University
M. J. McFarland, Utah State University
I. R. Vasquez, Utah State University
M. Vutran, Utah State University
M. Schmitz, Utah Department of Environmental Quality
R. Brobst, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Reasons of the Deterioration of Grassland Eco‐Environment in Inner Mongolia Pasturing Areas

Haishan, Inner Mongolian Normal University, China

Study on Responses of Leymus chinensis of Degraded Grasslands to Kinds of Improved Measures

Dan He, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Xianglin Li, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Liqiang Wan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Feng He, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Predicting Soil Erosion and Deposition Effects on Plant Establishment: A Key to Increasing Restoration Success

J. E. Herrick, U.S. Department of Agriculture
D. P. C. Peters, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Brandon T. Bestelmeyer, U.S. Department of Agriculture
G. S. Okin, University of California, Los Angeles
N. K. Hansen, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Kris M. Havstad, U.S. Department of Agriculture

The Response of Potentilla acaulis Population Property to Desertification Grassland in Agro‐Pastoral Ecotone of Northern China

J. Mi, China Agricultural University, China
J. Wang, China Agricultural University, China
L. Lin, China Agricultural University, China
Kun Wang, China Agricultural University, China

Remote Sensing to Detect Deterioration of Flooding Pampa Rangeland by the Use of Glyphosate

E. J. Jacobo, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
A. Rodriguez, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
N. Heinrich, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
L. Fraschino, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Efforts to Reduce Wind Erosion from Unpaved Roads Cut through Environmentally Sensitive Alaskan and Hawaiian Rangelands

James P. Dobrowolski, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Calvin F. Bagley, Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands

The Study for Grassland Nutrition of Typical Grasslands Difference Degradation Grade

Yushan Jia, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Changes of Persistent Soil Seed Bank in Degraded Seriphidium transillens Desert Grassland

Guili Jin, Xinjiang Agriculture University, China
Jinzhong Zhu, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Honglai Liu, Xinjiang Agriculture University, China

The Role of Sansevieria Intermedia in Degradation and Recovery in Kenyan Drylands

Elizabeth Gallant King, Princeton University

Restoration Technologies to Improve the Grazing Capacity of Degraded Arid‐and Semi‐Arid Rangelands in South Africa

Klaus Kellner, North-West University, South Africa
Loraine van den Berg, Grootfontein Agricultural Development Institute, South Africa

Establishing Vegetation on Mine Waste Areas in Northern Sweden

Stig Ledin, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

Growth Characteristic, Productivity and Nutritive Value of Forages by Reseeding Methods in Forest Fire Burnt Pasture

J. K. Lee, Rural Development Administration, South Korea
S. H. Yoon, Rural Development Administration, South Korea
Y. C. Lim, Rural Development Administration, South Korea
H. C. Ji, Rural Development Administration, South Korea
B. S. Jeon, Rural Development Administration, South Korea
K. Y. Kim, Rural Development Administration, South Korea
K. J. Choi, Rural Development Administration, South Korea
H. S. Park, Rural Development Administration, South Korea
S. Seo, Rural Development Administration, South Korea

Studies on the Effect of Applying Fertilizer on Pinus tabulaeformi in Shen Dong Mine

Meiying Liu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Yong Gao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Chunyuan Hu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Xiao He, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Effect of Land Use on Soil Quality in a Small Arid Catchment of Upper Yangtze River Valley

Shiliang Liu, Beijing Normal University, China
B. J. Fu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
G. H. Liu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
M. K. Ma, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
T. Lu, Northwest Sci‐Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, China
J. Y. Zhou, Northwest Sci‐Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, China

Evaluation of Fencing Grassland and Stopping Grazing on Grassland Restoration in Inner Mongolia

Shurun Liu, Inner Mongolia Normal University, China

Aspects of Range Condition Recovery in the Southern Jebel al Akhdar, Northeastern Libya

Adel Mahmoud, Omaral Mukhtar University, Libya
Ashraf Gadallah, Omaral Mukhtar University, Libya
Sanose Mohemmed, Omaral Mukhtar University, Libya
Musbah Mohamed, Garyounis University, Libya
Adel Abdel‐Ghani, Omaral Mukhtar University, Libya
Ramadan Alhendawi, Omaral Mukhtar University, Libya
Peter J. Russell, Curtin University, Australia

Suitable Species for the Reclamation and Sustainability of Saline Land in Southern Australia

Mary-Jane E. Rogers, Cooperative Research Centre for Future Farming Industries, Australia
A. D. Craig, Cooperative Research Centre for Future Farming Industries, Australia
T. D. Colmer, Cooperative Research Centre for Future Farming Industries, Australia
R. Munns, Cooperative Research Centre for Future Farming Industries, Australia
S. J. Hughes, Cooperative Research Centre for Future Farming Industries, Australia
P. G. H. Nichols, Cooperative Research Centre for Future Farming Industries, Australia
D. Henry, Cooperative Research Centre for Future Farming Industries, Australia

Range Rehabiltation Technologies in Uzbekstan

T. Mukimov, Uzbek Research Institute of Karakul Sheep and Ecology of Deserts, Uzbekistan
A. Hamidov, Uzbek Research Institute of Karakul Sheep and Ecology of Deserts, Uzbekistan
M. Nasyrov, Samarkand State University, Uzbekistan
D. Johnson, Uzbek Research Institute of Karakul Sheep and Ecology of Deserts, Uzbekistan
Sh. Sindarov, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Fire and Grazing to Improve Wildlife Habitat on Introduced Grass Monocultures in Texas

J. Alfonso Ortega‐S., Texas A&M University-Kingsville
Luis E. Ramirez, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
Wendy Austin, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
Leonard A. Brennan, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
G. Allen Rasmussen, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
Caesar Kleberg, Texas A&M University-Kingsville

Food Crops as Temporary Cover Before Pasture Sowing in Mountains of Central Italy

Andrea Pardini, University of Florence‐Piazzale Cascine, Italy
R. Tallarico, University of Florence‐Piazzale Cascine, Italy
F. Natali, University of Florence‐Piazzale Cascine, Italy

A Strategy to Select and Implement Restoration Projects in the Great Basin Desert

Michael Pellant, Bureau of Land Management
D. Major, The Nature Conservancy

Assessment of Plant Biodiversity in the Over Grazed Marginal Lands of Kovilpatti

M. Ramamoorthy, G. Venkataswamy Naidu College, India
I. S. Krishnasamy, G. Venkataswamy Naidu College, India

Soil Compaction by Slurry Injection and the Effect on Soil Quality

N. van Eekeren, Department of Organic Agriculture, The Netherlands
H. C. de Boer, Wageningen University & Research, The Netherlands

The Choice and Siting of Natural Vegetation in Reclamation of Disturbed Land

T. Weaver, Montana State University
K. Aho, Montana State University
S. Regele, Montana State University

Study on Wind‐Sand Defending Mechanism of Single Shrub

Tingting Yang, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Xinhong Wu, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Guozheng Yao, Inner Mongolia Institute of Land Resources Information, China
Peng Li, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Design of Leylus‐Chinensis Grassland Root‐Cutter

Yong You, China Agricultural University, China
Decheng Wang, China Agricultural University, China

Distributed Overgrazing: A Key Cause of Grassland Degradation in Inner Mongolia

Qian Zhang, Peking University, China
Wenjun Li, Peking University, China
Yina Xie, Peking University, China
Changling Li, Peking University, China
Yanbo Li, Peking University, China

Seedling Recruitment in Steppe Communities

Na Zhao, China Agricultural University, China
Kun Wang, China Agricultural University, China
Zengwen Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

The Cause of Grassland Desertification and Its Managing Strategies in Inner Mongolia, P. R. China (Session: A6)

Zhaorigetu Chen, University of Texas at Austin
Hasibagan, University of Tokyo, Japan
Yuhai Bao, Inner Mongolia Normal University, China
Mary Ann Rankin, University of Texas at Austin

Effects of Slope and Defoliation Intensity on the Effectiveness of Desert Wheatgrass for Reduced Runoff and Soil Erosion under Simulated Rainfall

Haitao Zuo, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, China
Juying Wu, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, China

Restoring the Biodiversity of the Roggeveld‐Renosterveld: Evaluation, Multiplication and Establishment of Indigenous Plant Species on Old Agricultural Fields

J. C. Botha, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
C. F. Cupido, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa
N. Visser, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, South Africa

Influence of Exclosure Year on Community Structure and Species Diversity on Typical Steppe

G. L. Shan, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Zhu Xu, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
David R. Kemp, Charles Sturt University, Australia
F. Ning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China