Track 03-2: Soil‐Plant‐Animal Interrelationships

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Proceedings edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

Soil‐Plant Indicators for Determining the Impact of Management on the Stability of Grasslands in Cattle Exploitation

Sandra Lok, Instituto de Ciencia Animal, Cuba
Gustavo Crespo, Instituto de Ciencia Animal, Cuba
E. Frómeta, Instituto de Ciencia Animal, Cuba
S. Fraga, Instituto de Ciencia Animal, Cuba

Effects of Haloxylon Plantation on Some Soil Characteristics and Vegetation Cover

Mohammad Jafary, University of Tehran, Iran
H. Niknahad, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran
R. Erfanzadeh, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran
M. Tahmoures, University of Tehran, Iran

Sward Allowance at Early Lactation of Primiparous Dairy Cows: IV-Body Condition Score and Reproductive Parameters

M. Lourdes Adrien, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
A. Meikle, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
Pablo Soca, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
D. A. Mattiauda, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
P. Chilibroste, Universidad de la República, Uruguay

Change of Regrowth of Seripidium transiliensis Poljak in Different Grazing Disturbance

Shazhou An, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Zongjiu Sun, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Meng Tao, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Falan Jin, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Xianhua Zhang, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China

Different Grazing Manner Effects on Ecological Indicators of the Typical Steppe Vegetation in Mongolia Plateau

Xiuxia Bao, Inner Mongolia Agriultural University, China
Jin Yi, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Qimuge Wuren, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Yong Lian, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Buda Su, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Effect of Management on the Productivity of Chloris gayana in the Rangelands of Uganda

B. G. Bwengye, Makerere University, Uganda
E. N. Sabiiti, Makerere University, Uganda
P. Grimaud, Makerere University, Uganda

Sward Allowance at Early Lactation of Primiparous Dairy Cows: I‐Milk Yield and Composition

P. Chilibroste, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
D. A. Mattiauda, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
Pablo Soca, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
A. Meikle, Universidad de la República, Uruguay

Sward Allowance at Early Lactation of Primiparous Dairy Cows: II‐Ingestive Behaviour

P. Chilibroste, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
C. Carballo, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
D. A. Mattiauda, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
Pablo Soca, Universidad de la República, Uruguay

Monthly Activity Centres of African Elephants in a Small Game Reserve

Xiaohua Dai, Durban University of Technology, South Africa
Kevin Duffy, Durban University of Technology, South Africa

Effects of Livestock Grazing on Soil Moisture and Rangeland Vegetation Cover in Upland Grasslands of Iran

Fazel Amiri, Islamic Azad University, Iran
M. Farahpour, Range and Forest Institute, Iran
Sh. Fadai

Effects of Supplemental Feed and White‐Tailed Deer Density on Vegetation

Timothy Fulbright, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
Charles A. DeYoung, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
David G. Hewitt, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
Eric Grahmann, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
Reagan Gage, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
Ryan Darr, Texas A&M University-Kingsville
Don Draeger, Comanche Ranch

Correlations between Soil Properties and Plant Growth for Special Synthetic Soils Added with Five Components Used in High‐and‐Cut Rock Slopes

Guijuan Gao, Guangdong Education Institute, China
Zhongyi Yang, Sun Yat-sen University, China

Grazing and Drought Interactively Influence Total Plant Density

Y. Z. Gao, Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel, Germany
M. Giese, Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel, Germany
Z. Y. Zhou, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
X. G. Han, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Friedhelm Taube, Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel, Germany
H. Brueck, Christian‐Albrechts University of Kiel, Germany
S. Lin, China Agricultural University, China

Estimation of Bermudagrass Forage Intake from Canopy Spectral Absorbance Measurements Using Hyperspectral Radiometry

F. Q. Gao, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Michael A. Brown, U.S. Department of Agriculture
X. Z. Wang, Xinjiang Agricultural Vocational and Technical University, China
P. J. Starks, U.S. Department of Agriculture
J. P. Wu, Gansu Agricultural University, China

Comparison of Forage Quality of Astragalus effusus Bunge at Three Growth Stage, Management Systems

Gelavij Zamani Dadaneh, Shahrekord University, Iran
Ataollah Ebrahimi, Shahrekord University, Iran

Evaluation of Grazing Intensity Effects on Mineral Nutrients Grassland Soils (A Case Study Grassland Golestan Province of Iran)

S. Ghanbari Shourkaie, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Methane Emissions from Inner Mongolian Cashmere Goats at Different Dietary Nutrient Levels

Xuefeng Guo, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China
Huawei Li, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China
Hai Jin, Inner Mongolia Academy of Animal Science, China
Dexun Lu, Inner Mongolian Academy of Animal Sciences, China
Osamu Enishi, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Mitsunori Kurihara, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan

Grazing Behaviour of Yak (Bos grunniens) in Warm‐and Cold‐Season Paddocks of Potentilla fruticosa Alpine Rangeland in Northern Qinghai‐Tibetan Plateau

Nobumi Hasegawa, University of Miyazaki, Japan
R. Song, Yushu State Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Center, China
G. Li, Yushu Prefectural Grassland Station, China
Akira Fukuda, Shizuoka University, Japan
S. Feng, Mengyuan Prefectural Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station, China

Grassland Management for Year‐Round Grazing with Regard to Organic Beef Production in the Warm Regions of Japan

Kiyoshi Hirano, National Agricultural Research Center, Japan
Yuji Nakanishi, National Agricultural Research Center, Japan
Atsushi Shoji, National Agricultural Research Center, Japan

Sheep Recognize Chewing Easiness of Grass Leaves Prior to Prehension through Sensing Bending Strength

A. Hongo, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan
E. Devee, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan
M. Hirata, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan
J. Zhang, Northwest Agriculture and Forest University, China
J. Cheng, Northwest Agriculture and Forest University, China

Effect of Grazing Intensity and Time on Diet Composition and Intake of Herbage in Grazing Sheep

Honglian Hu, Inner Mongolian Academy of Animal Sciences, China
Dexun Lu, Inner Mongolian Academy of Animal Sciences, China
Yongzhi Liu, Inner Mongolian Academy of Animal Sciences, China
Yakui Li, Hebei North University, China

Seasonal Changes on Trace Elements and Analysis of Their Sufficiency or Lack in Soil‐Forage‐Animal Ecosystem in Stud Farm around Qinghai Lake

T. Jiao, Gansu Agricultural University, China
L. Zhang, Jiangsu Animal & Veterinary College, China
R. T. Liu, Gansu Agricultural University, China

Phosphorus Accumulation in Soil Surface under Japanese Lawngrass (Zoysia japonica Steud.) Pasture

M. Kaneko, Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology, Japan
Y. Kurokawa, Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology, Japan
Qing Hai, Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology, Japan
H. Tanaka, Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology, Japan
S. Suzuki, Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology, Japan
T. Kamata, Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology, Japan

The Effects of Fermentation and Split Application of Liquid Swine Manure on Dry Matter Yield of Italian Ryegrass and Subsequent Soil Quality

M. C. Kim, Cheju National University, South Korea
K. J. Hwang, Cheju National University, South Korea
S. T. Song, Cheju National University, South Korea
C. H. Hyun, Cheju National University, South Korea
T. H. Kang, Cheju National University, South Korea

Processes in Plant‐Soil System of Coastal Grasslands Induced by Management Practice

Tiina Köster, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia
K. Kauer, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia
M. Sammul, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia
R. Kölli, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia
A. Selge, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia
M. Noormets, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia
H. Raave, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia

Long‐Term Cattle Grazing Effects on Soil Chemistry in the Rough Fescue Grassland

Chunli Li, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
Walter D. Willms, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Xiying Hao, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Ben Ellert, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Mengli Zhao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Guodong Han, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Diet Selection and Intake of Yak (Bos grunniens) in Warm‐and Cold‐Season Paddocks of Potentilla fruticosa Rangeland in Northern Qinghai‐Tibetan Plateau

Guomei Li, Yushu Prefectural Grassland Station, China
Nobumi Hasegawa, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Rende Song, Yushu Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Center, China
Youliang Wang, Mengyuan Prefectural Grassland Station, China
Shengqing Feng, Mengyuan Prefectural Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station, China

Alternative Perennial Legumes on Acid Soils in Southern New South Wales, Australia

Guangdi Li, EH Graham Centre for Agricultural Innovation, Australia
Richard C. Hayes, EH Graham Centre for Agricultural Innovation, Australia
B. S. Dear, EH Graham Centre for Agricultural Innovation, Australia

Antagonistic Interactions between Foliar Endophytes and Root Mycorrhizal Symbionts of Lolium perenne

Q. Liu, AgResearch, New Zealand
A. J. Parsons, AgResearch, New Zealand
J. A. Newman, University of Guelph, Canada
H. Xue, AgResearch, New Zealand
Susanne Rasmussen, AgResearch, New Zealand

Dynamics of Seedling Emerging and Survival Rates of Stipa baicalensis Steppe: Community under Two Utilizing Regimes

Mingjiu Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Q. F. Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
F. L. Shi, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
J. L. He, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Sward Allowance at Early Lactation of Primiparous Dairy Cows: III-Metabolic Profiles

A. Meikle, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
D. A. Mattiauda, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
G. Uriarte, Ministerio Ganaderia y Agricultura, Uruguay
L. Adrien, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
Pablo Soca, Universidad de la República, Uruguay
P. Chilibroste, Universidad de la República, Uruguay

Soil-Plant-Animal Interrelationships and the Mineral Status in Grazing Cattle with the New Agro-Ecological Conditions in Cuba

Odilia Gutiérrez, Instituto de Ciencia Animal, Cuba
Gustavo Crespo, Instituto de Ciencia Animal, Cuba
R. Mejias, Instituto de Ciencia Animal, Cuba
R. Garcia, Instituto de Ciencia Animal, Cuba
H. Fajardo, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias Jorge Dimitrov, Cuba

The Effect of Vegetative Cover in the Erosion Prevention of a Cattle Trodden Slope Pasture

T. N. Pande, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
H. Yamamoto, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan

Sward Characteristics of Dairy Cows Grazed at Two Stocking Rates in Agro‐pastoral Transitional Zone of Northern China

Yonghong Shi, Shanxi Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, China
Jianguo Han, China Agricultural University, China

Effect of Stocking Density of Yak (Bos grunniens) on Floral Diversity and Biomass of Rangeland in Northern Qinghai‐Tibetan Plateau

Rende Song, Yushu Prefectural Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Center, China
G. Li, Yushu Prefectural Grassland Station, China
Nobumi Hasegawa, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Youliang Wang, Mengyuan Prefectural Grassland Station, China
Shengqing Feng, Mengyuan Prefectural Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station, China

Flexibility Nutrition Substance Dynamic of Seriphidium transiliense under Three Enclosure Status

Zongjiu Sun, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Shazhou An, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Xu Peng, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China

Relation between Vegetation and Soil in West Azarbaijan Rangelands of Iran

J. Torkan, University of Urmia, Iran
S. Gholinejad, University of Kurdistan, Iran
A. Alijanpoor, University of Urmia, Iran

Effects of Herbage Species on the Spatial Heterogeneity of Biomass in Grazed Pasture: Kentucky Bluegrass vs. White Clover

M. Tsutsumi, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
M. Fukasawa, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
N. Tachi, Tohoku University, Japan
S. Itano, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
T. Kosako, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
H. Tsukada, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan

Changes in Sward Composition under Different Grazing Management

V. Pavlů, Crop Research Institute, Czech Republic
Michal Hejcman, Crop Research Institute, Czech Republic
L. Pavlů, Crop Research Institute, Czech Republic
Jan Gaisler, Crop Research Institute, Czech Republic

Effect of Grazing Gradients on Soil Microbe Variation in Inner Mongolia Steppe

Xiaoyu Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Mengli Zhao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Guodong Han, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Growth and P Uptake of Dactylis glomerata L . and Anthoxanthum odoratum L . Response to Mycorrhizal Inoculation in Acid Condition

Wu En, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
G. R. Xin, Sun Yat-sen University, China
K. Sugawara, Tohoku University, Japan

Effects of Cattle Grazing on Survival and Regrowth of Miscanthus sinensis Tillers

T. Takahashi, Tohoku University, Japan
T. Shishido, Tohoku University, Japan
Shin-ichiro Ogura, Tohoku University, Japan
S. Sato, Tohoku University, Japan

Vertical Distribution of Plant Parts and the Selectivity of Harvesting Heights by Cattle in Miscanthus sinensis

T. Takahashi, Tohoku University, Japan
Shin-ichiro Ogura, Tohoku University, Japan
K. Sugawara, Tohoku University, Japan

Germination Response of Different Species to Allelopathy on Rangeland Plants

Mei Tian, Lanzhou University, China
Fujiang Hou, Lanzhou University, China

Impact of Grazing Densities, Animal Types, Supplemental Feedings on Forest‐Steppe Pasture

Seishi Yamasaki, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan
Katsuhisa Shimoda, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan
Bayaraa Baasanjalbuu, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan
L. Narangerel, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan
D. Pagmaa, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan
A. Hirano, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan
K. Shindo, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan
N. Togtokhbayar, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan
K. Toriyama, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Japan

Water Use by Dominant Species in Grazed and Intact Grassland Ecosystems of Inner Mongolia, China

Hao Yang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Yongfei Bai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Karl Auerswald, Technische Universität München, Germany
Xingguo Han, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Responses of Vegetative Propagation of Reaumuria soongorica to Grazing and Fenced Non‐Grazing

Y. J. Zeng, Lanzhou University, China
Yanrong Wang, Lanzhou University, China

Effect of Lambs' Early Weaning on Their Growth Performance and the Pasture's Stocking Rate

Liping Zhang, Gansu Agricultural University, China
D. Fang, Gansu Agricultural University, China
J. F. Xu, Gansu Agricultural University, China
J. P. Wu, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Z. M. Lei, Gansu Agricultural University, China

Improving Land Productivity and Sustainability by Developing Lucerne and Livestock Production in Huanxian County, Gansu Province, China

Fuzhong Zhang, Grassland Station of Huanxian County, China
Guifeng Hou, Grassland Station of Huanxian County, China
Tingyu Duan, Lanzhou University, China
Shenghua Chang, Lanzhou University, China

Study on Root System Morphology of Creeping‐Rooted Alfalfa and Related Analysis of Soil Physical Factor

Jinpeng Zhang, Beijing Forestry University, China