Year of Publication
Doctor of Nursing Practice
Dr. Candice Falls
Dr. Katherine Rogers
Dr. Sheila Melander
Dr. Patricia K. Howard
Background and Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic has drastically impacted nurse retention. According to the Kentucky Nurses Association, 57% of surveyed Kentucky nurses are considering leaving their jobs. Best retention strategies are unclear. Job embeddedness (JE) and Intent to stay (ITS) are factors that influence retention. The purpose of this project is to increase JE and ITS at a level one emergency department (ED) by implementing evidence-based mentorship and social event interventions.
Methods: This study utilized a mixed-methods, one group pretest-posttest design. Mentorship pairs were matched by personality type using the Big Five Personality Test. Four mentorship discussion meetings and two social events were held over six weeks. Pre and post-test scores from the Global Job Embeddedness Scale and McCain’s Intent to Stay Scale were analyzed using paired t-tests via SPSS software. Open response findings were analyzed by the primary investigator.
Results: Twenty-six ED nurses completed the pre-surveys and eighteen completed the post surveys. Participants were mostly female (92.4%), Caucasian (84.6%), under age 30 (56.5%), and had five years or less of nursing experience (69.3%). Increases in scores on the Global Job Embeddedness Scale (p= 0.19) and McCain’s Intent to Stay Scale (p= 0.92) were non-significant. Participants suggested on-site social activities, increasing pay, increasing staff, and awarding accomplishments to improve retention.
Conclusion: Mentorship and social events may not be enough to overcome other workplace barriers that impact JE and ITS in the ED setting. Future research efforts are needed to assess the impact of the participant suggestions to improve retention.
Albertsen, Kacie L., "The Effect of Mentorship and Social Events on Job Embeddedness and Intent to Stay in Emergency Department Nurses" (2023). DNP Projects. 427.