Year of Publication

2014

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

College

Engineering

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Sen-Ching S. Cheung

Second Advisor

Dr. Kevin Donohue

Abstract

Video surveillance is an important tool used in security and environmental monitoring, however, the widespread deployment of surveillance cameras has raised serious privacy concerns. Many privacy-enhancing schemes have been recently proposed to automatically redact images of selected individuals in the surveillance video for protection. To identify these individuals for protection, the most reliable approach is to use biometric signals as they are immutable and highly discriminative. If misused, these characteristics of biometrics can seriously defeat the goal of privacy protection. In this dissertation, an Anonymous Biometric Access Control (ABAC) procedure is proposed based on biometric signals for privacy-aware video surveillance. The ABAC procedure uses Secure Multi-party Computational (SMC) based protocols to verify membership of an incoming individual without knowing his/her true identity. To make SMC-based protocols scalable to large biometric databases, I introduce the k-Anonymous Quantization (kAQ) framework to provide an effective and secure tradeoff of privacy and complexity. kAQ limits systems knowledge of the incoming individual to k maximally dissimilar candidates in the database, where k is a design parameter that controls the amount of complexity-privacy tradeoff. The relationship between biometric similarity and privacy is experimentally validated using a twin iris database. The effectiveness of the entire system is demonstrated based on a public iris biometric database.

To provide the protected subjects with full access to their privacy information in video surveillance system, I develop a novel privacy information management system that allows subjects to access their information via the same biometric signals used for ABAC. The system is composed of two encrypted-domain protocols: the privacy information encryption protocol encrypts the original video records using the iris pattern acquired during ABAC procedure; the privacy information retrieval protocol allows the video records to be anonymously retrieved through a GC-based iris pattern matching process. Experimental results on a public iris biometric database demonstrate the validity of my framework.

Share

COinS