Biodiesel is a renewable fuel for diesel engines. Biodiesel, defined by ASTM International (D6751), consists of longchain fatty acid alkyl esters and is made from renewable vegetable oils, recycled cooking oils, or animal fats. It can be used at full strength, but it is typically blended with petroleum diesel. A blend of 2 percent biodiesel and 98 percent diesel is referred to as B2. Other typical blends include B5, B10, and B20; pure biodiesel is sometimes referred to as B100. Biodiesel is safer for the environment and produces significantly less air pollution compared to petroleum diesel. Biodiesel can be produced locally and can be integrated into the existing petroleum infrastructure.
Crofcheck, Czarena L.; Stombaugh, Timothy S.; and Montross, Michael D., "Biodiesel Basics" (2006). Agricultural Engineering Extension Publications. 6.