Date Available


Year of Publication


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation




Early Childhood, Special Education, and Rehabilitation Counseling

First Advisor

Dr. Malachy Bishop

Second Advisor

Dr. Debra Harley


The State of Kentucky has a high and increasing number of reported cases of traumatic brain injury (TBI), mostly attributed to motor vehicle crashes, falls, and being struck by or against an object. Young adults are among those most at-risk for experiencing a TBI through motor vehicle crashes. Using existing data from the Kentucky Post-School Outcomes Center (KyPSO), 90 youth with TBI were identified within a period of 6-years of the longitudinal study (2012-2017). The majority were males and White. Descriptive statistics, chi square, and logistic regression were used to examine the post-secondary outcomes for youth with TBI, using four demographic variables: gender, ethnicity, residence, and rural or urban status. None of these were associated with post-secondary outcomes for the sample. The results indicated that more than 50% of the youth with TBI had positive outcomes, yet they rarely used the services provided for them in the schools or at the workplace. This study suggests that, although the demographic characteristics did not predict post-secondary outcomes, other variables within education and employment yielded interesting results that could benefit rehabilitation counselors.

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