Track 01-3: Ecology of Grasslands/Rangelands

The 21st International Grassland Congress / 8th International Rangeland Congress took place in Hohhot, China in 2008.
Edited by Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC Conference
Published by Guangdong People's Publishing House

21st International Grassland Congress/
8th International Rangeland Congress:
Ecology of Grasslands/Rangelands

Forage Potential of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) for Wildlife

D. Maćešić, University of Zagreb, Croatia
S. Sikora, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Z. Svečnjak, University of Zagreb, Croatia
D. Uher, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Preliminary Investigations on Columbus Grass (Sorghum almum Parodi) for Fodder in Semi‐Arid Nigeria: Effects of Sowing Methods on Growth Components and Herbage Yield

B. S. Malami, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Nigeria
H. M. Tukur, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Nigeria
H. Dahiru, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Nigeria

Seasonal Dynamics of the Rangeland's Vegetations of Arid Zone of Uzbekistan

Bakhtiyor K. Mardonov, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan
Wolfgang Pittroff, Livestock Systems Research, Germany
Toshpulot F. Rajabov, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan
F. N. Bobodjanov, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan

Grazing Summer‐Active Tall Fescue in South‐Eastern Australia

Margaret Raeside, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
Michael A. Friend, CRC Future Farm Industries, Australia
Alister Lawson, CRC Future Farm Industries, Australia

Tiller Weight versus Tiller Number in a Perennial Ryegrass Population: A Productivity Index

Cory Matthew, Massey University, New Zealand
A. M. Sartie, Massey University, New Zealand
H. S. Easton, Palmerston North, New Zealand

Biodiversity and Structure of Subtropical Boliviano‐Tucumano Mountain Forests, Depending on Disturbance Intensity due to Forest Grazing and Selective Timber Logging

Andrea C. Mayer, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
F. S. Zenteno, Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Bolivia
S. Beck, Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Bolivia
Svenja Marquardt, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Michael Kreuzer, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
H. Alzérreca, Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Bolivia

Initial Development of Dwarf Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) Clones in the Coastal Region of Pernambuco State, Brazil

Alexandre C. L. de Mello, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
M. V. Cunha, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
M. A. Lira, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
M. V. F. Santos, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
José C. B. Dubeux Jr., Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil
E. V. Freitas, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil

Soil Factors Affecting the Distribution of Four Salt Tolerant Range Plants in Eastern Azarbaijane Province (Gharakhlar)

A. Mokhtari Asal, Isalamic Azad University, Iran
Sh. Rastegar, Isalamic Azad University, Iran
S. Kh. Mahdavi, Isalamic Azad University, Iran
M. R. Sadeghimanesh, Isalamic Azad University, Iran

Does Disturbance Similarly Facilitate Weed Invasion within Grass, Forb, and Shrub Plots?

Tom A. Monaco, U.S. Department of Agriculture
E. D. Leonard, U.S. Department of Agriculture

The Effect of Annual Weather on Spring Grass Phenological Development

G. Nagy, University of Debrecen, Hungary
K. Petö, University of Debrecen, Hungary

Ecology of Herbaceous Legumes in the Fortescue River Valley Floodplain, Western Australia

Dion Nicol, Curtin University, Australia
J. E. D. Fox, Curtin University, Australia

Hydraulic Lift through the Root Systems in Zygophyllum xanthoxylum

Decao Niu, Lanzhou University, China
Xiaohong Xue, Lanzhou University, China
Shifang Pei, Lanzhou University, China
Hongrong Zhang, Lanzhou University, China
Hua Fu, Lanzhou University, China

Effect of Sowing and Oversowing on Species Abundance in Mountain Pastures of Central Italy

Andrea Pardini, University of Florence‐Piazzale Cascine, Italy
F. Natali, University of Florence‐Piazzale Cascine, Italy

Genetic Structure and AFLP Variation of Six Native Festuca hallii (Vasey Piper) Populations in the Northern Great Plains of Canada

Jie Qiu, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Yongbi Fu, Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada, Canada
Yuguang Bai, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
John F. Wilmshurst, Parks Canada, Canada

Drought Response of Trichloris crinita Plants with Different Aridity History: Water Use, Leaf Elongation and Senescence

R. E. Quiroga, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
L. J. Blanco, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
R. A. Golluscio, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Changes on Floristic Composition of Flooding Pampa Rangeland by the Use of Glyphosate

A. Rodriguez, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
E. J. Jacobo, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
J. Vilarino, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
K. Kessel, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Applying Multivariate Analysis in Semi‐Steppe Rangelands (Case Study: Steppe Rangelands of Fars Province, Iran)

S. Mohtashamnia, Arsanjan Azad University, Iran
Gh. Zahedi, University of Tehran, Iran
Hossein Arzani, Arsanjan Azad University, Iran

Radiation Use Efficiency of Alfalfa‐Tall Fescue Mixtures in a Temperate Humid Area

Omar Scheneiter, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
O. Bertín, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina

Productivity and Persistence of Kura Clover-Grass Mixtures

Philippe Seguin, McGill University, Canada
R. Drapeau, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

The Study of Salinity and Drought Stress Effects on Three Range Species Agropyron intermedium, Avena barbata and Panicum antidotale from Iran

M. M. Sharifi Kashan, Natural Resource Administration, Iran
Z. Tolui, Bu‐Ali Sina University, Iran

Effect of Soil and Subhabitat Differentiation on Seedling Establishment and Growth of Acacia mellifera Subsp. Detinens in a Semi‐Arid Savanna of South Africa

G. N. Smit, University of the Free State, South Africa
M. G. Hagos, University of the Free State, South Africa

Productivity Loss Due to Fire in a Semi‐Arid Rangeland of South Africa

Hennie A. Snyman, University of the Free State, South Africa

The Rooting Depth, Root Biomass and Its Vertical Distribution Regularity of Alfalfa in Different Growing Years in Beijing Plain

Hongren Sun, China Agricultural University, China
Jianyi Sun, China Agricultural University, China
Tianfu Guan, China Agricultural University, China
Ruixin Wu, China Agricultural University, China
Lingfa Ma, China Agricultural University, China
Pinghong Li, China Agricultural University, China

Water Requirement and Water Requirement Rate of Alfalfa in Bashang Area

Hongren Sun, China Agricultural University, China
Lingfa Ma, Gansu Agricultural University, China
Jianguo Han, China Agricultural University, China
Ruixin Wu, China Agricultural University, China
Pinghong Li, China Agricultural University, China

Alien Plant Invasions of Jinfo Mountain National Nature Reserve--Identifying and Implying

Juan Sun, Qingdao Agricultural University, China
Ruijun Long, Lanzhou University, China
Guofeng Yang, Qingdao Agricultural University, China
Yuqiang Gai, Qingdao Agricultural University, China
Di Yan, Southwest University, China
Yongqing Teng, Southwest University, China

The State of Forage Germplasm Resources in Yunnan Province

Zhenzhong Sun, Yunnan Agricultural University, China
Jun Yin, Yunnan Forage and Feeding Stuff Workstation, China
Qiao Wei, Yunnan Agricultural University, China

Rehabilitation of Grasslands through Perennial Grass Recruitment within Existing Swards

R. Thapa, Charles Sturt University, Australia
David R. Kemp, Charles Sturt University, Australia
Warwick B. Badgery, Department of Primary Industries, Australia
David L. Michalk, Department of Primary Industries, Australia

Ordination of Plant Communities at Nazlochai Basin in West Azarbaijan Rangelands of Iran

J. Torkan, University of Urmia, Iran
A. Alijanpoor, University of Urmia, Iran

Prescribed Burning Based on Range Condition in the Okavango Delta Ramsar Site in Botswana, Africa

W. S. W. Trollope, Working On Fire‐International, South Africa
L. A. Trollope, Working On Fire‐International, South Africa
C. de B. Austin, Working On Fire‐International, South Africa
A. C. Held, Working On Fire‐International, South Africa

Forb Responses to Varying Grazing Regimes in Australian Native Temperate Grasslands

Vivienne Turner, Department of Sustainability and Environment, Australia
H. Zimmer, Department of Sustainability and Environment, Australia

Overgrazing Affects Arbuscular Mycorrhizae Diversity and Abundance in Patagonian Steppe

Natalie von Dudinszky, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
M. N. Cabello, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina
A. A. Grimoldi, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
S. Schalamuk, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
R. A. Golluscio, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Studies on Transgenic Wheatgrass of Exogenous CBF4 Gene

Guihua Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Fugui Mi, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Chunbo Xu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Shujun Dong, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Studies of Population Characteristic Affecting Senescence of Elymus sibiricus

J. W. Wang, China Agricultural University, China
Y. S. You, China Agricultural University, China
Kun Wang, China Agricultural University, China

Testing Diversity Effects of Forage Biodiversity in the Karst Region of Southwestern China

Min Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Zhiliang Tan, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Aijun Yi, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Kelin Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Jue Zhu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Fractal Characteristics of the Distribution Pattern of Ceratoides arborescens Populations from Inner Mongolia Grassland

Puchang Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Jin Yi, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Lili Zhao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Zhilong Han, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Xiangnan Xu, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Dynamics of Reproductive Allocation of Reproductive Tillers in Stipa baicalansis Populations on the Songnen Plains, China

Tiezhi Wang, Northeast Normal University, China
Yunfei Yang, Northeast Normal University, China

Dynamic Change of Production and Botanical Composition in Trifolium repens and Perennial Grass Mixtures over 20 years in the Karst Region, Southwest China

Yuansu Wang, Animal Husbandry Bureau of Guizhou Province, China
Fuzeng Hong, China Agriculutral University, China
Qingrong Wa, Animal Husbandry Bureau of Guizhou Province, China
Alan McDermott, AgResearch Ltd., New Zealand

Study on Leaf Production of Alfalfa at Different Planting Densities

Z. F. Wang, Jilin Academy of Agriculture Sciences, China
A. K. Xu, Jilin Academy of Agriculture Sciences, China
H. Z. Yu, Jilin Academy of Agriculture Sciences, China
Y. C. Zhou, Jilin Academy of Agriculture Sciences, China

Response of Plant Species Diversity to Simulated Climate Change Nitrogen Supply in Desert Steppe

Zhen Wang, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Guodong Han, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Menli Zhao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Dan San, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Xiong Han, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Fuguang Gao, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Changes of Proline Content in Leaves of Two Alfalfa Cultivars with Different Salt Tolerance Undersalt Stress

Xiaoshan Wang, China Agricultural University, China
Jianguo Han, China Agricultural University, China
Yanjing Su, Yangzhou University, China

Study on Community β‐Diversities of Different Grazing Systems in a Desert Steppe Environment

Zhijun Wei, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China
Ruirui Yan, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China
Jing Yang, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China
Shangming Yang, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, China

Analysis of Fire Spread Rates between Seeded and Unseeded Areas in the Snake River Plains of Idaho, USA Using the Behave© Fire Model

J. Wilford, Boise State University
M. Pellant, Boise State University
M. Wicklow‐Howard, Boise State University

Influence of Aridity on Carbon Isotope Discrimination in Leaves of Stipa and Other C3 Species in Central Asian Grassland

M. Wittmer, Technische Universität München, Germany
Karl Auerswald, Technische Universität München, Germany
R. Tungalag, National University of Mongolia, Mongolia
Chunhua Bai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Yongfei Bai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Hans Schnyder, Technische Universität München, Germany

Study on the Change of Micro‐Relief and Plant Community in the Hulunbuir Sandy Nature Meadow Prairie

Qiqige Wuren, Hulunbuir College, China
A. Zhang
Dalai Munkh
Xiaodong Wu

The Effect of Mycorrhizal Fungi on Italian Ryegrass in Guangzhou Paddy Field

Guorong Xin, Sun Yat-sen University, China
Bing Sun, Sun Yat-sen University, China
Yujie Yang, Sun Yat-sen University, China
Jin Wu, Sun Yat-sen University, China
Zhongyi Yang, Sun Yat-sen University, China

Strategy of Reproductive Allocation of Stellera chamae jasme Population

F. Xing, Northeast Normal University, China
J. X. Guo, Northeast Normal University, China
Y. Wang, Northeast Normal University, China
Y. Chen, Northeast Normal University, China

Effects of Air Velocity on Eco‐Physiological Characteristics of Some Common Herb Species in Horqin Sand Land, Inner Mongolia, China

G. Y. Yue, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
H. L. Zhao, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
H. Qu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
L. Niu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Effect of Exogenous Hormone and Explants Maturity on Callus Induction in Psathyrostachys juncea

Lan Yun, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Jinfeng Yun, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China
Junqin Li, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, China

Effects of Atriplex canescens on Planted Areas in Iran

M. A. Zare Chahouki, University of Tehran, Iran
M. Jafari, University of Tehran, Iran
H. Azarnivand, University of Tehran, Iran
M. Shafi Zadeh, University of Tehran, Iran

Changes in Content of Endogenous Hormones in Alfalfa Leaf under Different Water Stress

Chunmei Zhai, Jilin Agricultural University, China
Bo Deng, China Agricultural University, China
Hongwen Gao, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China
Zan Wang, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China