Track 01-4: Ecology of Grasslands/Rangelands

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China from June 29 through July 5, 2008.
Edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Ecology of Grasslands/Rangelands

Effects of Grazing and Mowing on Vegetation Characteristic in Leymus chinensis Grassland

Heshan Zhang, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science, China
J. B. Lin, Tianjin North Landscape Ecology Science and Technology Research Institute, China
X. L. Li, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Y. Liu, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science, China
H. Tian, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science, China

Studies on Formation Classification and Composing Characteristic of Helophyte in Maqu Meadow, China

Huaishan Zhang, Institute of Lanzhou Animal Science and Veterinary Pharmaceutics, China
Fuping Tian, Institute of Lanzhou Animal Science and Veterinary Pharmaceutics, China
Jinghua Li, Institute of Lanzhou Animal Science and Veterinary Pharmaceutics, China

Structures of the Dormancy Modules on Puccinellia tenuiflora Populations in Alkalinized Meadow in the Songnen Plains of China

Lihui Zhang, Northeast Normal University, China
Jimin Zhao, Northeast Normal University, China
Yunfei Yang, Northeast Normal University, China

A Virtual Growth Model of the Whole Structure and Dynamics of Lespedeza dahurica

W. P. Zhang, Shanxi Agricultural University, China
X. Zhao, Shanxi Agricultural University, China
Y. Zhang, Shanxi Agricultural University, China
Kuanhu Dong, Shanxi Agricultural University, China

Effect of Saline‐Alkali Stress on Physiological Characteristics of Grain Amaranth Seedling

Yuxia Zhang, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities, China
Yuqin Zhang, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities, China
Weiwei Tan, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities, China

Relationship of Soil Seed Bank and Vegetation in Hot‐Dry Valley Grassland of Jin‐Sha River

J. L. Zhang, Yunnan Agriculture University, China
Y. F. Bi, Yunnan Agriculture University, China

The Study on the Photosynthetic Characteristics of Three Melilotoides ruthenica Strains

Lili Zhao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Zhaolan Wang, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Qingfeng Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Jiancai Du, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Xiaotao Mao, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China

Effects of Drought Stress on Protective Enzymes Activities in Leaves of Lespedeza dahurica Seedlings

Xiang Zhao, Shanxi Agricultural University, China
Zhibing Hou, Shanxi Agricultural University, China

The Growth of Size on Cynodon dactylon Clone in Yili River Valley

Yu Zhao, Northeast Normal University, China
Haiyan Li, Northeast Normal University, China
Yunfei Yang, Northeast Normal University, China

Grassland Sustainability and Livestock Production in Taipusi Banner, Inner Mongolia

Y. Zheng, Gansu Agriculture University, China
David R. Kemp, Charles Sturt University, Australia
Z. Xu, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China
R. Jones, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
T. Takahashi, Charles Sturt University, Australia
Q. Tian, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China
T. XiLin, Gansu Agriculture University, China

Effect of NaCl Concentration on Embryogenic Callus Growth and Plant Regeneration of Pennisetum Purpureum Schumach (Napier Grass) in Vitro

Xiaoxian Zhong, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Jianming She, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Hongru Gu, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Somatic Embryogenesis and Plant Regeneration from Immature Inflorescences of Pennisetum purpureum Schumach (Napier Grass)

Xiaoxian Zhong, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Jianming She, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Hongru Gu, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Jianli Zhang, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Wanchao Ni, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Relationships between Veresk Rangeland Vegetation and Environmental Characteristic Using Multivariate Analysis Methods

E. Shahriary, University of Tehran, Iran
M. Beniaz, University of Tehran, Iran
A. Tavili, University of Tehran, Iran
H. M. Asgari, University of Tehran, Iran
H. Khedrigharibvand, University of Tehran, Iran

The Role of Plant Richness & Diversity on Ecological Equilibrium of Rangeland Habitats on Alborz Mountain (North of Iran)

D. Asgarizadeh, Islamic Azad University, Iran
M. H. Jouri, Azad University of Nour Branch, Iran
V. Rahimi, University of Practical Scientific of Tonkabon, Iran
J. Shahi, Pune University, India

Soil Seed Bank of Three Populations of Capparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew

Abdulaziz M. Assaeed, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Adaptation Benefit Two Grass Coexisting in Meadow Steppe of Northeast China

Lei Ba, Northeast Normal University, China
Wei Xu, Northeast Normal University, China
Deli Wang, Northeast Normal University, China

Profile of Water Uptake in Winterfat during Seed Germination

Ruojing Wang, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Canada
Yuguang Bai, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Edward J. Kendall, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Karen Tanino, University of Saskatchewan, Canada

Plant Energy Functional Groups and Their Coupling Relationship with the Functional Degradation of Steppe Ecosystem

Yajing Bao, Dalian Nationalities University, China
Zhenghai Li, Dalian Nationalities University, China
Xingguo Han, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

The Caloric Values of Main Plant Species and Functional Groups in the Steppe Communities of Xilin River Basin

Yajing Bao, Dalian Nationalities University, China
Zhenghai Li, Dalian Nationalities University, China

Analysis of Photosynthetic Characteristics of Heteropogon contortusin Arid‐Hot Valley Areas of Jinsha River

Yufen Bi, Yunnan Agricultural University, China
X. L. Ma, Yunnan Agricultural University, China
T. Sun, Yunnan Agricultural University, China

Effects of Different Enzyme Combination and Dissociation‐Time on the Protoplast Isolation of Alfalfa

Aiping Chen, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Yupeng Luo, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Run Yan, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China
Bo Zhang, Xinjiang Agricultural University, China

Grazing Behaviors of Goats and Sheep in Winter and Spring in a Desert Steppe

H. J. Chen, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Mingjiu Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Y. M. Shan, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Zh. Y. Wu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Zh. Q. Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Variation of POD Activity in Roots of Different Fall Dormancy Alfalfa under the Autumn Cutting

Libo Chen, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Lei Liu, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Zhiyong Li, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China
Meizhen Wang, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Experimental Study on Stipa bungeana Grassland of Enclosed, Cutting and Grazing Succession for 26 Years Semi‐Arid Region of Northwest

J. M. Cheng, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
L. P. Qiu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Q. Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
J. Cheng, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
X. N. Jia, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

The Effect of Hay Covered on Soil Evaporation

Xiangxin Cui, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Yong Gao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Xingyuan Zhang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Diachronic Analysis of Vegetation in the Sylvopastoral Zone (Senegal): What Lesson to Learn from?

A. T. Diop, PPZS, Senegal
A. Diouf, PPZS, Senegal
A. Wane, PPZS, Senegal

Effect of Salt Stress on the Tall Wheatgrass at the Stage of Seedling

Kuanhu Dong, Shanxi Agricultural University, China
Yanqing Liu, Shanxi Agricultural University, China

Photosynthesis and Soil Respiration from a Mixed‐Grass Prairie: Effects of Grazing and Drought

Xuejun Dong, North Dakota State University
Paul Nyren, North Dakota State University
Bob Patton, North Dakota State University
Guojie Wang, North Dakota State University
Brian Kreft, North Dakota State University
Anne Nyren, North Dakota State University
Ryan Limb, North Dakota State University
Don Kirby, North Dakota State University
Larry Cihacek, North Dakota State University

Long‐Term Cattle Grazing Affected Specific Leaf Area and Its Components in Two Range Plant Species

Xuejun Dong, North Dakota State University
Paul Nyren, North Dakota State University
Bob Patton, North Dakota State University
Brian Kreft, North Dakota State University
Anne Nyren, North Dakota State University

Effects of Grazing on Reproductive Characteristics of Stipabreviflora in Desert Steppe

Lixia Du, Shanxi Agricultural University, China
Qingfeng Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Testing the Neutral Theory of Plant Communities in Subalpine Meadow

Xiaoguang Du, Lanzhou University, China
Shurong Zhou, Lanzhou University, China

Dynamics of Leymus chinensis and Hierochloe glabrain Grassland Plantings within the Songnen Plains of China

Guangzhi Fan, Northeast Normal University, China
Yunfei Yang, Northeast Normal University, China

Inter‐Annual Dynamics of Grassland Yields and Assessment of Herbage Supply in the Headwater Region of Three Rivers over 18 Years

Jiangwen Fan, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Junbang Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Zhouqi Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Huaping Zhong, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Quanqin Shao, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Jiyuan Liu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Wenyan Zhang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Assessment of Important Environmental Factors Affecting Agropyron trichophrum Establishment by Using an Ordination Method

Fazel Amiri, Islamic Azad University, Iran
M. R. Chaichi, University of Tehran, Iran
T. Tabatabai, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Application of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) in Priority Classification of Utilization Measurement Methods in Agropyrun trichophrum Stands in Upland Grasslands of Iran

Fazel Amiri, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Obstacles of Determining Compensation in Grassland Ecological Values

Zhiyi Gai, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Xiufang Gao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Analysis of C‐Banding and Karyotype of Chromosome of Two Galega Species

Hongwen Gao, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Xinyu Zhang, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Zan Wang, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China

Presentation of Diversity, Life Forms and Chorology of Plant Species in Rangelands of Jahrom

Gh. Ghanbarian, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran
E. Jafari, Research Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources of Fars Province, Iran
A. Hatami, Research Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources of Fars Province, Iran
M. Tayebi Khorrami

Which Vegetation Sampling Approach Is More Efficient for a Rangeland Inventory?

Gh. Ghanbarian, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran
M. Mesdaghi, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran
H. Barani, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran
M. Azimmohseni, University of Agricultural Sciences, Iran

Behavior of Medicinal Species of Cichorium intybus against Salinity on Different Developmental Stages

M. Ghavam Arabani, University of Tehran, Iran
H. Azarnivand, University of Tehran, Iran
A. Tavili, University of Tehran, Iran

Effects of Different Utilization Levels on Species Richness Changes in Saral Grassland, Kurdistan Province

S. Gholinejad, University of Kurdistan, Iran
M. Vafakhah, University of Kurdistan, Iran
S. A. R. Mousavi, University of Tehran, Iran

Water Relations in Native Trees, Northeastern Mexico

Humberto González, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico
I. A. Molina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico
I. C. Silva, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico
M. V. Gómez, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico
R. G. Ramírez, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico

The Comparison of Photosynthetic Physiological Characteristics between Leymus chinensis and Leymus secalinus in the Songnen Plains

R. Guo, Northeast Normal University, China
Yunfei Yang, Northeast Normal University, China

Biological Soil Crust under Shrubs and Its Topsoil Properties in the Process of Dune Vegetation Restoration in the Horqin Sandy Grassland, Inner Mongolia

Yirui Guo, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Halin Zhao, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Xiaoan Zuo, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

The Successional Dynamic Changing Process of Vegetation Steppe from Central Asia and Mongolian Pasture

Erdenejav Guriin Proffessor, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Mongolia

Effect of Patch Size of Metacommunity on Species Diversity in Leymus chinensis Meadow in the Songnen Plains of China

Dayong Han, Northeast Normal University, China
Yunfei Yang, Northeast Normal University, China
Jiandong Li, Northeast Normal University, China

Response of Activated Oxygen Metabolism to Water Stress in Different Drought‐Tolerant Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) at Seedling Stage

Ruihong Han, South China Agriculture University, China

Ecological Characteristics of Halophytes in the Arid Areas

Wenjun Han, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Kunio Hamamura, Tottori University, Japan

Responses of Photosynthetic Rate of Lucerne and the Mechanisms under Cutting at Different Water Availabilities

Shubin He, Lanzhou University, China
Huimin Yang, Lanzhou University, China
Guoli Liu, Lanzhou University, China
Zhilong Zhang, Lanzhou University, China

Citric Acid Accumulation of Puccinellia tenuiflorais a Specific Adaptive Response to Alkaline Stress

Hong Yan, Northeast Normal University, China
Shangjun Yin, Zhejiang Wanli University, China
Wei Zhao, Air Force Avigation University, China
Decheng Shi, Northeast Normal University, China