Track 02-2: Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Soil Quality and Plant Nutrition

Does Pre‐Existing Vegetation Make a Difference for Re‐Establishing Native Shrubs?

Michael P. Schellenberg, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
J. C. Perez, Semiarid Prairie Agricultural Research Centre, Canada
D. Henderson, Environment Canada, Canada
John F. Wilmshurst, Parks Canada, Canada

Effect of Azospirillum on Fodder Production in the Semi‐Arid Region of South India

J. Sebastinraj, Mahendra Arts and Science College, India
K. Mahoharan, Mahendra Arts and Science College, India
Kailash Paliwal, Madurai Kamaraj University, India

Patterns in Tropical Grass Silicification: Response to Substrate Fertilization

Valentin Kindomihou, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Pierre Meerts, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Brice Sinsin, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin

The Impact of Different Grassland Land‐Uses on Earthworm Populations in a New Zealand Fragi‐Pallic Soil

Todd A. White, AgResearch, New Zealand
Trevor L. Knight, AgResearch, New Zealand
C. L. Goulter, AgResearch, New Zealand
W. J. Clarke-Hill, AgResearch, New Zealand

Intensive Grazing Leads to Degradation and Spatial Homogenization of Topsoils in Two Major Steppetypes in Inner Mongolia, P. R. China

M. Wiesmeier, Technische Universität München, Germany
M. Steffens, Technische Universität München, Germany
A. Kölbl, Technische Universität München, Germany
I. Kögel-Knabner, Technische Universität München, Germany

How Do Native and Improved Grasses Affect Above‐Ground Production and Soil Organic C?

Walter D. Willms, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
X. Hao, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Guodong Han, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Mengli Zhao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
H. Douwes, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

Na Compound Fertilizer Promotes Growth and Enhances Drought Resistance of Desert Plants

Xiangrui Zhou, Lanzhou University, China
Lijun Yue, Lanzhou University, China
Chunmei Wang, Lanzhou University, China
Suomin Wang, Lanzhou University, China

Sward Height Effect on Emission of NH3 from Broiler Manure Applied to Dactylis glomerata L.

Shabtai Bittman, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
A. K. Lau, University of British Columbia, Canada
D. E. Hunt, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
C. G. Kowalenko, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

Effect of Nitrogen Fertilisation and Cutting Frequency on the Yield and Regrowth of Panicum maximum Jacq in West Cameroon

E. Tedonkeng Pamo, University of Dschang, Cameroon
B. Boukila, Université des sciences et techniques de Masuku, Gabon
C. N. Meduke, University of Dschang, Cameroon
F. Tendonkeng, University of Dschang, Cameroon

Litterfall Deposition along an Altitude Gradient, Northeast Mexico

Humberto González, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico
T. G. Domínguez, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
I. C. Silva, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico
M. V. Gómez, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico
R. G. Ramírez, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico

Change in Soil NH4+‐N and NO3- under Different Land Use Types in the Longzhong Part of Loess Plateau

Ding Guo, Lanzhou University, China
Xiaoyu Dong, Lanzhou University, China
Xiaodong Li, Lanzhou University, China
Xudong Li, Lanzhou University, China
Hua Fu, Lanzhou University, China

Effects of Nitrogen Fertilizers on Growth and Turf Quality of Kentucky Bluegrass

Yuling Deng, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Yan Peng, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Yukuan Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Effects of Alfalfa Stand Age on Rhizosphere Soil Phosphorus in Saline Soil

Wenxing Gao, Lanzhou University, China
Zhiyu Zhou, Lanzhou University, China
Lili Zhang, Lanzhou University, China
Bin Ma, Lanzhou University, China
Gang Zhang, Lanzhou University, China

Effect of Peat on the Soil Physical Properties

Jianyu Cui, China Agricultural University, China
Yajia Liu, China Agricultural University, China
Kangguo Mu, China Agricultural University, China
Xiaoqing Zhang, China Agricultural University, China
Lin Hu, China Agricultural University, China

Improving the Sustainability and Mitigating Environmental Impacts of Grazed Grassland

H. J. Di, Lincoln University, New Zealand
K. C. Cameron, Lincoln University, New Zealand

Biological Absorbing Capacity of Nutrient Elements by Some Temperate Tame Grasses

Zhanchi Du, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
J. W. Fan, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
H. P. Zhang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Estimation of Plant N, P and K Contents in the Inner Mongolia Steppe Using SPAD Value

Wa Gao, Inner Mongolia Academy of Rangeland Survey and Design, China
En Wu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
N. Ishikawa, University of Tsukuba, Japan
Qi Xing, Inner Mongolia Academy of Rangeland Survey and Design, China
M. Goto, Mie University, Japan

Effect of Silicon Application on Water Use Efficiency of Alfalfa Plants

Zhenggang Guo, Lanzhou University, China
Huixia Liu, Lanzhou University, China
Suomin Wang, Lanzhou University, China

N‐P‐K Balance in a Milk Production System on a C. nlemfuensis Grassland and a Biomass Bank of P. purpureum CT‐115 Clone

Gustavo Crespo, Animal Science Institute, Cuba
Idalmis Rodríguez, Animal Science Institute, Cuba
Omar Martínez, Animal Science Institute, Cuba

Effects of Microbiotic Crust Nutrients on the Different Vegetations

Zhi He, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Yong Gao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Hailong Zhang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Ruiping Zhou, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Zhiying Mi, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Effects of Yearly Simulated Temperature Rise and Nitrogen Deposition on Soil Nutrient in the Songnen Meadow Steppes of Northeast China

L. J. Hu, Northeast Normal University, China
D. L. Wang, Northeast Normal University, China
W. W. Wang, Northeast Normal University, China
J. X. Guo, Northeast Normal University, China

Effect of Boron Fertilizer on Density, Growth, Seed Yield and Nutrient Concentrations of Centrosema pubescens Grown in Humid Subtropical Areas of Yunnan in China

Meifen Huang, Beef Cattle and Pasture Research Center of Yunnan Province, China
Zhanxing He, Beef Cattle and Pasture Research Center of Yunnan Province, China
Jiaxiang Kui, Beef Cattle and Pasture Research Center of Yunnan Province, China
Yi Zheng, Yunnan Agriculture University, China
Ziwei Zhou, Beef Cattle and Pasture Research Center of Yunnan Province, China
Kehui Lin, Yunnan Agriculture University, China

Organic Fertilization of Sorghum Seeds for Forage for Use by Monogastric and Ruminant Livestock

Elizabeth Cruz, Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas, Cuba
J. Ly, Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas, Cuba
R. Almaguel, Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas, Cuba
V. Martínez, Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas, Cuba
M. D. García, Instituto de Investigaciones Porcinas, Cuba

The Study of Physico‐Chemical Characteristics of Soil‐Vegetation Relationships in Saliferous and Gypsiferous Soils of Winter Rangelands in Eshtehard (Iran)

A. Ahmadi, Islamic Azad University of Arak, Iran
E. Moghiseh, University of Tehran, Iran
M. Peyrowi, University of Tehran, Iran
S. Mahmoodi, University of Tehran, Iran

Effects of Soil pH and Fe2+ Content on Growth and Physiology of Alfalfa

Yuan An, Shanghai Jiaotong University, China
Jianfeng Li, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Jixiong Sun, Gansu Agricultural University, China

Chemical Composition of Panicum maximum Planted with Different Manure Sources

O. M. Arigbede, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Jimoh A. Olanite, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Alaba O. Jolaosho, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Olufemi S. Onifade, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
U. Y. Anele, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
A. O. Amole, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria

Critical Plant and Leaf N Concentrations of an Ageing Timothy Sward

Gilles Bélanger, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Gaëtan F. Tremblay, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization and Cutting Management on the Chemical Composition of Panicum maximum Jacq in West Cameroon

B. Boukila, Université des sciences et techniques de Masuku, Gabon
E. Tedonkeng Pamo, University of Dschang, Cameroon
F. Tendonkeng, University of Dschang, Cameroon
C. N. Meduke, University of Dschang, Cameroon

Effect of Liming and Mineral Fertilisation on Soil Properties and Long‐Term Sward Agrocoenosis Productivity

Ruta Butkute, Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Lithuania

Effect of Sod‐Production on Soil Qualities in Beijing Areas

Jianyu Cui, China Agricultural University, China
Kangguo Mu, China Agricultural University, China
Yajia Liu, China Agricultural University, China
Lin Hu, China Agricultural University, China
Fusuo Zhang, China Agricultural University, China

Response of Spatial Distribution of Phosphorus in Soil to Wetlands Restoration in Yellow River

Delta Qiuyi Ding, Beijing Normal University, China
Junhong Bai, Beijing Normal University, China
Haifeng Gao, Beijing Normal University, China

Biological Ways to Improve the Production of Forage Pea for Use in the Animal Feed Industry

D. Egamberdieva, National University of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan
L. Gafurova, Tashkent State University of Agriculture, Uzbekistan

Residue Effects of Animal Manures on Forage Production and Soil Fertility after Receiving Longterm of Manure Application

Fu‐Hsing Hsu, Council of Agriculture, Taiwan
KuoYuan Hong, Council of Agriculture, Taiwan
ChiHsin Lu, Council of Agriculture, Taiwan

The Soil Improvement Effect of Afforestation in Grassland--Take Gegentala Grassland as Example

Zhongju Meng, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Yong Gao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Deren Yan, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Effect of Grazing on Soil Structure and Consequences for Soil Mechanical and Hydraulic Propertiesin Inner Mongolia

A. Reszkowska, Christian‐Albrechts‐University, Germany
J. Krümmelbein, Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus, Germany
S. Peth, Christian‐Albrechts‐University, Germany
L. Gan, Hunan Normal University, China
X. Peng, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
R. Horn, Christian‐Albrechts‐University, Germany

Clopyralid Uptake of Contaminated Compost‐Fertilised Corn

Ryuichi Uegaki, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Munehiro Ebato, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Madoka Sutoh, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan
Yimin Cai, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Japan

Long‐Term Phosphorus Fertilization and Perennial Legumes Addition Impacts on a Temperate Natural Grassland: II. Total and Particulate Soil Organic Carbon

Lucía Salvo, Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay
José A. Terra, INIA, Uruguay
Walter Ayala, INIA, Uruguay
Raül Bermudez, INIA, Uruguay
José Correa, INIA, Uruguay
Paola Avila, INIA, Uruguay
Jorge Hernández, Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay

Changes in Inorganic Ion Accumulation and Growth of Leymus chinensis Community along the Retrogression on the Songnen Grassland in Northeastern China

Lianxuan Shi, Northeast Normal University, China
Jixun Guo, Northeast Normal University, China

Plant Species Composition and Soil Microbial Community Structure in a Semi‐Natural Grassland in Japan

Shu‐ichi Sugiyama, Hirosaki University, Japan
Atushi Okubo, Hirosaki University, Japan
M. Zabed Hossain, Hirosaki University, Japan
Guangcheng Liu, Hirosaki University, Japan

Nitrogen Losses through Denitrification from a Grazed Pasture as Affected by the Use of Anitrification Inhibitor

W. Sun, Liaoning Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Jiafa Luo, AgResearch, New Zealand
S. Lindsey, AgResearch, New Zealand
Sterwart F. Ledgard, AgResearch, New Zealand

Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium Utilization and Their Nutrient Cycling in a Beef‐Forage Production System

Yusuke Tabata, Kyoto University, Japan
Masayuki Kitagawa, Kyoto University, Japan
Kazato Oishi, Kyoto University, Japan
Hajime Kumagai, Kyoto University, Japan
Shinichi Kume, Kyoto University, Japan
Hiroyuki Hirooka, Kyoto University, Japan

Carbon and Nitrogen Characteristic in Plants and Soils of the Degraded Alpine Kobresia pygmaea Meadow in the Tibetan Plateau

Qiji Wang, Chinese Academy of Science, China
Shixiong Li, Chinese Academy of Science, China
Zenchun Jing, Chinese Academy of Science, China
Wenying Wang, Qinghai Normal University, China

Isolation and Characteristics of Hydrogen-Oxidizing Bacteria in The Leguminous Rhizosphere in Grassland of Sanjiangyuan Region

Weiwei Wang, Northwest University, China
Bo Fu, Northwest University, China
Changhui Li, Qinghai University, China

Unidirectional Na+ Influx under Different Growth Stages of Puccinellia tenuiflora and Wheat

C. M. Wang, Lanzhou University, China
J. L. Zhang, Lanzhou University, China
G. Q. Wu, Lanzhou University, China
Suomin Wang, Lanzhou University, China

Na+ Uptake Pathways in the Halophyte Suaeda maritime

Suomin Wang, Lanzhou University, China
Jinlin Zhang, Lanzhou University, China
Timothy J. Flowers, University of Sussex, UK

Tillage Systems and Biological Nitrogen Fixation of Soybean (Glycine max)

Xianzhi Wang, Lanzhou University, China
Yuying Shen, Lanzhou University, China
Tianling Xie, Lanzhou University, China
Murray Unkovich, The University of Adelaide, Australia

Effects of Molybdenum on Enzyme Activity and Blade Cell Submicro‐Structure of Chamaecrista rotundi folia

Boqi Weng, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, China
D. F. Huang, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Y. X. Wang, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, China
T. Luo, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Zhaoyang Ying, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Science, China

Using 15N Isotopic Dilution Method to Quantify the Associative Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria from Grassland in Eastern Qilian Mountains

Linqiao Xi, Tarim University, China
Juan Qi, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Degang Zhang, Gansu Agriculutral University, China
Tuo Yao, Gansu Agricultural University, China

Fractal Dimension and Variability of Soil Particle in Grassland

Bing Xu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Shuyin Zhao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Changfu Tong, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Changes of Mineral Nutriments in Leaves of Two Tall Fescue Cultivars by Foliar Application of Iron and Zinc under Heat Stress

Sheng Xu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Xingyuan He, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Wei Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Jianlong Li, Nanjing University, China