Author ORCID Identifier

Date Available


Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Document Type

Master's Thesis




Early Childhood, Special Education, and Counselor Education

First Advisor

Dr. Collin Shepley


Developing friendships is an important aspect in the lives of children. Children begin developing friendship related skills in toddlerhood and can begin maintaining these friendships by preschool-age. Few Tier 1 interventions exist to support children in preschool classrooms to develop these critical friendships. Interactive shared book reading is a common practice in early childhood classrooms that involves an adult reading a book to one or more students with embedded questions about the book to increase engagement and understanding with book themes. Reading to Engage Children with Autism in Language and Learning (RECALL) is an adaptation of interactive shared book reading which embeds distancing questions which allows students to connect the book themes to their own lives. This study sought to see if interactive shared book reading RECALL procedures with books with friendship themes increased friendship behaviors and perceptions between preschool dyads during play in centers within a single-case design.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)