Track 04-1: Indicators for Sustainable Use and Conservation of Grasslands/Rangelands Resources

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

Indicators of Sustainability for Production and Biodiversity Conservation in Australian Rangelands

Margaret H. Friedel, CSIRO, Australia
G. N. Bastin, CSIRO, Australia
A. K. Smyth, CSIRO, Australia

Monitoring of Inner Mongolian Grassland Using Sustainable Roundtable Indictors

Mengli Zhao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Guodong Han, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Mingjun Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Xiaoyu Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Chunli Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Zhongwu Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Dennis Chlld, Colorado State University
Lakhdar Benkobi, Colorado State University
Walter D. Willms, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

Indicators of Sustainability in African Ranglands

Walter J. Lusigi, The World Bank
Leornad Berry, Florida Atlanatic University

Applicability of Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Grassland Management to Rangelands of Patagonia (Argentina)

Gabriel E. Oliva, INTA, Argentina
Andrés F. Cibils, New Mexico State University

The Use of Criteria and Indicator Monitoring of Ecosystem Sustainability to Assess Ecosystem Services on Grasslands/Rangelands

R. Dennis Child
Janette Kaiser
Ralph Crawford

Assessing the Affect of Distance from Settlements on Landscape Function Analysis Indices in Central Mongolia

J. Addison, Institute of Geoecology, Mongolia
M. Nyamtseren, Institute of Geoecology, Mongolia

A Monitoring System to Aid Decision Making in Grassland Management in Arid Areas of China

Zhongling Liu, University of Inner Mongolia, China
Adrian Williams, Pendragon Dryland Management Services, Australia
Dunyuan Hao, University of Inner Mongolia, China

Trigger Points--Decision Tools to Mitigate Seasonal Climate Risk in Western New South Wales, Australia

Yohannes Alemseged, Department of Primary Industry, Australia
Ronald B. Hacker, Department of Primary Industry, Australia
W. J. Smith, Department of Primary Industry, Australia

Case Studies in Developing Rangeland Sustainability Indicators: Scale Matters

B. H. Allen‐Diaz, University of California
L. Huntsinger, University of California, Berkeley
J. W. Bartolome, University of California, Berkeley
L. D. Ford

Forage Production Estimate of Incienso (Flourensiathurifera (Mol.) DC.), Repanda (Atriplex repanda Phil.) and Numularia (Atriplex nummularia Lindl.) According to Shrub Size and Annual Rainfall

P. Azócar, Universidad de Chile, Chile
A. Mansilla, Universidad de Chile, Chile
D. Troncoso, Universidad de Chile, Chile
D. Patón, Universidad de Extremadura, Spain

Natural and Cultural Resources, Qualities of the Products and Local Development in Rangeland and Grassland Areas in France: Animal Products in the "PDO System"

C. Béranger
J. Bonnemaire

Development of Resilience‐Based State‐and‐Transition Models

David D. Briske, Texas A&M University
Brandon T. Bestelmeyer, U.S. Department of Agriculture
T. K. Stringham, Oregon State University
P. L. Shaver, U.S. Department of Agriculture

New Approaches to Measuring the Functional Value of Biodiversity in Plant Communities

John Connolly, University College Dublin, Ireland
Caroline Brophy, University College Dublin, Ireland
J. A. Finn, Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland
Laura Kirwan, Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland
Andreas Lüscher, Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station, Switzerland
T. Sebastia, Catalonia‐University of Lleida, Spain
A. Weigelt, Friedrich‐Schiller‐University Jena, Germany

Fluorometry--An Evolving Methodology for Range Animal Ecologists

Dean M. Anderson, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Gary D. Rayson, New Mexico State University

New Approaches for Coping with Pastoral Risk

M. W. Demment, University of California, Davis
D. L. Coppock, Utah State University
R. Kaitho, Texas A&M University

Estimating Pastoral Pressure on Arid Rangelands Taking into Account Herd Management Practices

Didier Genin, Université de Provence, France
Ali Hanafi, Université de Tunis, Tunisia

Soil Nutrients as Indicators of Desertification in Northern Kenya

H. Guyo Roba, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway
Gufu Oba, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway

A Test of the Key Resource Hypothesis in the Richtersveld, South Africa

Gareth Hempson, University of Edinburgh, UK
Andrew Illius, University of Edinburgh, UK
Howard Hendricks, South African National Parks, South Africa
Susanne Vetter, Rhodes University, South Africa

Infrared Heater Arrays for Warming Grazingland Field Plots

Bruce A. Kimball, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Matthew M. Conley, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Shiping Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Xingwu Lin, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Caiyun Luo, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Jack Morgan, U.S. Department of Agriculture
David Smith, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Biotools: Indicators for Biodiversity Outcomes of Grazing Practices in the Australian Rangelands

Alexander Kutt, CSIRO, Australia
E. P. Vanderduys, CSIRO, Australia
I. J. Gordon, CSIRO, Australia

Combining Agroecological Knowledge and Empirical Knowing to Build Pastoral Management Guidelines within Multipurpose Land Use

D. Magda, INRA, France
N. Girardet, INRA, France
P. Gascouat, Lycée Agricole d'Oloron, France
D. Lassalle, Lycée Agricole d'Oloron, France

Sustainability Assessment of Animal Production Systems in the (Sub)Tropics: Review and Prospectson Combining Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) with Other Environmental Impact Assessment Methods

Andrea C. Mayer, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

Assessing Resource Condition in Grazing Lands: How Do Different Indicators Compare?

John G. McIvor, CSIRO, Australia
C. K. McDonald, CSIRO, Australia
Neil D. MacLeod, CSIRO, Australia

Ecological Pratacultural Construction and Sustainable: Development Strategies in Guizhou

Bentian Mo, Beijing Forestry University, China
Changsong Feng, Beijing Forestry University, China
Xinshi Lu, Beijing Forestry University, China

Using Microhistological Techiques to Predict Botanical Composition of Horse Diets on Cool‐Season Grass Pasture

Jesse Ira Morrison, University of Kentucky
S. Ray Smith, University of Kentucky
Glen E. Aiken, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Dealing with Transitions in Climate, Economic, and Political Conditions in Eurasia

D. S. Ojima, Colorado State University
T. Chuluun, Colorado State University
S. Temirbekov, Colorado State University
T. Riley, Colorado State University

Plant Species Diversity as an Indicator of Sustainable Use of Astrebla Grasslands in Australia

David M. Orr, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia
David G. Phelps, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia

A Rapid Assessment Technique to Evaluate Rangeland Health

Michael Pellant, Bureau of Land Management
Jeffrey E. Herrick, U.S. Department of Agriculture
P. L. Shaver, U.S. Department of Agriculture
F. Busby, Utah State University
D. A. Pyke, U.S. Geological Survey

Resilience of Ecosystem Structure and Function during Succession Following Prescribed Burning in a Shrub‐Steppe Ecosystem in Wyoming, USA

E. Pendall, University of Wyoming
M. B. Cleary, University of Wyoming
B. E. Ewers, University of Wyoming
K. Naithani, University of Wyoming
H. Kwon, University of Wyoming

Decline in Land Condition in Astrebla Grassland during Prolonged Drought in Australia

David G. Phelps, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia
David M. Orr, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia
I. W. Houston, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia
L. Rolfe, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia
J. Silcock, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Australia

Estimation of Tree Height, Biomass, and Standing Carbon in Miombo Woodlands Using Radar Interferometry

Natasha S. Ribeiro, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Mozambique
Robert A. Washington‐Allen, Texas A&M University
Marc Simard, California Institute of Technology
Herman H. Shugart, University of Virginia

Changes in Range Condition in the Arid Shrublands of Western Australia: Application of Spatialand Temporal Analysis to Long‐Term Monitoring Data

Peter J. Russell, Curtin University, Australia
Ian W. Watson, CSIRO, Australia
Phil W. E. Thomas, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
Brien E. Norton, Curtin University, Australia

Modelling Trade Offs between Ecological and Economic Performances in Grazed Grasslands: Importance of Temporal Stocking Density

Rodolphe Sabatier, INRA, France
M. Tichit, INRA, France
L. Doyen, CNRS, France

Definition of Indicators for Rangeland Health in the Pantanal, Brazil

S. A. Santos, EMBRAPA, Brazil
G. S. Souza, EMBRAPA, Brazil
Arnaud L. J. Desbiez, Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, UK
U. G. P. Abreu, EMBRAPA, Brazil

An Operational Monitoring Program in the Grasslands Region of Western Australian Rangeland

Philip Thomas, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
Andrew Craig, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
Paul Novelly, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia

Procedures for Estimation of the Livestock Ecological Footprint in US Drylands

Robert A. Washington‐Allen, Texas A&M University
John E. Mitchell, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Rangeland Monitoring in the Kimberley Region of Western Australia--Changes in Perennial Grass Frequency

Ian Watson, CSIRO, Australia
Philip Thomas, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
Paul Novelly, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia
Andrew Craig, Department of Agriculture and Food, Australia

Physical and Hydric Characterization of a "Red‐Yellow Dystrophic Latossolo" under Different Tillage System and Grassland Systems

Wellington W. Rocha, Universidade Federal do Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Brazil
Rita de Cássia Ribeiro Carvalho, Universidade Federal do Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Brazil
Bruno da Silva Pires, Universidade Federal do Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Brazil
Ayeska Hübner Braga Nunes, Universidade Federal do Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Brazil

Heavy Grazing of Beef Cattle Combined with Supplementary Sowing to Improve Deteriorated Pastures

Fujin Yuan, Beef Cattle and Pasture Research Center of Yunnan Province, China
Xiandong Jin, Beef Cattle and Pasture Research Center of Yunnan Province, China
Wenrong Wu, Beef Cattle and Pasture Research Center of Yunnan Province, China
Guorong Yang, Beef Cattle and Pasture Research Center of Yunnan Province, China

Species Area Relationships in a Mountainous Agro‐Pastoral Ectone in Northern China

Shuhua Zheng, Chinese Agriculture University, China
Kun Wang, Chinese Agriculture University, China

The Influences of Land Use Patterns on Wind Erosion of Meadow Grasslands

Yaozhi Zhou, Ministry of Agriculture, China
Xiaoping Xin, Ministry of Agriculture, China
Guixia Yang, Ministry of Agriculture, China
Xu Wang, Ministry of Agriculture, China

Dynamics of Module Structures in Puccinellina tenuiflora Clones in Alkalinized Meadow in the Songnen Plains, China

Xiaodong Zhuang, Northeast Normal University, China
Yunfei Yang, Northeast Normal University, China

Biodiversity, Vegetation Measurements, and Rehabilitation of Foothills of Khanasser Valley (Southeast of Aleppo)

A. Khatib Salkini, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria
M. Audat, Atomic Energy Commission, Syria
J. Tiedeman, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria

Application of Nuclear Techniques in Improving Pasture/Range Management

Majid Ajorlo, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Ramdzani B. Abdullah, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Initial Study on the Construction of Evaluation Index System of the Herdsman Rights and Interests Protection--Taking Tianshan Pasture of Urumqi, Xinjiang as an Example

Ying Ao, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Quarantine Grassland Workstation, China
Litao Feng, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Quarantine Grassland Workstation, China
Weifeng Chen, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Quarantine Grassland Workstation, China

The Effect of the Exclude on the Improvement of the Rangelands in Hamadan Province, Iran

G. H. Asadian, Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center, Iran
M. R. Sadeghimanesh, Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center, Iran

Simulation Tools and Pastoral Resources Dynamics in Sahelian Area: The Senegalese Example

Alassane Bah, Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, Senegal
Ibra Touré, CIRAD, France
Alexandre Ickowicz, CIRAD, France
Amadou Tamsir Diop, PPZS, Senegal

The Impact of Overgrazing on Needlegrass‐Peashrub‐Forbs Community

D. Bolormaa, Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, Mongolia
B. Avaadorj, Institute of Geo‐Ecology, Mongolia
B. Enkhmaa, Land Implementation Agency, Mongolia
Ts. Altanzul, Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, Mongolia

Cymbopogon nardus, a Grass Weed in the Rangelands of Uganda: Impact on Plant Species Biodiversity and Livestock Performance

S. G. Byenkya, NARO, Uganda
C. Ebong, Secretariat, Uganda
C. Sudhe, NaLIRRI, Uganda
J. Kigongo, NaLIRRI, Uganda

Natural Resource Management: Building the Case for Civic Participation in Managing the Environment

Karen Cosgrove, Department of Primary Industries and Resources, Australia